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ArcGIS Runtime SDK for .NET

Find closest facility to an incident (interactive)

This code sample is available for these platforms:
View Sample on GitHub

Find a route to the closest facility from a location.

Image of find closest facility to an incident interactive

Use case

Quickly and accurately determining the most efficient route between a location and a facility is a frequently encountered task. For example, a paramedic may need to know which hospital in the vicinity offers the possibility of getting an ambulance patient critical medical care in the shortest amount of time. Solving for the closest hospital to the ambulance's location using an impedance of "travel time" would provide this information.

How to use the sample

Tap near any of the hospitals and a route will be displayed from that clicked location to the nearest hospital.

How it works

  1. Create a ClosestFacilityTask using a Url from an online network analysis service.
  2. Get ClosestFacilityParameters from task, task.CreateDefaultParametersAsync()
  3. Add facilities to parameters, closestFacilityParameters.Facilities.AddAll(facilities).
  4. Add the incident to parameters, closestFacilityParametersIncidents.
  5. Get ClosestFacilityResult from solving task with parameters, task.SolveClosestFacilityAsync(facilityParameters)
  6. Get index list of closet facilities to incident, facilityResult.RankedFacilities[0]
  7. Get index of closest facility, rankedFacilitiesList[0]
  8. Find closest facility route, facilityResult.Route(closestFacilityIndex, IncidentIndex)
  9. Display route to MapView:
    • Create Graphic from route geometry, new Graphic(route.RouteGeometry)
    • Add graphic to GraphicsOverlay which is attached to the mapview

Relevant API

  • ClosestFacilityParameters
  • ClosestFacilityResult
  • ClosestFacilityRoute
  • ClosestFacilityTask
  • Facility
  • Graphic
  • GraphicsOverlay
  • Incident
  • MapView


incident, network analysis, route, search

Sample Code

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<ContentPage xmlns=""
        <esriUI:MapView x:Name="MyMapView" />
// Copyright 2018 Esri.
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at:
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an
// "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific
// language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Geometry;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Mapping;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Symbology;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Tasks.NetworkAnalysis;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.UI;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using Xamarin.Forms;
using Color = System.Drawing.Color;

namespace ArcGISRuntime.Samples.ClosestFacility
        name: "Find closest facility to an incident (interactive)",
        category: "Network analysis",
        description: "Find a route to the closest facility from a location.",
        instructions: "Tap near any of the hospitals and a route will be displayed from that clicked location to the nearest hospital.",
        tags: new[] { "incident", "network analysis", "route", "search" })]
    public partial class ClosestFacility
        // Holds locations of hospitals around San Diego.
        private List<Facility> _facilities;

        // Graphics overlays for facilities and incidents.
        private GraphicsOverlay _facilityGraphicsOverlay;

        // Symbol for facilities.
        private PictureMarkerSymbol _facilitySymbol;

        // Overlay for the incident.
        private GraphicsOverlay _incidentGraphicsOverlay;

        // Black cross where user clicked.
        private MapPoint _incidentPoint;

        // Symbol for the incident.
        private SimpleMarkerSymbol _incidentSymbol;

        // Used to display route between incident and facility to mapview.
        private SimpleLineSymbol _routeSymbol;

        // Solves task to find closest route between an incident and a facility.
        private ClosestFacilityTask _task;

        public ClosestFacility()

            // Create the map and graphics overlays.

        private async void Initialize()
            // Hook up the DrawStatusChanged event.
            MyMapView.DrawStatusChanged += OnDrawStatusChanged;

            // Construct the map and set the MapView.Map property.
            Map map = new Map(Basemap.CreateLightGrayCanvasVector());
            MyMapView.Map = map;

                // Create a ClosestFacilityTask using the San Diego Uri.
                _task = await ClosestFacilityTask.CreateAsync(new Uri(""));

