Delete features (feature service)

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Delete features from an online feature service.

Image of delete features feature service

Use case

Sometimes users may want to delete features from an online feature service.

How to use the sample

To delete a feature, tap it, then tap 'Delete incident'.

How it works

  1. Create a ServiceFeatureTable object from a URL.
  2. Create a FeatureLayer object from the service feature table.
  3. Select features from the feature layer via FeatureLayer.SelectFeatures().
  4. Remove the selected features from the service feature table using ServiceFeatureTable.DeleteFeatureAsync().
  5. Update the table on the server using ServiceFeatureTable.ApplyEditsAsync().

Relevant API

  • Feature
  • FeatureLayer
  • ServiceFeatureTable

Tags

deletion, feature, online, Service, table

Sample Code

DeleteFeatures.cs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
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// Copyright 2019 Esri.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at: http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an
// "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific
// language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

using ArcGISRuntime;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Data;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Geometry;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Mapping;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.UI.Controls;
using Foundation;
using System;
using System.Linq;
using UIKit;

namespace ArcGISRuntimeXamarin.Samples.DeleteFeatures
{
    [Register("DeleteFeatures")]
    [ArcGISRuntime.Samples.Shared.Attributes.Sample(
        name: "Delete features (feature service)",
        category: "Data",
        description: "Delete features from an online feature service.",
        instructions: "To delete a feature, tap it, then tap 'Delete incident'.",
        tags: new[] { "Service", "deletion", "feature", "online", "table" })]
    public class DeleteFeatures : UIViewController
    {
        // Hold references to UI controls.
        private MapView _myMapView;

        // URL to the feature service.
        private const string FeatureServiceUrl = "https://sampleserver6.arcgisonline.com/arcgis/rest/services/DamageAssessment/FeatureServer/0";

        // Hold a reference to the feature layer.
        private FeatureLayer _damageLayer;

        public DeleteFeatures()
        {
            Title = "Delete features";
        }

        private void Initialize()
        {
            // Create the map with streets basemap.
            _myMapView.Map = new Map(BasemapStyle.ArcGISStreets);

            // Create the feature table, referring to the Damage Assessment feature service.
            ServiceFeatureTable damageTable = new ServiceFeatureTable(new Uri(FeatureServiceUrl));

            // Create a feature layer to visualize the features in the table.
            _damageLayer = new FeatureLayer(damageTable);

            // Add the layer to the map.
            _myMapView.Map.OperationalLayers.Add(_damageLayer);

            // Zoom to the United States.
            _myMapView.SetViewpointCenterAsync(new MapPoint(-10800000, 4500000, SpatialReferences.WebMercator), 3e7);
        }

        private async void MapView_Tapped(object sender, GeoViewInputEventArgs e)
        {
            // Clear any existing selection.
            _damageLayer.ClearSelection();

            // Dismiss any existing callouts.
            _myMapView.DismissCallout();

            try
            {
                // Perform an identify to determine if a user tapped on a feature.
                IdentifyLayerResult identifyResult = await _myMapView.IdentifyLayerAsync(_damageLayer, e.Position, 8, false);

                // Do nothing if there are no results.
                if (!identifyResult.GeoElements.Any())
                {
                    return;
                }

                // Otherwise, get the ID of the first result.
                long featureId = (long) identifyResult.GeoElements.First().Attributes["objectid"];

                // Get the feature by constructing a query and running it.
                QueryParameters qp = new QueryParameters();
                qp.ObjectIds.Add(featureId);
                FeatureQueryResult queryResult = await _damageLayer.FeatureTable.QueryFeaturesAsync(qp);
                Feature tappedFeature = queryResult.First();

                // Select the feature.
                _damageLayer.SelectFeature(tappedFeature);

                // Show the callout.
                ShowDeletionCallout(tappedFeature);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                ShowMessage(ex.ToString(), "There was a problem.");
            }
        }

        private void ShowDeletionCallout(Feature tappedFeature)
        {
            // Create a button for deleting the feature.
            UIButton deleteButton = new UIButton();
            deleteButton.SetTitle("Delete feature", UIControlState.Normal);
            deleteButton.SetTitleColor(View.TintColor, UIControlState.Normal);

            // Handle button clicks.
            void DeleteFeature_click(object sender, EventArgs e)
            {
                // Unsubscribe from event.
                deleteButton.TouchUpInside -= DeleteFeature_click;

                // Delete the feature.
                DeleteFeature(tappedFeature);

                // Dismiss the callout.
                _myMapView.DismissCallout();
            }

            deleteButton.TouchUpInside += DeleteFeature_click;

            // Show the callout.
            _myMapView.ShowCalloutAt((MapPoint) tappedFeature.Geometry, deleteButton);
        }

        private async void DeleteFeature(Feature featureToDelete)
        {
            try
            {
                // Delete the feature.
                await _damageLayer.FeatureTable.DeleteFeatureAsync(featureToDelete);

                // Sync the change with the service.
                ServiceFeatureTable serviceTable = (ServiceFeatureTable) _damageLayer.FeatureTable;
                await serviceTable.ApplyEditsAsync();

                // Show a message confirming the deletion.
                ShowMessage($"Deleted feature with ID {featureToDelete.Attributes["objectid"]}", "Success!");
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                ShowMessage(ex.ToString(), "Couldn't delete feature");
            }
        }

        private void ShowMessage(string message, string title)
        {
            // Create the alert controller.
            UIAlertController alertController = UIAlertController.Create(title, message, UIAlertControllerStyle.Alert);
            alertController.AddAction(UIAlertAction.Create("OK", UIAlertActionStyle.Default, null));

            // Show the alert.
            PresentViewController(alertController, true, null);
        }

        public override void ViewDidLoad()
        {
            base.ViewDidLoad();
            Initialize();
        }

        public override void LoadView()
        {
            // Create the views.
            View = new UIView() { BackgroundColor = ApplicationTheme.BackgroundColor };

            _myMapView = new MapView();
            _myMapView.TranslatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false;

            UILabel helpLabel = new UILabel
            {
                Text = "Tap to select a feature for deletion.",
                AdjustsFontSizeToFitWidth = true,
                TextAlignment = UITextAlignment.Center,
                BackgroundColor = UIColor.FromWhiteAlpha(0, .6f),
                TextColor = UIColor.White,
                Lines = 1,
                TranslatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
            };

            // Add the views.
            View.AddSubviews(_myMapView, helpLabel);

            // Lay out the views.
            NSLayoutConstraint.ActivateConstraints(new[]
            {
                _myMapView.TopAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.SafeAreaLayoutGuide.TopAnchor),
                _myMapView.BottomAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.BottomAnchor),
                _myMapView.LeadingAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.LeadingAnchor),
                _myMapView.TrailingAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.TrailingAnchor),

                helpLabel.TopAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.SafeAreaLayoutGuide.TopAnchor),
                helpLabel.LeadingAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.LeadingAnchor),
                helpLabel.TrailingAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.TrailingAnchor),
                helpLabel.HeightAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(40)
            });
        }

        public override void ViewWillAppear(bool animated)
        {
            base.ViewWillAppear(animated);

            // Subscribe to events.
            _myMapView.GeoViewTapped += MapView_Tapped;
        }

        public override void ViewDidDisappear(bool animated)
        {
            base.ViewDidDisappear(animated);

            // Unsubscribe from events, per best practice.
            _myMapView.GeoViewTapped -= MapView_Tapped;
        }
    }
}

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