Show location history

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Display your location history on the map.

Image of show location history

Use case

You can track device location history and display it as lines and points on the map. The history can be used to visualize how the user moved through the world, to retrace their steps, or to create new feature geometry. An unmapped trail, for example, could be added to the map using this technique.

How to use the sample

Tap 'Start tracking' to start tracking your location, which will appear as points on the map. A line will connect the points for easier visualization. Tap 'Stop tracking' to stop updating the location history. This sample uses a simulated data source to allow the sample to be useful on desktop/non-mobile devices. To track a user's real position, use the SystemLocationDataSource instead.

How it works

  1. If necessary, request location permission from the operating system.
  2. Create a graphics overlay to show each point and another graphics overlay for displaying the route line.
  3. Create a SimulatedLocationDataSource and initialize it with a polyline. Start the SimulatedLocationDataSource to begin receiving location updates.
  4. NOTE: To track a user's real position, use SystemLocationDataSource instead.
  5. Subscribe to the LocationChanged event to handle location updates.
  6. Every time the location updates, store that location, display a point on the map, and recreate the route line.

Relevant API

  • Location.Position
  • LocationDataSource
  • LocationDataSource.LocationChanged
  • LocationDataSource.UpdateLocation
  • LocationDisplay.AutoPanMode
  • LocationDisplay.DataSource
  • LocationDisplay.IsEnabled
  • MapView.LocationDisplay
  • SimulatedLocationDataSource

About the data

A custom set of points is used to create a Polyline and initialize a SimulatedLocationDataSource. This simulated location data source enables easier testing and allows the sample to be used on devices without an actively updating GPS signal.

Tags

bread crumb, breadcrumb, GPS, history, movement, navigation, real-time, trace, track, trail

Sample Code

ShowLocationHistory.cs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
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// Copyright 2020 Esri.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at: http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an
// "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific
// language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

using Android;
using Android.App;
using Android.Content.PM;
using Android.OS;
using Android.Support.V4.App;
using Android.Support.V4.Content;
using Android.Widget;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Geometry;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Location;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Mapping;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Symbology;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.UI;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.UI.Controls;
using Google.Android.Material.Snackbar;
using System;
using System.Drawing;

namespace ArcGISRuntimeXamarin.Samples.ShowLocationHistory
{
    [Activity(ConfigurationChanges = Android.Content.PM.ConfigChanges.Orientation | Android.Content.PM.ConfigChanges.ScreenSize)]
    [ArcGISRuntime.Samples.Shared.Attributes.Sample(
        name: "Show location history",
        category: "Location",
        description: "Display your location history on the map.",
        instructions: "Tap 'Start tracking' to start tracking your location, which will appear as points on the map. A line will connect the points for easier visualization. Tap 'Stop tracking' to stop updating the location history. This sample uses a simulated data source to allow the sample to be useful on desktop/non-mobile devices. To track a user's real position, use the `SystemLocationDataSource` instead.",
        tags: new[] { "GPS", "bread crumb", "breadcrumb", "history", "movement", "navigation", "real-time", "trace", "track", "trail", "Featured" })]
    public class ShowLocationHistory : Activity, ActivityCompat.IOnRequestPermissionsResultCallback
    {
        // Hold references to the UI controls.
        private MapView _myMapView;
        private Button _trackingToggleButton;

        // Constant for tracking permission request.
        private const int LocationPermissionRequestCode = 99;

        // URL to the raster dark gray canvas basemap.
        private const string BasemapUrl = "https://www.arcgis.com/home/item.html?id=1970c1995b8f44749f4b9b6e81b5ba45";

        // Track whether location tracking is enabled.
        private bool _isTrackingEnabled;

        // Location data source provides location data updates.
        private LocationDataSource _locationDataSource;

        // Graphics overlay to display the location history (points).
        private GraphicsOverlay _locationHistoryOverlay;

