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ClosestFacilityTask Class

Class that represents a task that can find the closest facilities around any location (incidents) on a network.
Inheritance Hierarchy

Namespace:  Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Tasks.NetworkAnalysis
Assembly:  Esri.ArcGISRuntime (in Esri.ArcGISRuntime.dll) Version: 100.11.0
public sealed class ClosestFacilityTask : IApiKeyResource

The ClosestFacilityTask type exposes the following members.

Public propertyApiKey
Gets or sets the unique key generated from ArcGIS Developers website.
Public propertyClosestFacilityTaskInfo
Gets closest facility task info.
Public propertyCredential
Gets or sets the security credential used to access the remote service.
Public propertyTransportationNetworkDataset
Gets transportation network dataset.
Public propertyUri
Gets the Uri of the online ArcGIS Network Analyst service.
Public methodStatic memberCreateAsync(TransportationNetworkDataset)
Initializes a new instance of the ClosestFacilityTask class from a transportation network dataset.
Public methodStatic memberCreateAsync(String, String)
Initializes a new instance of the ClosestFacilityTask class from a local geodatabase.
Public methodStatic memberCode exampleCreateAsync(Uri, Credential)
Creates a closest facility task with the specified URL.
Public methodStatic memberCreateAsync(Uri, String)
Creates a closest facility task with the specified URL.
Public methodCode exampleCreateDefaultParametersAsync
Creates default parameters as defined by the service.
Public methodCode exampleSolveClosestFacilityAsync
Solves a closest facility task based on the specified parameters.
The closest facility task uses a transportation network to measure the cost of traveling between incidents and facilities and determines which are nearest to one other. Finding the closest hospital to an accident, the closest police cars to a crime scene, and the closest store to a customer's address are all examples of closest facility problems. When finding closest facilities, you can specify how many to find and whether the direction of travel is toward or away from them. Once you've found the closest facilities, you can display the best route to or from them, return the travel cost for each route, and display directions to each facility. Additionally, you can specify an impedance cutoff beyond which the task should not search for a facility. For instance, you can set up a closest facility problem to search for hospitals within 15 minutes drive time of the site of an accident. Any hospitals that take longer than 15 minutes to reach will not be included in the results. The task can be created for an ArcGIS Network Analyst service hosted in the cloud on ArcGIS Online or on-premises with ArcGIS Server.


Example Name: ClosestFacilityStatic

Find routes from several locations to the respective closest facility.

Code example screen shot.

// Copyright 2018 Esri.
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at:
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an
// "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific
// language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Data;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Geometry;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Mapping;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Symbology;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Tasks.NetworkAnalysis;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.UI;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Linq;

namespace ArcGISRuntime.WPF.Samples.ClosestFacilityStatic
        name: "Find closest facility to multiple incidents (service)",
        category: "Network analysis",
        description: "Find routes from several locations to the respective closest facility.",
        instructions: "Click the button to solve and display the route from each incident (fire) to the nearest facility (fire station).",
        tags: new[] { "incident", "network analysis", "route", "search" })]
    public partial class ClosestFacilityStatic
        // Used to display route between incident and facility to mapview.
        private List<SimpleLineSymbol> _routeSymbols;

        // Solves task to find closest route between an incident and a facility.
        private ClosestFacilityTask _task;

        // Table of all facilities.
        private ServiceFeatureTable _facilityTable;

        // Table of all incidents.
        private ServiceFeatureTable _incidentTable;

        // Feature layer for facilities.
        private FeatureLayer _facilityLayer;

        // Feature layer for incidents.
        private FeatureLayer _incidentLayer;

        // Uri for facilities feature service.
        private Uri _facilityUri = new Uri("");

        // Uri for incident feature service.
        private Uri _incidentUri = new Uri("");

        // Uri for the closest facility service.
        private Uri _closestFacilityUri = new Uri("");

        public ClosestFacilityStatic()

            // Create the map and graphics overlays.

        private async void Initialize()
                // Construct the map and set the MapView.Map property.
                MyMapView.Map = new Map(BasemapStyle.ArcGISLightGray);

                // Add a graphics overlay to MyMapView. (Will be used later to display routes)
                MyMapView.GraphicsOverlays.Add(new GraphicsOverlay());

                // Create a ClosestFacilityTask using the San Diego Uri.
                _task = await ClosestFacilityTask.CreateAsync(_closestFacilityUri);

                // Create a symbol for displaying facilities.
                PictureMarkerSymbol facilitySymbol = new PictureMarkerSymbol(new Uri(""))
                    Height = 30,
                    Width = 30

                // Incident symbol.
                PictureMarkerSymbol incidentSymbol = new PictureMarkerSymbol(new Uri(""))
                    Height = 30,
                    Width = 30

