Generate offline map

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Take a web map offline.

Image of generate offline map

Use case

Taking a web map offline allows users continued productivity when their network connectivity is poor or nonexistent. For example, by taking a map offline, a field worker inspecting utility lines in remote areas could still access a feature's location and attribute information.

How to use the sample

When the app starts, you will be prompted to sign in using a free ArcGIS Online account. Once the map loads, zoom to the extent you want to take offline. The red border shows the extent that will be downloaded. Tap the "Take Map Offline" button to start the offline map job. The progress bar will show the job's progress. When complete, the offline map will replace the online map in the map view.

How it works

  1. Create an Map with a Portal item pointing to the web map.
  2. Create GenerateOfflineMapParameters specifying the download area geometry, minimum scale, and maximum scale.
  3. Create an OfflineMapTask with the map.
  4. Create the OfflineMapJob with OfflineMapTask.GenerateOfflineMap(params, downloadDirectoryPath) and start it with OfflineMapJob.Start().
  5. When the job is done, get the offline map with OfflineMapJob.Result.OfflineMap.

Relevant API

  • GenerateOfflineMapJob
  • GenerateOfflineMapParameters
  • GenerateOfflineMapResult
  • OfflineMapTask
  • Portal

About the data

The map used in this sample shows the stormwater network within Naperville, IL, USA, with cartography designed for web and mobile devices with offline support.

Additional information

The creation of the offline map can be fine-tuned using parameter overrides for feature layers, or by using local basemaps to achieve more customized results.

Tags

download, offline, save, web map

Sample Code

GenerateOfflineMap.cs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
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// Copyright 2018 Esri.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at: http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an
// "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific
// language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Android.App;
using Android.OS;
using Android.Widget;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Geometry;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Mapping;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Portal;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Security;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Symbology;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Tasks;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Tasks.Offline;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.UI;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.UI.Controls;
using Xamarin.Auth;

namespace ArcGISRuntime.Samples.GenerateOfflineMap
{
    [Activity (ConfigurationChanges=Android.Content.PM.ConfigChanges.Orientation | Android.Content.PM.ConfigChanges.ScreenSize)]
    [ArcGISRuntime.Samples.Shared.Attributes.Sample(
        name: "Generate offline map",
        category: "Map",
        description: "Take a web map offline.",
        instructions: "When the app starts, you will be prompted to sign in using a free ArcGIS Online account. Once the map loads, zoom to the extent you want to take offline. The red border shows the extent that will be downloaded. Tap the \"Take Map Offline\" button to start the offline map job. The progress bar will show the job's progress. When complete, the offline map will replace the online map in the map view.",
        tags: new[] { "download", "offline", "save", "web map" })]
    public class GenerateOfflineMap : Activity, IOAuthAuthorizeHandler
    {
        // Mapview.
        private MapView _mapView;

        // Generate Button.
        private Button _takeMapOfflineButton;

        // Progress indicator.
        private AlertDialog _alertDialog;
        private ProgressBar _progressIndicator;

        // The job to generate an offline map.
        private GenerateOfflineMapJob _generateOfflineMapJob;

        // The extent of the data to take offline.
        private Envelope _areaOfInterest = new Envelope(-88.1541, 41.7690, -88.1471, 41.7720, SpatialReferences.Wgs84);

        // The ID for a web map item hosted on the server (water network map of Naperville IL).
        private string WebMapId = "acc027394bc84c2fb04d1ed317aac674";

        protected override void OnCreate(Bundle bundle)
        {
            base.OnCreate(bundle);
            Title = "Generate offline map";

            // Create the UI, setup the control references and execute initialization.
            CreateLayout();
            Initialize();
        }

        private void CreateLayout()
        {
            // Create the layout.
            LinearLayout layout = new LinearLayout(this)
            {
                Orientation = Orientation.Vertical
            };

            // Add the generate button.
            _takeMapOfflineButton = new Button(this)
            {
                Text = "Take map offline"
            };
            _takeMapOfflineButton.Click += TakeMapOfflineButton_Click;
            layout.AddView(_takeMapOfflineButton);

            // Add the mapview.
            _mapView = new MapView(this);
            layout.AddView(_mapView);

            // Add the layout to the view.
            SetContentView(layout);

            // Create the progress dialog display.
            _progressIndicator = new ProgressBar(this);
            _progressIndicator.SetProgress(40, true);
            AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(this).SetView(_progressIndicator);
            builder.SetCancelable(true);
            builder.SetMessage("Generating offline map ...");
            _alertDialog = builder.Create();
            _alertDialog.SetButton("Cancel", (s, e) =>
            {
                _generateOfflineMapJob.Cancel();
            });
        }

        private async void Initialize()
        {
            try
            {
                // Call a function to set up the AuthenticationManager for OAuth.
                SetOAuthInfo();

                // Create the ArcGIS Online portal.
                ArcGISPortal portal = await ArcGISPortal.CreateAsync();

                // Get the Naperville water web map item using its ID.
                PortalItem webmapItem = await PortalItem.CreateAsync(portal, WebMapId);