        // Graphics overlay to display the line created by the location points.
        private GraphicsOverlay _locationHistoryLineOverlay;

        // Polyline builder to more efficiently manage large location history graphic.
        private PolylineBuilder _polylineBuilder;

        // Track previous location to ensure the route line appears behind the animating location symbol.
        private MapPoint _lastPosition;

        protected override void OnCreate(Bundle bundle)
        {
            base.OnCreate(bundle);

            Title = "Show location history";

            CreateLayout();
            Initialize();
        }

        private void Initialize()
        {
            // Create new Map with basemap.
            Map myMap = new Map(new Uri(BasemapUrl));

            // Display the map.
            _myMapView.Map = myMap;

            // Create and add graphics overlay for displaying the trail.
            _locationHistoryLineOverlay = new GraphicsOverlay();
            SimpleLineSymbol locationLineSymbol = new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbolStyle.Solid, Color.Lime, 2);
            _locationHistoryLineOverlay.Renderer = new SimpleRenderer(locationLineSymbol);
            _myMapView.GraphicsOverlays.Add(_locationHistoryLineOverlay);

            // Create and add graphics overlay for showing points.
            _locationHistoryOverlay = new GraphicsOverlay();
            SimpleMarkerSymbol locationPointSymbol = new SimpleMarkerSymbol(SimpleMarkerSymbolStyle.Circle, Color.Red, 3);
            _locationHistoryOverlay.Renderer = new SimpleRenderer(locationPointSymbol);
            _myMapView.GraphicsOverlays.Add(_locationHistoryOverlay);

            // Create the polyline builder.
            _polylineBuilder = new PolylineBuilder(SpatialReferences.WebMercator);

