Display WFS layer

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Display a layer from a WFS service, requesting only features for the current extent.

Image of display WFS layer

Use case

WFS is an open standard with functionality similar to ArcGIS feature services. Runtime support for WFS allows you to interoperate with open systems, which are often used in inter-agency efforts, like those for disaster relief.

How to use the sample

Pan and zoom to see features within the current map extent.

How it works

  1. Create a WfsFeatureTable with a URL.
  2. Create a FeatureLayer from the feature table and add it to the map.
  3. Listen for the MapView.NavigationCompleted event to detect when the user has stopped navigating the map.
  4. When the user is finished navigating, use PopulateFromServiceAsync to load the table with data for the current visible extent.

Relevant API

  • FeatureLayer
  • MapView.NavigationCompleted
  • WfsFeatureTable
  • WfsFeatureTable.PopulateFromServiceAsync

About the data

This service shows building footprints for downtown Seattle. For additional information, see the underlying service on ArcGIS Online.

Tags

browse, catalog, feature, interaction cache, layers, OGC, service, web, WFS

Sample Code

DisplayWfs.cs
                                                                                                                                                                                                 
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// Copyright 2019 Esri.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at: http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an
// "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific
// language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

using ArcGISRuntime;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Data;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Geometry;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Mapping;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Symbology;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.UI.Controls;
using Foundation;
using System;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Drawing;
using UIKit;

namespace ArcGISRuntimeXamarin.Samples.DisplayWfs
{
    [Register("DisplayWfs")]
    [ArcGISRuntime.Samples.Shared.Attributes.Sample(
        name: "Display WFS layer",
        category: "Layers",
        description: "Display a layer from a WFS service, requesting only features for the current extent.",
        instructions: "Pan and zoom to see features within the current map extent.",
        tags: new[] { "OGC", "WFS", "browse", "catalog", "feature", "interaction cache", "layers", "service", "web" })]
    public class DisplayWfs : UIViewController
    {
        // Hold references to UI controls.
        private MapView _myMapView;
        private UIActivityIndicatorView _loadingProgressBar;

        // Hold a reference to the WFS feature table.
        private WfsFeatureTable _featureTable;

        // Constants for the service URL and layer name.
        private const string ServiceUrl = "https://dservices2.arcgis.com/ZQgQTuoyBrtmoGdP/arcgis/services/Seattle_Downtown_Features/WFSServer?service=wfs&request=getcapabilities";

        // Note that the layer name is defined by the service. The layer name can be accessed via WfsLayerInfo.Name.
        private const string LayerName = "Seattle_Downtown_Features:Buildings";

        public DisplayWfs()
        {
            Title = "Display a WFS layer";
        }

        private async void Initialize()
        {
            // Create the map with topographic basemap.
            _myMapView.Map = new Map(BasemapStyle.ArcGISTopographic);

            try
            {
                // Create the feature table from URI and layer name.
                _featureTable = new WfsFeatureTable(new Uri(ServiceUrl), LayerName);

                // Set the feature request mode to manual - only manual is supported at v100.5.
                // In this mode, you must manually populate the table - panning and zooming won't request features automatically.
                _featureTable.FeatureRequestMode = FeatureRequestMode.ManualCache;

                // Load the table.
                await _featureTable.LoadAsync();

                // Create a feature layer to visualize the WFS features.
                FeatureLayer wfsFeatureLayer = new FeatureLayer(_featureTable);

                // Apply a renderer.
                wfsFeatureLayer.Renderer = new SimpleRenderer(new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbolStyle.Solid, Color.Red, 3));

                // Add the layer to the map.
                _myMapView.Map.OperationalLayers.Add(wfsFeatureLayer);

                // Zoom to a small area within the dataset by default.
                MapPoint topLeft = new MapPoint(-122.341581, 47.617207, SpatialReferences.Wgs84);
                MapPoint bottomRight = new MapPoint(-122.332662, 47.613758, SpatialReferences.Wgs84);
                await _myMapView.SetViewpointGeometryAsync(new Envelope(topLeft, bottomRight));

                UpdateForExtent();
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                new UIAlertView("Couldn't load sample.", e.ToString(), (IUIAlertViewDelegate) null, "OK", null).Show();
                Debug.WriteLine(e);
            }
        }

        private void MapView_NavigationCompleted(object sender, EventArgs e) => UpdateForExtent();

        private async void UpdateForExtent()
        {
            // Show the loading bar.
            _loadingProgressBar.StartAnimating();

            // Get the current extent.
            Envelope currentExtent = _myMapView.VisibleArea.Extent;

            // Create a query based on the current visible extent.
            QueryParameters visibleExtentQuery = new QueryParameters();
            visibleExtentQuery.Geometry = currentExtent;
            visibleExtentQuery.SpatialRelationship = SpatialRelationship.Intersects;

            try
            {
                // Populate the table with the query, leaving existing table entries intact.
                // Setting outFields to null requests all features.
                await _featureTable.PopulateFromServiceAsync(visibleExtentQuery, false, null);
            }
            catch (Exception exception)
            {
                new UIAlertView("Couldn't populate table", exception.ToString(), (IUIAlertViewDelegate) null, "OK", null).Show();
                Debug.WriteLine(exception);
            }
            finally
            {
                // Hide the loading bar.
                _loadingProgressBar.StopAnimating();
            }
        }

        public override void LoadView()
        {
            // Create the views.
            View = new UIView() { BackgroundColor = ApplicationTheme.BackgroundColor };

            _myMapView = new MapView();
            _myMapView.TranslatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false;

            _loadingProgressBar = new UIActivityIndicatorView(UIActivityIndicatorViewStyle.WhiteLarge)
            {
                HidesWhenStopped = true,
                BackgroundColor = UIColor.FromWhiteAlpha(0, .6f),
                TranslatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
            };

            UILabel helpLabel = new UILabel
            {
                Text = "Pan and zoom to see features.",
                AdjustsFontSizeToFitWidth = true,
                TextAlignment = UITextAlignment.Center,
                BackgroundColor = UIColor.FromWhiteAlpha(0, .6f),
                TextColor = UIColor.White,
                Lines = 1,
                TranslatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
            };

            // Add the views.
            View.AddSubviews(_myMapView, helpLabel, _loadingProgressBar);

            // Lay out the views.
            NSLayoutConstraint.ActivateConstraints(new[]
            {
                _myMapView.TopAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.SafeAreaLayoutGuide.TopAnchor),
                _myMapView.BottomAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.BottomAnchor),
                _myMapView.LeadingAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.LeadingAnchor),
                _myMapView.TrailingAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.TrailingAnchor),
                helpLabel.TopAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(_myMapView.TopAnchor),
                helpLabel.LeadingAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.LeadingAnchor),
                helpLabel.TrailingAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.TrailingAnchor),
                helpLabel.HeightAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(40),
                _loadingProgressBar.TopAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(helpLabel.BottomAnchor),
                _loadingProgressBar.LeadingAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.LeadingAnchor),
                _loadingProgressBar.TrailingAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.TrailingAnchor),
                _loadingProgressBar.HeightAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(40)
            });
        }

        public override void ViewDidLoad()
        {
            base.ViewDidLoad();
            Initialize();
        }

        public override void ViewWillAppear(bool animated)
        {
            base.ViewWillAppear(animated);

            // Subscribe to events.
            _myMapView.NavigationCompleted += MapView_NavigationCompleted;
        }

        public override void ViewDidDisappear(bool animated)
        {
            base.ViewDidDisappear(animated);

            // Unsubscribe from events, per best practice.
            _myMapView.NavigationCompleted -= MapView_NavigationCompleted;
        }
    }
}

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