AMD: require(["esri/smartMapping/renderers/heatmap"], (heatmapRendererCreator) => { /* code goes here */ });
ESM: import * as heatmapRendererCreator from "@arcgis/core/smartMapping/renderers/heatmap";
Object: esri/smartMapping/renderers/heatmap
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.11

This object contains a helper method for generating a HeatmapRenderer for a point Layer.

It is important to note that the input layer must have features available in the input view for the createRenderer() method to generate a meaningful heatmap. Otherwise, the method will fail.

Known Limitation

Only layers with point geometries are supported.

Method Overview

Name Return Type Summary Object
Promise<HeatmapRendererResult>more details

Generates a HeatmapRenderer that may be applied directly to the layer used to call this method.

more detailsheatmap

Method Details


Generates a HeatmapRenderer that may be applied directly to the layer used to call this method. The renderer represents points as a continuous surface using optimal colors for the view's background.

This method should be called when at least some points are visible in the input view's extent. If no points are visible in the view, then the response will not return a useful visualization.

In most cases you will provide a layer, view, and optional field to generate this renderer. This is a scenario in which the statistics and the distribution of the data aren't well known and the user doesn't know what colors to use in the visualization.

The other options are provided for convenience for more involved custom visualization authoring applications. For example, if you already generated statistics in another operation, you can pass the statistics object to the statistics parameter to avoid making an extra call to the server.

params Object

Input parameters for generating a heatmap visualization based on data returned from a given field. See the table below for details of each parameter.


The point layer for which the visualization is generated.

The view instance in which the visualization will be rendered.

field String

The name of the field whose data will be queried for statistics and used for the basis of the data-driven visualization. The value of the field is used as a multiplier in the heatmap, making areas with high field values hotter than areas where the features have low field values.

heatmapScheme HeatmapScheme

In authoring apps, the user may select a pre-defined heatmap scheme. Pass the scheme object to this property to avoid getting one based on the view's background.


A statistics object generated from the heatmapStatistics function. If statistics for the field have already been generated, then pass the object here to avoid making a second statistics query to the server.

fadeToTransparent Boolean
Default Value: true

Indicates whether to fade the lower color stops to a transparent color to create a fuzzy boundary on the edge of the heatmap. A value of false makes a discrete boundary on the lower color stop.

radius Number
Default Value: 18

The radius in points that determines the area of influence of each point. A higher radius indicates points have more influence on surrounding points.

minRatio Number
Default Value: 0.01

The minimum ratio used in the HeatmapRenderer.colorStops of the output renderer.

maxRatio Number
Default Value: 1

The maximum ratio used in the HeatmapRenderer.colorStops of the output renderer.

signal AbortSignal

Allows for cancelable requests. If canceled, the promise will be rejected with an error named AbortError. See also AbortController.

Type Description
Promise<HeatmapRendererResult> Resolves to an instance of HeatmapRendererResult.
let earthquakeLayer = new FeatureLayer({
  // url to a point dataset

// visualization based on field

let heatmapParams = {
  layer: earthquakeLayer,
  view: view,
  field: "magnitude"

// when the promise resolves, apply the renderer to the layer
    earthquakeLayer.renderer = response.renderer;

Type Definitions


The result object of the createRenderer() method. See the table below for details of each property.

renderer HeatmapRenderer

The renderer object configured to best match the view's background and the spread of the data. Set this on a layer's renderer property to update its visualization.

scheme HeatmapScheme

The color scheme used by the renderer.

defaultValuesUsed Boolean

Indicates whether default values are used in the absence of sufficient data and/or statistics from the layer. Default values are typically used when all features have the same field value or no value at all.

Basic statistics required for generating a renderer with optimal values for the given layer and view.

basemapId String

The ID of the basemap used to determine the optimal color stops of the heatmap.

basemapTheme String

Indicates whether the average color of the input view's basemap is light or dark.

Your browser is no longer supported. Please upgrade your browser for the best experience. See our browser deprecation post for more details.