                // List of facilities to be placed around San Diego area.
                _facilities = new List<Facility> {
                    new Facility(new MapPoint(-1.3042129900625112E7, 3860127.9479775648, SpatialReferences.WebMercator)),
                    new Facility(new MapPoint(-1.3042193400557665E7, 3862448.873041752, SpatialReferences.WebMercator)),
                    new Facility(new MapPoint(-1.3046882875518233E7, 3862704.9896770366, SpatialReferences.WebMercator)),
                    new Facility(new MapPoint(-1.3040539754780494E7, 3862924.5938606677, SpatialReferences.WebMercator)),
                    new Facility(new MapPoint(-1.3042571225655518E7, 3858981.773018156, SpatialReferences.WebMercator)),
                    new Facility(new MapPoint(-1.3039784633928463E7, 3856692.5980474586, SpatialReferences.WebMercator)),
                    new Facility(new MapPoint(-1.3049023883956768E7, 3861993.789732541, SpatialReferences.WebMercator))

                // Center the map on the San Diego facilities.
                Envelope fullExtent = GeometryEngine.CombineExtents(_facilities.Select(facility => facility.Geometry));
                await MyMapView.SetViewpointGeometryAsync(fullExtent, 50);

                // Create a symbol for displaying facilities.
                _facilitySymbol = new PictureMarkerSymbol(new Uri(""))
                    Height = 30,
                    Width = 30

                // Incident symbol.
                _incidentSymbol = new SimpleMarkerSymbol(SimpleMarkerSymbolStyle.Cross, Color.FromArgb(255, 0, 0, 0), 30);

                // Route to hospital symbol.
                _routeSymbol = new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbolStyle.Solid, Color.FromArgb(255, 0, 0, 255), 5.0f);

                // Create Graphics Overlays for incidents and facilities.
                _incidentGraphicsOverlay = new GraphicsOverlay();
                _facilityGraphicsOverlay = new GraphicsOverlay();

                // Create a graphic and add to graphics overlay for each facility.
                foreach (Facility facility in _facilities)
                    _facilityGraphicsOverlay.Graphics.Add(new Graphic(facility.Geometry, _facilitySymbol));

                // Add each graphics overlay to MyMapView.
            catch (Exception e)
                await Application.Current.MainPage.DisplayAlert("Error", e.ToString(), "OK");

        private void OnDrawStatusChanged(object sender, DrawStatusChangedEventArgs e)
            if (e.Status == DrawStatus.Completed)
                // Link the action of tapping on the map with the MyMapView_GeoViewTapped method.
                MyMapView.GeoViewTapped += MyMapView_GeoViewTapped;

                // Remove this method from DrawStatusChanged events.
                MyMapView.DrawStatusChanged -= OnDrawStatusChanged;

        private void MyMapView_GeoViewTapped(object sender, Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Xamarin.Forms.GeoViewInputEventArgs e)
            // Clear any prior incident and routes from the graphics.

            // Get the tapped point.
            _incidentPoint = e.Location;

            // Populate the facility parameters than solve using the task.

        private async void PopulateParametersAndSolveRouteAsync()
                // Set facilities and incident in parameters.
                ClosestFacilityParameters closestFacilityParameters = await _task.CreateDefaultParametersAsync();
                closestFacilityParameters.SetIncidents(new List<Incident> { new Incident(_incidentPoint) });

                // Use the task to solve for the closest facility.
                ClosestFacilityResult result = await _task.SolveClosestFacilityAsync(closestFacilityParameters);

                // Get the index of the closest facility to incident. (0) is the index of the incident, [0] is the index of the closest facility.
                int closestFacility = result.GetRankedFacilityIndexes(0)[0];

                // Get route from closest facility to the incident and display to mapview.
                ClosestFacilityRoute route = result.GetRoute(closestFacility, 0);

                // Add graphics for the incident and route.
                _incidentGraphicsOverlay.Graphics.Add(new Graphic(_incidentPoint, _incidentSymbol));
                _incidentGraphicsOverlay.Graphics.Add(new Graphic(route.RouteGeometry, _routeSymbol));
            catch (Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Http.ArcGISWebException exception)
                if (exception.Message.Equals("Unable to complete operation."))
                    await Application.Current.MainPage.DisplayAlert("Error", "Incident not within San Diego area!", "OK");
                    await Application.Current.MainPage.DisplayAlert("Error", "An ArcGIS web exception occurred. \n" + exception.Message, "OK");