Class CoordinateFormatter


  • public final class CoordinateFormatter
    extends Object
    Converts between Points and formatted coordinates notation strings such as decimal degrees; degrees, minutes, and seconds; U.S. National Grid (USNG); and Military Grid Reference System (MGRS).
    Since:
    100.1.0
    • Constructor Detail

      • CoordinateFormatter

        public CoordinateFormatter()
    • Method Detail

      • fromGars

        public static final Point fromGars​(String coordinates,
                                           SpatialReference spatialReference,
                                           CoordinateFormatter.GarsConversionMode conversionMode)
        Parses coordinates in Global Area Reference System (GARS) notation, and returns a Point representing that location. The spatial reference provided must have an ellipsoid and datum matching those used by the source of the GARS string. If no spatial reference is provided, it is assumed the GARS string is referenced to WGS84.

        The GARS string must not contain any whitespace. GARS notation examples:

        • 354ND
        • 354ND22
        Parameters:
        coordinates - a GARS notation string for the coordinates
        spatialReference - a spatial reference that defines the datum and ellipsoid referenced by the GARS coordinates If it is null, WGS84 will be used.
        conversionMode - select whether the returned point's location represents the south-west corner of the GARS cell the coordinates lies within, or its center
        Returns:
        a point with the location from the GARS string in the spatial reference provided
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the coordinates or the conversionMode is null
        ArcGISRuntimeException - if the given string is not valid GARS notation
        Since:
        100.1.0
      • fromGeoRef

        public static final Point fromGeoRef​(String coordinates,
                                             SpatialReference spatialReference)
        Parses coordinates in World Geographic Reference System (GEOREF) notation, and returns a Point representing that location. The spatial reference provided must have an ellipsoid and datum matching those used by the source of the GEOREF string. If no spatial reference is provided, it is assumed the GEOREF string is referenced to WGS84.

        The GEOREF string may contain leading and trailing whitespace. Here some GEOREF notation examples:

        • MKML5056
        • MKML50285665
        Parameters:
        coordinates - a GEOREF notation string for the coordinates
        spatialReference - a spatial reference that defines the datum and ellipsoid referenced by the GEOREF coordinates. If it is null, WGS84 will be used.
        Returns:
        a point with the location from the GEOREF string in the spatial reference provided
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the coordinates is null
        ArcGISRuntimeException - if the given string is not valid GEOREF notation
        Since:
        100.1.0
      • fromLatitudeLongitude

        public static final Point fromLatitudeLongitude​(String coordinates,
                                                        SpatialReference spatialReference)
        Parses coordinates in latitude-longitude notation, and returns a Point representing that location.

        The coordinates may use decimal degrees, degrees and decimal minutes, or degrees, minutes, and seconds format. The spatial reference provided must have an ellipsoid and datum matching those used by the source of the latitude-longitude string. If no spatial reference is provided, it is assumed the latitude-longitude coordinates are referenced to WGS84.

        Supported characters
        Symbol Character Name Unicode number HTML code
        Degree * Asterisk U+002A *
        ^ Circumflex Accent U+005E ^
        ~ Tilde U+007E ~
        ° Degree Sign U+00B0 °
        º Masculine Ordinal Indicator U+00BA º
        ˚ Ring Above U+02DA ˚
        Superscript Zero U+2070 ⁰
        Minute ' Apostrophe U+0027 '
        Right Single Quotation Mark U+2019 ᾿
        Prime U+2032 ′
        Second " Quotation Mark U+0022 "
        ˝ Double Acute Accent U+02DD ˝
        Right Double Quotation Mark U+201D ”
        Double Prime U+2033 ″

        The latitude-longitude string may contain leading and trailing whitespace, and may also contain a space, comma, or vertical bar symbol to separate the latitude from the longitude. It may also contain the characters 'N', 'S', 'E' and 'W', or use a minus (-) symbol to indicate the hemisphere of each value.

