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View Map navigation tools sample in sandbox
Map navigation tools


This sample shows how you can use the navigation toolbar included with the ArcGIS JavaScript API to create pan, zoom, and other navigation buttons.

The toolbar is not a user interface component that you add to the map. Instead, it's a helper class that saves you the work of drawing zoom boxes, capturing mouse click coordinates, and so on. As a result, this sample contains very little code.

The buttons that you see are Dojo dijits. Each activates a different method on the toolbar. You can use whatever text or icons you want for the buttons; the important thing is that you call the correct method on each button. Here's the code for the Zoom Out button:

<div dojoType="dijit.form.Button" id="zoomout" iconClass="zoomoutIcon" onClick="navToolbar.activate(esri.toolbars.Navigation.ZOOM_OUT);">Zoom Out</div>

Some logic is still required to determine if the Previous and Next extent buttons should be available. This is included in the function extentHistoryChangedHandler:

dijit.byId("zoomprev").disabled = navToolbar.isFirstExtent();
.byId("zoomnext").disabled = navToolbar.isLastExtent();

These lines ensure the Previous button is disabled if no previous extent is available (isFirstExtent = true), and the Next button is disabled if no next extent is available (isLastExtent = true).


<!DOCTYPE html>
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1, maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=no">
    <title>Navigation toolbar</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://js.arcgis.com/3.22/esri/css/esri.css">
      @import "https://js.arcgis.com/3.22/dijit/themes/claro/claro.css";

      .zoominIcon {
        background-image: url(images/nav_zoomin.png);
        width: 16px;
        height: 16px;

      .zoomoutIcon {
        background-image: url(images/nav_zoomout.png);
        width: 16px;
        height: 16px;

      .zoomfullextIcon {
        background-image: url(images/nav_fullextent.png);
        width: 16px;
        height: 16px;

      .zoomprevIcon {
        background-image: url(images/nav_previous.png);
        width: 16px;
        height: 16px;

      .zoomnextIcon {
        background-image: url(images/nav_next.png);
        width: 16px;
        height: 16px;

      .panIcon {
        background-image: url(images/nav_pan.png);
        width: 16px;
        height: 16px;

      .deactivateIcon {
        background-image: url(images/nav_decline.png);
        width: 16px;
        height: 16px;
    <script src="https://js.arcgis.com/3.22/"></script>
      var map;

        function (Map, Navigation, on, parser, registry) {


          var navToolbar;

          map = new Map("map", {
            basemap: "satellite",
            center: [-56.953, 57.472],
            zoom: 3

          navToolbar = new Navigation(map);
          on(navToolbar, "onExtentHistoryChange", extentHistoryChangeHandler);

          registry.byId("zoomin").on("click", function () {

          registry.byId("zoomout").on("click", function () {

          registry.byId("zoomfullext").on("click", function () {

          registry.byId("zoomprev").on("click", function () {

          registry.byId("zoomnext").on("click", function () {

          registry.byId("pan").on("click", function () {

          registry.byId("deactivate").on("click", function () {

          function extentHistoryChangeHandler () {
            registry.byId("zoomprev").disabled = navToolbar.isFirstExtent();
            registry.byId("zoomnext").disabled = navToolbar.isLastExtent();

  <body class="claro">
    <div id="navToolbar" data-dojo-type="dijit/Toolbar">
      <div data-dojo-type="dijit/form/Button" id="zoomin"  data-dojo-props="iconClass:'zoominIcon'">Zoom In</div>
      <div data-dojo-type="dijit/form/Button" id="zoomout" data-dojo-props="iconClass:'zoomoutIcon'">Zoom Out</div>
      <div data-dojo-type="dijit/form/Button" id="zoomfullext" data-dojo-props="iconClass:'zoomfullextIcon'">Full Extent</div>
      <div data-dojo-type="dijit/form/Button" id="zoomprev" data-dojo-props="iconClass:'zoomprevIcon'">Prev Extent</div>
      <div data-dojo-type="dijit/form/Button" id="zoomnext" data-dojo-props="iconClass:'zoomnextIcon'">Next Extent</div>
      <div data-dojo-type="dijit/form/Button" id="pan" data-dojo-props="iconClass:'panIcon'">Pan</div>
      <div data-dojo-type="dijit/form/Button" id="deactivate" data-dojo-props="iconClass:'deactivateIcon'">Deactivate</div>

    <div id="map" style="width:100%; height:512px;"></div>