Find closest facility to multiple incidents (service)

View inWPFUWPFormsiOSAndroid
View on GitHub

Find routes from several locations to the respective closest facility.

Image of find closest facility to multiple incidents service

Use case

Quickly and accurately determining the most efficient route between a location and a facility is a frequently encountered task. For example, a city's fire department may need to know which fire stations in the vicinity offer the quickest routes to multiple fires. Solving for the closest fire station to the fire's location using an impedance of "travel time" would provide this information.

How to use the sample

Tap the button to solve and display the route from each incident (fire) to the nearest facility (fire station).

How it works

  1. Create a ClosestFacilityTask using a URL from an online service.
  2. Get the default set of ClosestFacilityParameters from the task: closestFacilityTask.CreateDefaultParametersAsync().
  3. Build a list of all Facilities and Incidents:

    • Create a FeatureTable using ServiceFeatureTable(Uri).
    • Query the FeatureTable for all Features using QueryFeaturesAsync(queryParameters).
    • Iterate over the result and add each Feature to the List, instantiating the feature as a Facility or Incident.
  4. Add a list of all facilities to the task parameters.
  5. Add a list of all incidents to the task parameters.
  6. Get ClosestFacilityResult by solving the task with the provided parameters.
  7. Find the closest facility for each incident by iterating over the list of Incidents.
  8. Display the route as a Graphic using the closestFacilityRoute.RouteGeometry.

Relevant API

  • ClosestFacilityParameters
  • ClosestFacilityResult
  • ClosestFacilityRoute
  • ClosestFacilityTask
  • Facility
  • Graphic
  • GraphicsOverlay
  • Incident

Tags

incident, network analysis, route, search

Sample Code

ClosestFacilityStatic.cs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
// Copyright 2018 Esri.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at: http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an
// "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific
// language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Linq;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Data;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Geometry;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Mapping;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Symbology;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Tasks.NetworkAnalysis;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.UI;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.UI.Controls;
using Foundation;
using UIKit;

namespace ArcGISRuntime.Samples.ClosestFacilityStatic
{
    [Register("ClosestFacilityStatic")]
    [ArcGISRuntime.Samples.Shared.Attributes.Sample(
        name: "Find closest facility to multiple incidents (service)",
        category: "Network analysis",
        description: "Find routes from several locations to the respective closest facility.",
        instructions: "Tap the button to solve and display the route from each incident (fire) to the nearest facility (fire station).",
        tags: new[] { "incident", "network analysis", "route", "search" })]
    public class ClosestFacilityStatic : UIViewController
    {
        // Hold references to UI controls.
        private MapView _myMapView;
        private UIBarButtonItem _solveRoutesButton;
        private UIBarButtonItem _resetButton;

        // Used to display route between incident and facility to mapview.
        private List<SimpleLineSymbol> _routeSymbols;

        // Solves task to find closest route between an incident and a facility.
        private ClosestFacilityTask _task;

        // Table of all facilities.
        private ServiceFeatureTable _facilityTable;

        // Table of all incidents.
        private ServiceFeatureTable _incidentTable;

        // Feature layer for facilities.
        private FeatureLayer _facilityLayer;

        // Feature layer for incidents.
        private FeatureLayer _incidentLayer;

        // Uri for facilities feature service.
        private readonly Uri _facilityUri = new Uri("https://services2.arcgis.com/ZQgQTuoyBrtmoGdP/ArcGIS/rest/services/San_Diego_Facilities/FeatureServer/0");

        // Uri for incident feature service.
        private readonly Uri _incidentUri = new Uri("https://services2.arcgis.com/ZQgQTuoyBrtmoGdP/ArcGIS/rest/services/San_Diego_Incidents/FeatureServer/0");

        // Uri for the closest facility service.
        private readonly Uri _closestFacilityUri = new Uri("https://sampleserver6.arcgisonline.com/arcgis/rest/services/NetworkAnalysis/SanDiego/NAServer/ClosestFacility");

        public ClosestFacilityStatic()
        {
            Title = "Closest facility (static)";
        }

        private async void Initialize()
        {
            try
            {
                // Construct the map and set the MapView.Map property.
                _myMapView.Map = new Map(BasemapStyle.ArcGISLightGray);