                // Create a list of line symbols to show unique routes. Different colors help make different routes visually distinguishable.
                _routeSymbols = new List<SimpleLineSymbol>()
                    new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbolStyle.Solid, Color.FromArgb(125, 25, 45, 85), 5.0f),
                    new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbolStyle.Solid, Color.FromArgb(125, 35, 65, 120), 5.0f),
                    new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbolStyle.Solid, Color.FromArgb(125, 55, 100, 190), 5.0f),
                    new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbolStyle.Solid, Color.FromArgb(125, 75, 140, 255), 5.0f)

                // Create a table for facilities using the FeatureServer.
                _facilityTable = new ServiceFeatureTable(_facilityUri);

                // Create a feature layer from the table.
                _facilityLayer = new FeatureLayer(_facilityTable)
                    Renderer = new SimpleRenderer(facilitySymbol)

                // Create a table for facilities using the FeatureServer.
                _incidentTable = new ServiceFeatureTable(_incidentUri);

                // Create a feature layer from the table.
                _incidentLayer = new FeatureLayer(_incidentTable)
                    Renderer = new SimpleRenderer(incidentSymbol)

                // Add the layers to the map.

                // Wait for both layers to load.
                await _facilityLayer.LoadAsync();
                await _incidentLayer.LoadAsync();

                // Zoom to the combined extent of both layers.
                Envelope fullExtent = GeometryEngine.CombineExtents(_facilityLayer.FullExtent, _incidentLayer.FullExtent);
                await MyMapView.SetViewpointGeometryAsync(fullExtent, 50);

                // Enable the solve button.
                SolveRoutesButton.IsEnabled = true;
            catch (Exception exception)
                System.Windows.MessageBox.Show("An exception has occurred.\n" + exception.Message, "Sample error");

        private async void SolveRoutesClick(object sender, EventArgs e)
            // Holds locations of hospitals around San Diego.
            List<Facility> facilities = new List<Facility>();

            // Holds locations of hospitals around San Diego.
            List<Incident> incidents = new List<Incident>();

            // Create query parameters to select all features.
            QueryParameters queryParams = new QueryParameters()
                WhereClause = "1=1"

            // Query all features in the facility table.
            FeatureQueryResult facilityResult = await _facilityTable.QueryFeaturesAsync(queryParams);

            // Add all of the query results to facilities as new Facility objects.
            facilities.AddRange(facilityResult.ToList().Select(feature => new Facility((MapPoint)feature.Geometry)));

            // Query all features in the incident table.
            FeatureQueryResult incidentResult = await _incidentTable.QueryFeaturesAsync(queryParams);

            // Add all of the query results to facilities as new Incident objects.
            incidents.AddRange(incidentResult.ToList().Select(feature => new Incident((MapPoint)feature.Geometry)));

            // Set facilities and incident in parameters.
            ClosestFacilityParameters closestFacilityParameters = await _task.CreateDefaultParametersAsync();

                // Use the task to solve for the closest facility.
                ClosestFacilityResult result = await _task.SolveClosestFacilityAsync(closestFacilityParameters);

                for (int i = 0; i < incidents.Count; i++)
                    // Get the index of the closest facility to incident. (i) is the index of the incident, [0] is the index of the closest facility.
                    int closestFacility = result.GetRankedFacilityIndexes(i)[0];

                    // Get the route to the closest facility.
                    ClosestFacilityRoute route = result.GetRoute(closestFacility, i);

                    // Display the route on the graphics overlay.
                    MyMapView.GraphicsOverlays[0].Graphics.Add(new Graphic(route.RouteGeometry, _routeSymbols[i % _routeSymbols.Count]));

                // Disable the solve button.
                SolveRoutesButton.IsEnabled = false;

                // Enable the reset button.
                ResetButton.IsEnabled = true;
            catch (Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Http.ArcGISWebException exception)
                System.Windows.MessageBox.Show("An ArcGIS web exception occurred.\n" + exception.Message, "Sample error");

        private void ResetClick(object sender, EventArgs e)
            // Clear the route graphics.

            // Reset the buttons.
            SolveRoutesButton.IsEnabled = true;
            ResetButton.IsEnabled = false;
<UserControl x:Class="ArcGISRuntime.WPF.Samples.ClosestFacilityStatic.ClosestFacilityStatic"
            <esri:MapView x:Name="MyMapView" />
            <Border Style="{StaticResource BorderStyle}">
                    <Button x:Name="SolveRoutesButton"
                        Content="Solve Routes"
                        Click="SolveRoutesClick" />
                    <Button x:Name="ResetButton"
                        Click="ResetClick" />
See Also
Additional Examples
Hyperlink to ExampleDescription
ClosestFacilityFind a route to the closest facility from a location.
ClosestFacilityStaticFind routes from several locations to the respective closest facility.