ArcGIS Runtime SDK for Java

Nearest Vertex

Gets the vertex of a geometry closest to a point.

How it works

To get the vertex of a Geometry closest to a Point:

  1. Get a Point to check the nearest vertex against.
  2. Call GeometryEngine.nearestVertex(inputGeometry, point). The returned ProximityResult can be used to get the coordinate and distance between the vertex and point.
  3. Call GeometryEngine.nearestCoordinate(inputGeometry, point). The returned ProximityResult can be used to get the coordinate and distance between the coordinate and point.


 * Copyright 2018 Esri.
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not
 * use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of
 * the License at
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
 * WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
 * License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under
 * the License.

package com.esri.samples.geometry.nearest_vertex;

import java.util.Arrays;

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.beans.binding.Bindings;
import javafx.geometry.Insets;
import javafx.geometry.Point2D;
import javafx.geometry.Pos;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.control.Label;
import javafx.scene.input.MouseButton;
import javafx.scene.layout.Background;
import javafx.scene.layout.BackgroundFill;
import javafx.scene.layout.CornerRadii;
import javafx.scene.layout.StackPane;
import javafx.scene.layout.VBox;
import javafx.scene.paint.Paint;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

import com.esri.arcgisruntime.geometry.GeometryEngine;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.geometry.Point;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.geometry.PointCollection;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.geometry.Polygon;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.geometry.ProximityResult;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.geometry.SpatialReferences;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.ArcGISMap;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.Basemap;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.view.Graphic;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.view.GraphicsOverlay;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.view.MapView;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.symbology.SimpleFillSymbol;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.symbology.SimpleLineSymbol;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.symbology.SimpleMarkerSymbol;

public class NearestVertexSample extends Application {

  private MapView mapView;

  public void start(Stage stage) {

    try {
      // create stack pane and application scene
      StackPane stackPane = new StackPane();
      Scene scene = new Scene(stackPane);

      // set title, size, and add scene to stage
      stage.setTitle("Nearest Vertex Sample");

      // create a map with a basemap and add it to the map view
      ArcGISMap map = new ArcGISMap(Basemap.createTopographic());
      mapView = new MapView();

      // create a graphics overlay to show the polygon, clicked location, and nearest vertex/coordinate
      GraphicsOverlay graphicsOverlay = new GraphicsOverlay();

      // create a graphic for the polygon
      PointCollection polygonPoints = new PointCollection(SpatialReferences.getWebMercator());
          new Point(-5991501.677830, 5599295.131468),
          new Point(-6928550.398185, 2087936.739807),
          new Point(-3149463.800709, 1840803.011362),
          new Point(-1563689.043184, 3714900.452072),
          new Point(-3180355.516764, 5619889.608838)));
      Polygon polygon = new Polygon(polygonPoints);
      SimpleLineSymbol polygonOutlineSymbol = new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbol.Style.SOLID, 0xFF00FF00, 2);
      SimpleFillSymbol polygonFillSymbol = new SimpleFillSymbol(SimpleFillSymbol.Style.FORWARD_DIAGONAL, 0xFF00FF00, polygonOutlineSymbol);
      Graphic polygonGraphic = new Graphic(polygon, polygonFillSymbol);

      // create graphics for the clicked location, nearest coordinate, and nearest vertex markers
      SimpleMarkerSymbol clickedLocationSymbol = new SimpleMarkerSymbol(SimpleMarkerSymbol.Style.X, 0xFFFFA500, 15);
      SimpleMarkerSymbol nearestCoordinateSymbol = new SimpleMarkerSymbol(SimpleMarkerSymbol.Style.DIAMOND, 0xFFFF0000, 10);
      SimpleMarkerSymbol nearestVertexSymbol = new SimpleMarkerSymbol(SimpleMarkerSymbol.Style.CIRCLE, 0xFF0000FF, 15);
      Graphic clickedLocationGraphic = new Graphic();
      Graphic nearestCoordinateGraphic = new Graphic();
      Graphic nearestVertexGraphic = new Graphic();
      graphicsOverlay.getGraphics().addAll(Arrays.asList(clickedLocationGraphic, nearestCoordinateGraphic, nearestVertexGraphic));

      // create a label to show the distances between the nearest vertex and nearest coordinate to the clicked location
      Label distancesLabel = new Label("");

      // create a black background for the label
      VBox controlsVBox = new VBox(6);
      controlsVBox.setBackground(new Background(new BackgroundFill(Paint.valueOf("rgba(0,0,0,0.3)"), CornerRadii.EMPTY,
      controlsVBox.setPadding(new Insets(10.0));
      controlsVBox.setMaxSize(300, 50);
      // hide it until the label text is set
      controlsVBox.visibleProperty().bind(Bindings.createBooleanBinding(() -> !distancesLabel.getText().equals(""), distancesLabel.textProperty()));

      // get the nearest vertex and coordinate where the user clicks
      mapView.setOnMouseClicked(e -> {
        if (e.isStillSincePress() && e.getButton() == MouseButton.PRIMARY) {
          // show where the user clicked
          Point2D point2D = new Point2D(e.getX(), e.getY());
          Point point = mapView.screenToLocation(point2D);

          // show the nearest coordinate and vertex
          ProximityResult nearestCoordinateResult = GeometryEngine.nearestCoordinate(polygon, point);
          ProximityResult nearestVertexResult = GeometryEngine.nearestVertex(polygon, point);

          // show the distances to the nearest vertex and nearest coordinate rounded to the nearest kilometer
          int vertexDistance = (int) (nearestVertexResult.getDistance() / 1000.0);
          int coordinateDistance = (int) (nearestCoordinateResult.getDistance() / 1000.0);
          distancesLabel.setText("Vertex distance: " + vertexDistance + " km\nCoordinate distance: " + coordinateDistance + " km");

      // zoom to the polygon's extent
      mapView.setViewpointGeometryAsync(polygon.getExtent(), 100);

      // add the map view and label to the stack pane
      stackPane.getChildren().addAll(mapView, controlsVBox);
      StackPane.setAlignment(controlsVBox, Pos.TOP_LEFT);
      StackPane.setMargin(controlsVBox, new Insets(10, 0, 0, 10));
    } catch (Exception e) {
      // on any error, display the stack trace.

   * Stops and releases all resources used in application.
  public void stop() {

    if (mapView != null) {

   * Opens and runs application.
   * @param args arguments passed to this application
  public static void main(String[] args) {



In this topic
  1. How it works
  2. Code