            // Get permissions.
            AskForLocationPermission();
        }

        private async void HandleLocationReady()
        {
            // Create a polyline of mock data.
            var simulatedLocations = (Polyline)Geometry.FromJson("{\"paths\":[[[-13185646.046666779,4037971.5966668758],[-13185586.780000051,4037827.6633333955], [-13185514.813333312,4037709.1299999417],[-13185569.846666701,4037522.8633330846], [-13185591.01333339,4037378.9299996048],[-13185629.113333428,4037283.6799995075], [-13185770.93000024,4037425.4966663187],[-13185821.730000293,4037546.146666442], [-13185880.996667018,4037704.8966666036],[-13185948.730000421,4037874.2300001099], [-13185974.130000448,4037946.1966668498],[-13186120.180000596,4037958.896666863], [-13186264.113334076,4037984.296666889],[-13186336.080000836,4038001.2300002342], [-13186314.91333415,4037757.8133333195],[-13186272.580000773,4037560.9633331187], [-13186187.913334005,4037463.59666635],[-13186431.33000092,4037404.3299996229], [-13186676.863334503,4037290.0299995062],[-13187625.130002158,4038589.6633341513], [-13187333.030001862,4038756.8800009824],[-13187091.730001617,4038617.1800008402], [-13186791.163334643,4038805.5633343654],[-13186721.313334571,4038801.3300010278], [-13186833.49666802,4038195.9633337436],[-13186977.677439401,4037699.8176972247], [-13186784.921301765,4037820.4541915278],[-13186749.517113185,4038150.8932846226], [-13186649.860878762,4038288.5762400767],[-13186556.760975549,4038323.9804286221], [-13186472.839936033,4038481.3323777127],[-13186373.183701571,4038489.1999751539], [-13186344.335844241,4038242.6819215398],[-13186126.665647998,4038308.245233661], [-13185814.584282301,4038358.0733508728],[-13185651.987268206,4038116.8003622484], [-13185203.534213299,4038048.6145176427],[-13184576.748949422,4038150.8932845518], [-13184251.55492135,4037833.5668537691],[-13184146.653621957,4037524.1080205571], [-13183949.963685593,4037621.1417224966],[-13183687.71043711,4037781.1162040718], [-13183480.530370807,4037875.5273735262],[-13182307.629999243,4037859.7460188437], [-13181376.039484169,4037820.9297473822],[-13180716.162869323,4038364.3575478429], [-13180182.439136729,4038810.7446696493],[-13178474.523192419,4040237.2426458625], [-13178321.134040033,4039740.6894803117],[-13177958.020228144,4039140.1550991111], [-13177073.512224896,4037459.5898928214],[-13177757.842101147,4037589.9384406791], [-13178386.308314031,4037799.427178307],[-13180095.012208173,4037811.6550856642], [-13180126.165447287,4036845.9046731163],[-13179806.844746364,4036324.0879179495], [-13180928.361354485,4035887.9425703473],[-13181598.155995468,4035428.432293402], [-13182984.47513606,4034447.105261297],[-13182229.264383668,4033222.8051626245], [-13182058.735615831,4033339.8690072047],[-13181939.035180708,4033691.2477038498], [-13182116.65518121,4033861.1450956347],[-13181792.305615077,4034085.1007484416], [-13182027.845180977,4034467.3698799671],[-13181877.254310986,4034644.9898804692], [-13181630.130832028,4034517.5668366305],[-13181386.868657427,4034424.8955320208], [-13181228.555178719,4034652.7124891868],[-13181379.14604871,4034942.3103160923], [-13181267.168222306,4035189.4337950516],[-13181074.103004368,4035015.6750989081], [-13180807.673003616,4034934.5877073747],[-13180618.469090037,4034814.8872722536], [-13180599.162568243,4035374.7764042714],[-13181047.073873857,4035494.476839392], [-13181317.365178969,4035413.3894478586],[-13180765.198655669,4035143.0981427468], [-13180328.871263131,4034892.1133594285],[-13180270.951697765,4035258.9372735149], [-13180325.009958787,4035718.4324922049],[-13180707.279090302,4035695.2646660525], [-13181413.897788007,4035536.9511873648],[-13181618.54691902,4035807.2424924765], [-13181884.976919774,4036065.949884512],[-13182159.129529245,4035861.3007534989], [-13182174.57474668,4035668.2355355616],[-13182417.83692128,4035664.374231203], [-13182784.660835361,4035409.5281435261],[-13182997.032575091,4035255.0759691764], [-13182618.624747934,4034679.7416197238]]], \"spatialReference\":{\"wkid\":102100,\"latestWkid\":3857}}");

            // Create a simulated location data source using the mock data.
            var parameters = new SimulationParameters(DateTimeOffset.Now, 150);
            var simulatedSource = new SimulatedLocationDataSource();
            simulatedSource.SetLocationsWithPolyline(simulatedLocations, parameters);

            // Set the location data source to the simulated source.
            _locationDataSource = simulatedSource;
            // Use this instead if you want real location: _locationDataSource = new SystemLocationDataSource();

            try
            {
                // Start the data source.
                await _locationDataSource.StartAsync();

                if (_locationDataSource.IsStarted)
                {
                    // Set the location display data source and enable location display.
                    _myMapView.LocationDisplay.DataSource = _locationDataSource;
                    _myMapView.LocationDisplay.IsEnabled = true;
                    _myMapView.LocationDisplay.AutoPanMode = LocationDisplayAutoPanMode.Recenter;
                    _myMapView.LocationDisplay.InitialZoomScale = 10000;

                    // Enable the button to start location tracking.
                    _trackingToggleButton.Enabled = true;
                }
                else
                {
                    ShowMessage("There was a problem enabling location", "Error");
                }
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine(e);
                ShowMessage("There was a problem enabling location", "Error");
            }
        }

        private void ToggleLocationTracking()
        {
            // Toggle location tracking.
            _isTrackingEnabled = !_isTrackingEnabled;

            // Apply new configuration.
            if (_isTrackingEnabled)
            {
                // Configure new symbology first.
                _locationDataSource.LocationChanged += LocationDataSourceOnLocationChanged;