                // Add a graphics overlay to MyMapView. (Will be used later to display routes)
                _myMapView.GraphicsOverlays.Add(new GraphicsOverlay());

                // Create a ClosestFacilityTask using the San Diego Uri.
                _task = await ClosestFacilityTask.CreateAsync(_closestFacilityUri);

                // Create a symbol for displaying facilities.
                PictureMarkerSymbol facilitySymbol = new PictureMarkerSymbol(new Uri("https://static.arcgis.com/images/Symbols/SafetyHealth/FireStation.png"))
                {
                    Height = 30,
                    Width = 30
                };

                // Incident symbol.
                PictureMarkerSymbol incidentSymbol = new PictureMarkerSymbol(new Uri("https://static.arcgis.com/images/Symbols/SafetyHealth/esriCrimeMarker_56_Gradient.png"))
                {
                    Height = 30,
                    Width = 30
                };

                // Create a list of line symbols to show unique routes. Different colors help make different routes visually distinguishable.
                _routeSymbols = new List<SimpleLineSymbol>
                {
                    new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbolStyle.Solid, Color.FromArgb(125, 25, 45, 85), 5.0f),
                    new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbolStyle.Solid, Color.FromArgb(125, 35, 65, 120), 5.0f),
                    new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbolStyle.Solid, Color.FromArgb(125, 55, 100, 190), 5.0f),
                    new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbolStyle.Solid, Color.FromArgb(125, 75, 140, 255), 5.0f)
                };

                // Create a table for facilities using the FeatureServer.
                _facilityTable = new ServiceFeatureTable(_facilityUri);

                // Create a feature layer from the table.
                _facilityLayer = new FeatureLayer(_facilityTable)
                {
                    Renderer = new SimpleRenderer(facilitySymbol)
                };

                // Create a table for facilities using the FeatureServer.
                _incidentTable = new ServiceFeatureTable(_incidentUri);

                // Create a feature layer from the table.
                _incidentLayer = new FeatureLayer(_incidentTable)
                {
                    Renderer = new SimpleRenderer(incidentSymbol)
                };

                // Add the layers to the map.
                _myMapView.Map.OperationalLayers.Add(_facilityLayer);
                _myMapView.Map.OperationalLayers.Add(_incidentLayer);

                // Wait for both layers to load.
                await _facilityLayer.LoadAsync();
                await _incidentLayer.LoadAsync();

                // Zoom to the combined extent of both layers.
                Envelope fullExtent = GeometryEngine.CombineExtents(_facilityLayer.FullExtent, _incidentLayer.FullExtent);
                await _myMapView.SetViewpointGeometryAsync(fullExtent, 50);

                // Enable the solve button.
                _solveRoutesButton.Enabled = true;
            }
            catch (Exception exception)
            {
                CreateErrorDialog("An exception has occurred.\n" + exception.Message);
            }
        }

        private async void SolveRoutesButton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            // Holds locations of hospitals around San Diego.
            List<Facility> facilities = new List<Facility>();

            // Holds locations of hospitals around San Diego.
            List<Incident> incidents = new List<Incident>();

            // Create query parameters to select all features.
            QueryParameters queryParams = new QueryParameters
            {
                WhereClause = "1=1"
            };

            // Query all features in the facility table.
            FeatureQueryResult facilityResult = await _facilityTable.QueryFeaturesAsync(queryParams);

            // Add all of the query results to facilities as new Facility objects.
            facilities.AddRange(facilityResult.ToList().Select(feature => new Facility((MapPoint) feature.Geometry)));

            // Query all features in the incident table.
            FeatureQueryResult incidentResult = await _incidentTable.QueryFeaturesAsync(queryParams);

            // Add all of the query results to facilities as new Incident objects.
            incidents.AddRange(incidentResult.ToList().Select(feature => new Incident((MapPoint) feature.Geometry)));