        Latitude-longitude notation examples:

        • 55 56 39.123N 003 09 43.034W
        • 55°56′39″N 3°09′43″W
        • 55~56.65205', -003~09.71723'
        • 55.9442008* | -3.1619539
        Parameters:
        coordinates - the latitude-longitude notation string for the coordinates
        spatialReference - a spatial reference that defines the datum and ellipsoid referenced by the latitude-longitude coordinates. If it is null, WGS84 will be used.
        Returns:
        a point with the location from the coordinates string in the spatial reference provided
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the coordinates is null
        ArcGISRuntimeException - if the given string is not valid latitude-longitude notation
        Since:
        100.1.0
      • fromMgrs

        public static final Point fromMgrs​(String coordinates,
                                           SpatialReference spatialReference,
                                           CoordinateFormatter.MgrsConversionMode conversionMode)
        Parses coordinates in Military Grid Reference System (MGRS) notation, and returns a Point representing that location. The spatial reference provided must have an ellipsoid and datum matching those used by the source of the MGRS string. If no spatial reference is provided, it is assumed the MGRS string is referenced to WGS84.

        Note that the choice between zone 01 and 60 has no impact when reading from an MGRS notation string. The MGRS string can contain leading and trailing whitespace and can have whitespace between the grid zone designator, the 100km square identifier, and the numerical eastings and northings.

        MGRS notation examples:

        • 30UVG898998
        • 30UVG 89885 99877
        Parameters:
        coordinates - the MGRS notation string for the coordinates
        spatialReference - a spatial reference that defines the datum and ellipsoid referenced by the MGRS coordinates, if it is null, WGS84 will be used
        conversionMode - the mode used by the given MGRS coordinates
        Returns:
        a point with the location from the MGRS string in the spatial reference provided
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the coordinates or the conversionMode is null
        ArcGISRuntimeException - if the given string is not valid MGRS notation
        Since:
        100.1.0
        See Also:
        CoordinateFormatter.MgrsConversionMode
      • fromUsng

        public static final Point fromUsng​(String coordinates,
                                           SpatialReference spatialReference)
        Parses coordinates in United States National Grid (USNG) notation, and returns a Point representing that location.

        The spatial reference provided must have an ellipsoid and datum matching those used by the source of the USNG string. If no spatial reference is provided and the USNG string is suffixed with "(NAD 27)", it is assumed the USNG string is referenced to NAD 27. If no spatial reference is provided and no such suffix exists, it is assumed the USNG string is referenced to WGS84. The USNG string can contain leading and trailing whitespace and can have whitespace between the grid zone designator, the 100km square identifier and the numerical eastings and northings.

        USNG notation examples:

        • 13TFJ 23 59
        • 13TFJ2374159574
        Parameters:
        coordinates - the USNG notation string for the coordinates
        spatialReference - a spatial reference that defines the datum and ellipsoid referenced by the USNG coordinates, if it is null, WGS84 will be used
        Returns:
        a point with the location from the USNG string in the spatial reference provided
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the coordinates is null
        ArcGISRuntimeException - if the given string is not valid USNG notation
        Since:
        100.1.0
      • fromUtm

        public static final Point fromUtm​(String coordinates,
                                          SpatialReference spatialReference,
                                          CoordinateFormatter.UtmConversionMode conversionMode)
        Parses coordinates in Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) notation, and returns a Point representing that location. The spatial reference provided must have an ellipsoid and datum matching those used by the source of the UTM string. If no spatial reference is provided, it is assumed the UTM string is referenced to WGS84. The UTM string can contain leading and trailing whitespace and can have whitespace between the zone and latitude designator and the numerical eastings and northings.

        UTM notation examples:

        • 30U 489885 6199877
        • 30U4898856199877
        • 30N 489885 6199877 (using N/S indicator)
        Parameters:
        coordinates - the UTM notation string for the coordinates
        spatialReference - a spatial reference that defines the datum and ellipsoid referenced by the UTM coordinates, if it is null, WGS84 will be used.
        conversionMode - the latitude notation scheme used by the given UTM coordinates, either a latitudinal band, or a hemisphere designator
        Returns:
        a point with the location from the UTM string in the spatial reference provided
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the coordinates or the conversionMode is null
        ArcGISRuntimeException - if the given string is not valid UTM notation
        Since:
        100.1.0
      • toGars

        public static final String toGars​(Point point)
        Returns formatted coordinates in Global Area Reference System (GARS) notation representing the given point's location.
        Parameters:
        point - the location to be represented in GARS notation
        Returns:
        a GARS notation string representing the GARS cell containing the given point
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the point is null
        ArcGISRuntimeException - if the point does not have a spatial reference
        Since:
        100.1.0
      • toGeoRef

        public static final String toGeoRef​(Point point,
                                            int precision)
        Returns formatted coordinates in World Geographic Reference System (GEOREF) notation representing the given point's location.