                // Create a map from the web map item.
                Map onlineMap = new Map(webmapItem);

                // Display the map in the MapView.
                _mapView.Map = onlineMap;

                // Disable user interactions on the map (no panning or zooming from the initial extent).
                _mapView.InteractionOptions = new MapViewInteractionOptions
                {
                    IsEnabled = false
                };

                // Create a graphics overlay for the extent graphic and apply a renderer.
                SimpleLineSymbol aoiOutlineSymbol = new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbolStyle.Solid, System.Drawing.Color.Red, 3);
                GraphicsOverlay extentOverlay = new GraphicsOverlay
                {
                    Renderer = new SimpleRenderer(aoiOutlineSymbol)
                };
                _mapView.GraphicsOverlays.Add(extentOverlay);

                // Add a graphic to show the area of interest (extent) that will be taken offline.
                Graphic aoiGraphic = new Graphic(_areaOfInterest);
                extentOverlay.Graphics.Add(aoiGraphic);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                // Show the exception message to the user.
                ShowStatusMessage(ex.Message);
            }
        }

        private async void TakeMapOfflineButton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            // Create a path for the output mobile map.
            string tempPath = $"{Path.GetTempPath()}";
            string[] outputFolders = Directory.GetDirectories(tempPath, "NapervilleWaterNetwork*");

            // Loop through the folder names and delete them.
            foreach (string dir in outputFolders)
            {
                try
                {
                    // Delete the folder.
                    Directory.Delete(dir, true);
                }
                catch (Exception)
                {
                    // Ignore exceptions (files might be locked, for example).
                }
            }

            // Create a new folder for the output mobile map.
            string packagePath = Path.Combine(tempPath, @"NapervilleWaterNetwork");
            int num = 1;
            while (Directory.Exists(packagePath))
            {
                packagePath = Path.Combine(tempPath, @"NapervilleWaterNetwork" + num.ToString());
                num++;
            }

            // Create the output directory.
            Directory.CreateDirectory(packagePath);

            try
            {
                // Show the progress dialog while the job is running.
                _alertDialog.Show();

                // Create an offline map task with the current (online) map.
                OfflineMapTask takeMapOfflineTask = await OfflineMapTask.CreateAsync(_mapView.Map);

                // Create the default parameters for the task, pass in the area of interest.
                GenerateOfflineMapParameters parameters = await takeMapOfflineTask.CreateDefaultGenerateOfflineMapParametersAsync(_areaOfInterest);

                // Create the job with the parameters and output location.
                _generateOfflineMapJob = takeMapOfflineTask.GenerateOfflineMap(parameters, packagePath);

                // Handle the progress changed event for the job.
                _generateOfflineMapJob.ProgressChanged += OfflineMapJob_ProgressChanged;

                // Await the job to generate geodatabases, export tile packages, and create the mobile map package.
                GenerateOfflineMapResult results = await _generateOfflineMapJob.GetResultAsync();

                // Check for job failure (writing the output was denied, e.g.).
                if (_generateOfflineMapJob.Status != JobStatus.Succeeded)
                {
                    // Report failure to the user.
                    ShowStatusMessage("Failed to take the map offline.");

                }

                // Check for errors with individual layers.
                if (results.LayerErrors.Any())
                {
                    // Build a string to show all layer errors.
                    System.Text.StringBuilder errorBuilder = new System.Text.StringBuilder();
                    foreach (KeyValuePair<Layer, Exception> layerError in results.LayerErrors)
                    {
                        errorBuilder.AppendLine(string.Format("{0} : {1}", layerError.Key.Id, layerError.Value.Message));
                    }

                    // Show layer errors.
                    ShowStatusMessage(errorBuilder.ToString());
                }

                // Display the offline map.
                _mapView.Map = results.OfflineMap;

                // Apply the original viewpoint for the offline map.
                _mapView.SetViewpoint(new Viewpoint(_areaOfInterest));

                // Enable map interaction so the user can explore the offline data.
                _mapView.InteractionOptions.IsEnabled = true;

                // Change the title and disable the "Take map offline" button.
                _takeMapOfflineButton.Text = "Map is offline";
                _takeMapOfflineButton.Enabled = false;
            }
            catch (TaskCanceledException)
            {
                // Generate offline map task was canceled.
                ShowStatusMessage("Taking map offline was canceled");
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                // Exception while taking the map offline.
                ShowStatusMessage(ex.Message);
            }
            finally
            {
                // Hide the loading overlay when the job is done.
                _alertDialog.Dismiss();
            }
        }

        private void ShowStatusMessage(string message)
        {
            // Display the message to the user.
            AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(this);
            builder.SetMessage(message).SetTitle("Alert").Show();
        }

        // Show changes in job progress.
        private void OfflineMapJob_ProgressChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            // Get the job.
            GenerateOfflineMapJob job = sender as GenerateOfflineMapJob;

            // Dispatch to the UI thread.
            RunOnUiThread(() =>
            {
                // Show the percent complete and update the progress bar.
                string percentText = job.Progress > 0 ? job.Progress.ToString() + " %" : string.Empty;
                _progressIndicator.Progress = job.Progress;
                _alertDialog.SetMessage($"Taking map offline ({percentText}) ...");
            });
        }