            // Set facilities and incident in parameters.
            ClosestFacilityParameters closestFacilityParameters = await _task.CreateDefaultParametersAsync();
            closestFacilityParameters.SetFacilities(facilities);
            closestFacilityParameters.SetIncidents(incidents);

            try
            {
                // Use the task to solve for the closest facility.
                ClosestFacilityResult result = await _task.SolveClosestFacilityAsync(closestFacilityParameters);

                for (int i = 0; i < incidents.Count; i++)
                {
                    // Get the index of the closest facility to incident. (i) is the index of the incident, [0] is the index of the closest facility.
                    int closestFacility = result.GetRankedFacilityIndexes(i)[0];

                    // Get the route to the closest facility.
                    ClosestFacilityRoute route = result.GetRoute(closestFacility, i);

                    // Display the route on the graphics overlay.
                    _myMapView.GraphicsOverlays[0].Graphics.Add(new Graphic(route.RouteGeometry, _routeSymbols[i % _routeSymbols.Count]));
                }

                // Disable the solve button.
                _solveRoutesButton.Enabled = false;

                // Enable the reset button.
                _resetButton.Enabled = true;
            }
            catch (Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Http.ArcGISWebException exception)
            {
                CreateErrorDialog("An ArcGIS web exception occurred.\n" + exception.Message);
            }
        }

        private void ResetButton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            // Clear the route graphics.
            _myMapView.GraphicsOverlays[0].Graphics.Clear();

            // Reset the buttons.
            _solveRoutesButton.Enabled = true;
            _resetButton.Enabled = false;
        }

        private void CreateErrorDialog(string message)
        {
            // Create Alert.
            UIAlertController okAlertController = UIAlertController.Create("Error", message, UIAlertControllerStyle.Alert);

            // Add Action.
            okAlertController.AddAction(UIAlertAction.Create("OK", UIAlertActionStyle.Default, null));

            // Present Alert.
            PresentViewController(okAlertController, true, null);
        }

        public override void ViewDidLoad()
        {
            base.ViewDidLoad();
            Initialize();
        }

        public override void LoadView()
        {
            // Create the views.
            View = new UIView {BackgroundColor = ApplicationTheme.BackgroundColor};

            _myMapView = new MapView();
            _myMapView.TranslatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false;

            _solveRoutesButton = new UIBarButtonItem();
            _solveRoutesButton.Title = "Solve routes";
            _solveRoutesButton.Enabled = false;

            _resetButton = new UIBarButtonItem();
            _resetButton.Title = "Reset";
            _resetButton.Enabled = false;

            UIToolbar toolbar = new UIToolbar();
            toolbar.TranslatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false;
            toolbar.Items = new[]
            {
                _solveRoutesButton,
                new UIBarButtonItem(UIBarButtonSystemItem.FlexibleSpace),
                _resetButton
            };

            // Add the views.
            View.AddSubviews(_myMapView, toolbar);

            // Lay out the views.
            NSLayoutConstraint.ActivateConstraints(new[]
            {
                _myMapView.TopAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.SafeAreaLayoutGuide.TopAnchor),
                _myMapView.LeadingAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.LeadingAnchor),
                _myMapView.TrailingAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.TrailingAnchor),
                _myMapView.BottomAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(toolbar.TopAnchor),

                toolbar.BottomAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.SafeAreaLayoutGuide.BottomAnchor),
                toolbar.LeadingAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.LeadingAnchor),
                toolbar.TrailingAnchor.ConstraintEqualTo(View.TrailingAnchor),
            });
        }

        public override void ViewWillAppear(bool animated)
        {
            base.ViewWillAppear(animated);

            // Subscribe to events.
            _solveRoutesButton.Clicked += SolveRoutesButton_Click;
            _resetButton.Clicked += ResetButton_Click;
        }

        public override void ViewDidDisappear(bool animated)
        {
            base.ViewDidDisappear(animated);

            // Unsubscribe from events, per best practice.
            _solveRoutesButton.Clicked -= SolveRoutesButton_Click;
            _resetButton.Clicked -= ResetButton_Click;
        }
    }
}

Your browser is no longer supported. Please upgrade your browser for the best experience. See our browser deprecation post for more details.