        The precision value controls the number of digits used to represent the fractional part of coordinate's latitude and longitude, expressed in minutes.

        For example:

        precision Example output Angular precision Approximate precision
        0 MKML5056 1min 2km
        1 MKML5056 1min 2km
        2 MKML5056 1min 2km
        3 MKML502566 0.1min 200m
        4 MKML50285665 0.01min 20m
        5 MKML5028256652 0.001min 2m
        Parameters:
        point - the location to be represented in GEOREF notation
        precision - the precision with which to represent the coordinates, it should be an integer from 0 to 9
        Returns:
        a GEOREF notation string representing the position of the given point
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the point is null
        IllegalArgumentException - if the precision is out of range from 0 to 9
        ArcGISRuntimeException - if the point does not have a spatial reference
        Since:
        100.1.0
      • toLatitudeLongitude

        public static final String toLatitudeLongitude​(Point point,
                                                       CoordinateFormatter.LatitudeLongitudeFormat latitudeLongitudeFormat,
                                                       int decimalPlaces)
        Returns formatted coordinates in latitude-longitude notation representing the given point's location.

        The latitude-longitude string will contain a space separating the latitude from the longitude value, and the characters 'N' or 'S', and 'E' and 'W', to indicate the hemisphere of each value. The string will also contain spaces separating the components (degrees, minutes, seconds) of each value. The precision of the output is controlled by both the LatitudeLongitudeFormat and decimal places parameters.

        For example:

        Decimal places format Example output Angular precision Approximate precision
        0 DECIMAL_DEGREES 056N 0003W 1deg 100km
        1 DECIMAL_DEGREES 55.9N 003.2W 0.1deg 10km
        2 DECIMAL_DEGREES 55.94N 003.16W 0.01deg 1km
        3 DECIMAL_DEGREES 55.944N 003.162W 0.001deg 100m
        0 DEGREES_DECIMAL_MINUTES 55 057N 003 010W 1min 2km
        1 DEGREES_DECIMAL_MINUTES 55 56.7N 003 09.7W 0.1min 200m
        2 DEGREES_DECIMAL_MINUTES 55 56.65N 003 09.72W 0.01min 20m
        3 DEGREES_DECIMAL_MINUTES 55 56.650N 003 09.717W 0.001min 2m
        0 DEGREES_MINUTES_SECONDS 55 56 039N 003 09 043W 1sec 30m
        1 DEGREES_MINUTES_SECONDS 55 56 39.1N 003 09 43.0W 0.1sec 3m
        2 DEGREES_MINUTES_SECONDS 55 56 39.12N 003 09 43.03W 0.01sec 300mm
        3 DEGREES_MINUTES_SECONDS 55 56 39.123N 003 09 43.034W 0.001sec 30mm
        Parameters:
        point - the location to be represented as a formatted latitude-longitude string
        latitudeLongitudeFormat - the mode to use when formatting the latitude-longitude string
        decimalPlaces - the number of decimal places to use, it should be an integer from 0 to 16
        Returns:
        a string representing the latitude-longitude of the given point
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the point or latitudeLongitudeFormat is null
        IllegalArgumentException - if the decimal places is out of the range from 0 to 16
        ArcGISRuntimeException - if the point does not have a spatial reference
        Since:
        100.1.0
      • toMgrs

        public static final String toMgrs​(Point point,
                                          CoordinateFormatter.MgrsConversionMode conversionMode,
                                          int precision,
                                          boolean addSpace)
        Returns formatted coordinates in Military Grid Reference System (MGRS) notation representing the given point's location.