        #region Authentication
        // Constants for OAuth-related values.
        // - The URL of the portal to authenticate with (ArcGIS Online).
        private const string ServerUrl = "https://www.arcgis.com/sharing/rest";
        // - The Client ID for an app registered with the server (the ID below is for a public app created by the ArcGIS Runtime team).
        private const string AppClientId = @"lgAdHkYZYlwwfAhC";
        // - A URL for redirecting after a successful authorization (this must be a URL configured with the app).
        private const string OAuthRedirectUrl = @"my-ags-app://auth";

        private void SetOAuthInfo()
        {
            // Register the server information with the AuthenticationManager.
            ServerInfo serverInfo = new ServerInfo(new Uri(ServerUrl))
            {
                TokenAuthenticationType = TokenAuthenticationType.OAuthImplicit,
                OAuthClientInfo = new OAuthClientInfo(AppClientId, new Uri(OAuthRedirectUrl))
            };

            // Register this server with AuthenticationManager.
            AuthenticationManager.Current.RegisterServer(serverInfo);

            // Use a function in this class to challenge for credentials.
            AuthenticationManager.Current.ChallengeHandler = new ChallengeHandler(CreateCredentialAsync);

            // Set the OAuthAuthorizeHandler component (this class) for Android or iOS platforms.
            AuthenticationManager.Current.OAuthAuthorizeHandler = this;
        }

        // ChallengeHandler function that will be called whenever access to a secured resource is attempted.
        public async Task<Credential> CreateCredentialAsync(CredentialRequestInfo info)
        {
            Credential credential = null;

            try
            {
                // IOAuthAuthorizeHandler will challenge the user for OAuth credentials.
                credential = await AuthenticationManager.Current.GenerateCredentialAsync(info.ServiceUri);
            }
            catch (TaskCanceledException) { return credential; }
            catch (Exception)
            {
                // Exception will be reported in calling function.
                throw;
            }

            return credential;
        }

        #region IOAuthAuthorizationHandler implementation
        // Use a TaskCompletionSource to track the completion of the authorization.
        private TaskCompletionSource<IDictionary<string, string>> _taskCompletionSource;

        // IOAuthAuthorizeHandler.AuthorizeAsync implementation.
        public Task<IDictionary<string, string>> AuthorizeAsync(Uri serviceUri, Uri authorizeUri, Uri callbackUri)
        {
            // If the TaskCompletionSource is not null, authorization may already be in progress and should be canceled.
            if (_taskCompletionSource != null)
            {
                // Try to cancel any existing authentication task.
                _taskCompletionSource.TrySetCanceled();
            }

            // Create a task completion source.
            _taskCompletionSource = new TaskCompletionSource<IDictionary<string, string>>();

            // Get the current Android Activity.
            Activity activity = (Activity)this;

            // Create a new Xamarin.Auth.OAuth2Authenticator using the information passed in.
            OAuth2Authenticator authenticator = new OAuth2Authenticator(
                clientId: AppClientId,
                scope: "",
                authorizeUrl: authorizeUri,
                redirectUrl: callbackUri)
            {
                ShowErrors = false,
                // Allow the user to cancel the OAuth attempt.
                AllowCancel = true
            };

            // Define a handler for the OAuth2Authenticator.Completed event.
            authenticator.Completed += (sender, authArgs) =>
            {
                try
                {

                    // Check if the user is authenticated.
                    if (authArgs.IsAuthenticated)
                    {
                        // If authorization was successful, get the user's account.
                        Xamarin.Auth.Account authenticatedAccount = authArgs.Account;

                        // Set the result (Credential) for the TaskCompletionSource.
                        _taskCompletionSource.SetResult(authenticatedAccount.Properties);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        throw new Exception("Unable to authenticate user.");
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    // If authentication failed, set the exception on the TaskCompletionSource.
                    _taskCompletionSource.TrySetException(ex);

                    // Cancel authentication.
                    authenticator.OnCancelled();
                }
                finally
                {
                    // Dismiss the OAuth login.
                    activity.FinishActivity(99);
                }
            };

            // If an error was encountered when authenticating, set the exception on the TaskCompletionSource.
            authenticator.Error += (sndr, errArgs) =>
            {
                // If the user cancels, the Error event is raised but there is no exception ... best to check first.
                if (errArgs.Exception != null)
                {
                    _taskCompletionSource.TrySetException(errArgs.Exception);
                }
                else
                {
                    // Login canceled: dismiss the OAuth login.
                    if (_taskCompletionSource != null)
                    {
                        _taskCompletionSource.TrySetCanceled();
                        activity.FinishActivity(99);
                    }
                }

                // Cancel authentication.
                authenticator.OnCancelled();
            };

            // Present the OAuth UI so the user can enter user name and password.
            Android.Content.Intent intent = authenticator.GetUI(activity);
            activity.StartActivityForResult(intent, 99);

            // Return completion source task so the caller can await completion.
            return _taskCompletionSource.Task;
        }
        #endregion

        #endregion
    }
}

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