                // Update the UI.
                _trackingToggleButton.Text = "Stop tracking";
            }
            else
            {
                // Stop updating.
                _locationDataSource.LocationChanged -= LocationDataSourceOnLocationChanged;

                // Update the UI.
                _trackingToggleButton.Text = "Start tracking";
            }
        }

        private void LocationDataSourceOnLocationChanged(object sender, Location e)
        {
            // Remove the old line.
            _locationHistoryLineOverlay.Graphics.Clear();

            // Add any previous position to the history.
            if (_lastPosition != null)
            {
                _polylineBuilder.AddPoint(_lastPosition);
                _locationHistoryOverlay.Graphics.Add(new Graphic(_lastPosition));
            }

            // Store the current position.
            _lastPosition = e.Position;

            // Add the updated line.
            _locationHistoryLineOverlay.Graphics.Add(new Graphic(_polylineBuilder.ToGeometry()));
        }

        private void CreateLayout()
        {
            // Create a new vertical layout for the app.
            var layout = new LinearLayout(this) { Orientation = Orientation.Vertical };

            // Create and add the button.
            _trackingToggleButton = new Button(this) { Text = "Start tracking", Enabled = false };
            _trackingToggleButton.Click += TrackingToggleButtonOnClick;
            layout.AddView(_trackingToggleButton);

            // Add the map view to the layout.
            _myMapView = new MapView(this);
            layout.AddView(_myMapView);

            // Show the layout in the app.
            SetContentView(layout);
        }

        private void AskForLocationPermission()
        {
            // Only check if permission hasn't been granted yet.
            if (ContextCompat.CheckSelfPermission(this, LocationService) != Permission.Granted)
            {
                // The Fine location permission will be requested.
                var requiredPermissions = new[] { Manifest.Permission.AccessFineLocation };

                // Only prompt the user first if the system says to.
                if (ActivityCompat.ShouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this, Manifest.Permission.AccessFineLocation))
                {
                    // A snackbar is a small notice that shows on the bottom of the view.
                    Snackbar.Make(_myMapView,
                            "Location permission is needed to display location on the map.",
                            Snackbar.LengthIndefinite)
                        .SetAction("OK",
                            delegate
                            {
                                // When the user presses 'OK', the system will show the standard permission dialog.
                                // Once the user has accepted or denied, OnRequestPermissionsResult is called with the result.
                                ActivityCompat.RequestPermissions(this, requiredPermissions, LocationPermissionRequestCode);
                            }
                        ).Show();
                }
                else
                {
                    // When the user presses 'OK', the system will show the standard permission dialog.
                    // Once the user has accepted or denied, OnRequestPermissionsResult is called with the result.
                    this.RequestPermissions(requiredPermissions, LocationPermissionRequestCode);
                }
            }
            else
            {
                HandleLocationReady();
            }
        }

        public override void OnRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, string[] permissions, Permission[] grantResults)
        {
            // Ignore other location requests.
            if (requestCode != LocationPermissionRequestCode)
            {
                return;
            }

            // If the permissions were granted, enable location.
            if (grantResults.Length == 1 && grantResults[0] == Permission.Granted)
            {
                System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine("User affirmatively gave permission to use location. Enabling location.");
                try
                {
                    HandleLocationReady();
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine(ex);
                    ShowMessage(ex.Message, "Failed to start location display.");
                }
            }
            else
            {
                ShowMessage("Location permissions not granted.", "Failed to start location display.");
            }
        }

        private void TrackingToggleButtonOnClick(object sender, EventArgs e) => ToggleLocationTracking();

        private void ShowMessage(string message, string title) => new AlertDialog.Builder(this).SetTitle(title).SetMessage(message).Show();

        protected override void OnDestroy()
        {
            // Stop the location data source.
            _myMapView?.LocationDisplay?.DataSource?.StopAsync();

            base.OnDestroy();
        }
    }
}

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