        Note that the choice between zone 01 and 60 has an impact only when generating the MGRS notation string for a point with longitude of exactly 180deg. The precision value controls the number of digits used to represent each numerical easting and northing value within the MGRS string. For example:

        precision add_spaces Example output Approximate precision
        0 false 30UVG 100km
        1 false 30UVG89 10km
        2 false 30UVG8999 1km
        3 false 30UVG898998 100m
        4 false 30UVG89889988 10m
        5 false 30UVG8988499881 1m
        0 true 30U VG 100km
        1 true 30U VG 8 9 10km
        2 true 30U VG 89 99 1km
        3 true 30U VG 898 998 100m
        4 true 30U VG 8988 9988 10m
        5 true 30U VG 89884 99881 1m
        Parameters:
        point - the location to be represented in MGRS notation
        conversionMode - the mode to use for the returned MGRS notation string
        precision - the precision with which to represent the coordinates, it should be an integer from 0 to 8
        addSpace - if it is false, the generated string will contain no spaces. If true, a space separates the grid zone designator, the 100km square identifier, and the numerical easting and northing values
        Returns:
        a MGRS notation string representing the position of the given point
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the point or conversionMode is null
        IllegalArgumentException - if the precision is out of range from 0 to 8
        ArcGISRuntimeException - if the point does not have a spatial reference
        Since:
        100.1.0
        See Also:
        CoordinateFormatter.MgrsConversionMode
      • toUsng

        public static final String toUsng​(Point point,
                                          int precision,
                                          boolean addSpace)
        Returns formatted coordinates in United States National Grid (USNG) notation representing the given point's location.

        The precision value controls the number of digits used to represent each numerical easting and northing value within the USNG string. For example:

        Precision Add spaces Example output Approximate precision
        0 false 13TFJ 100km
        1 false 13TFJ25 10km
        2 false 13TFJ2359 1km
        3 false 13TFJ237595 100m
        4 false 13TFJ23745951 10m
        5 false 13TFJ2374359512 1m
        0 true 13T FJ 100km
        1 true 13T FJ 2 5 10km
        2 true 13T FJ 23 59 1km
        3 true 13T FJ 237 595 100m
        4 true 13T FJ 2374 5951 10m
        5 true 13T FJ 23743 59512 1m
        4* false 13TFJ23795929 (NAD 27) 10m
        2* true 13T FJ 23 59 (NAD 27) 1km
        * When the point's spatial reference is based on NAD 27.
        Parameters:
        point - the location to be represented in USNG notation
        precision - the precision with which to represent the coordinates, it should be an integer from 0 to 8
        addSpace - if false, the generated string will contain no spaces. If true, a space separates the grid zone designator, the 100km square identifier, and the numerical easting and northing values
        Returns:
        a USNG notation string representing the position of the given point
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the point is null
        IllegalArgumentException - if the precision is out of range from 0 to 8
        ArcGISRuntimeException - if the point does not have a spatial reference
        Since:
        100.1.0
      • toUtm

        public static final String toUtm​(Point point,
                                         CoordinateFormatter.UtmConversionMode conversionMode,
                                         boolean addSpace)
        Returns formatted coordinates in Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) notation representing the given point's location.

        Example output for a point in the southern hemisphere:

        utm_conversion_mode add_spaces Example output
        LATITUDE_BAND_INDICATORS false 30U4898846199881
        LATITUDE_BAND_INDICATORS true 30U 489884 6199881
        NORTH_SOUTH_INDICATORS false 30N4898846199881
        NORTH_SOUTH_INDICATORS true 30N 489884 6199881
        Parameters:
        point - the location to be represented in UTM notation
        conversionMode - the latitude notation scheme to use in the returned UTM notation string, either a latitudinal band, or a hemisphere designator
        addSpace - if false, the generated string will contain no spaces. If true, a space separates the UTM zone and latitude designator, and each numerical easting and northing value.
        Returns:
        a UTM notation string representing the position of the given point
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the point or conversionMode is null
        ArcGISRuntimeException - if the point does not have a spatial reference
        Since:
        100.1.0
        See Also:
        CoordinateFormatter.UtmConversionMode