Class: esri/identity/IdentityManager
Inheritance: IdentityManager IdentityManagerBase
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.0

This object provides the framework and helper methods used in managing user credentials for the following resources:

  • Secured ArcGIS.com or Portal for ArcGIS resources (e.g. web maps).

  • ArcGIS Server resources secured using token-based authentication. Note that only ArcGIS Server versions 10 SP 1 and greater are supported. If your application accesses services from different domains, it is deemed a cross-domain request and you need to setup a proxy or use CORS (if supported by browser). If CORS is supported, the Identity Manager knows to make a request to the token service over https.

Authentication requests over http are prevented because sensitive data sent via GET can be viewed in server logs. To prevent this, the Identity Manager requires that you use POST over https to ensure your credentials are secure. View the Use a proxy and CORS help topic for more details.

The IdentityManager module is slightly different. Instead of returning a class constructor, it returns a singleton instance that has already been created by this module.

Property Overview

Any properties can be set, retrieved or listened to. See the Working with Properties topic.
NameTypeSummaryClass
Dialog

Dialog box widget used to challenge the user for their credentials when the application attempts to access a secure resource.

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Number

The suggested lifetime of the token in minutes.

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Property Details

dialogDialog

Dialog box widget used to challenge the user for their credentials when the application attempts to access a secure resource. This property is available after the onDialogCreate event has fired.

tokenValidityNumber inherited

The suggested lifetime of the token in minutes.

Default Value: 60

Method Overview

NameReturn TypeSummaryClass
Promise<Credential>

Returns the Credential if the user has already signed in to access the given resource.

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Destroys all credentials.

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Emits an event on the instance.

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Credential

Returns the Credential for the resource identified by the specified url.

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OAuthInfo

Returns the OAuthInfo configuration for the passed in Portal server URL.

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ServerInfo

Returns information about the server that is hosting the specified URL.

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Promise<Object>

Returns an object containing a token and its expiration time.

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Promise<Object>

Returns a Credential object that can be used to access the secured resource identified by the input URL.

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Boolean

Indicates whether there is an event listener on the instance that matches the provided event name.

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Call this method during application initialization with the JSON previously obtained from the toJSON() method used to re-hydrate the state of IdentityManager.

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Boolean

Indicates if the IdentityManager is busy accepting user input.

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Promise<Object>

Subclasses must implement this method if OAuth support is required.

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Object

Registers an event handler on the instance.

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Registers OAuth 2.0 configurations.

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Register secure servers and the token endpoints.

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Registers the given OAuth 2.0 access token or ArcGIS Server token with the IdentityManager.

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When accessing secure resources via Oauth 2.0 from ArcGIS.com or one of its sub-domains the IdentityManager redirects the user to the ArcGIS.com or Portal for ArcGIS sign-in page.

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Use this method in the popup callback page to pass the token and other values back to the IdentityManager.

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When accessing secured resources, the IdentityManager may prompt for username and password and send them to the server using a secure connection.

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When accessing secure resources from ArcGIS.com or one of its subdomains, the IdentityManager redirects the user to the ArcGIS.com sign-in page.

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Object

Return properties of this object in JSON format.

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Method Details

checkSignInStatus(resUrl){Promise<Credential>}inherited

Returns the Credential if the user has already signed in to access the given resource. If the user has not signed in, then the promise will be rejected and its error callback will be called.

Parameter:
resUrl String

The resource URL.

Returns:
TypeDescription
Promise< Credential>Resolves to the returned credential of the signed-in user.

destroyCredentials()inherited

Destroys all credentials.

emit(type, event)protectedinherited

Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.5

Emits an event on the instance. This method should only be used when creating subclasses that inherit from Evented.

Parameters:
type String

The name of the event.

event Object

The event payload.

findCredential(url, userId){Credential}inherited

Returns the Credential for the resource identified by the specified url. Optionally, you can provide a userId to find credentials for a specific user.

Parameters:
url String

The URL to a server.

userId String
optional

The userId for which you want to obtain credentials.

Returns:
TypeDescription
CredentialThe credential for the resource identified by the specified URL.

findOAuthInfo(url){OAuthInfo}inherited

Returns the OAuthInfo configuration for the passed in Portal server URL.

Parameter:
url String

The URL to a Portal.

Returns:
TypeDescription
OAuthInfoThe OAuthInfo configuration for the passed in Portal server URL.
Example:
require(["esri/identity/OAuthInfo","esri/identity/IdentityManager"], function(OAuthInfo, esriId) {
    var portalURL = "https://host.arcgis.com";
    findOAuthInfo = function (){
      var oAuthInfo = esriId.findOAuthInfo(portalURL)
      console.log(oAuthInfo.toJSON())
    }
});

findServerInfo(url){ServerInfo}inherited

Returns information about the server that is hosting the specified URL.

Parameter:
url String

The URL to the server

Returns:
TypeDescription
ServerInfoThe ServerInfo configuration for the passed in server URL.

generateToken(serverInfo, userInfo, options){Promise<Object>}inherited

Returns an object containing a token and its expiration time. It is necessary to provide the ServerInfo object that contains a token service URL and a user info object containing username and password. This is a helper method typically called by sub-classes to generate tokens.

Parameters:
serverInfo ServerInfo

A ServerInfo object that contains a token service URL.

userInfo Object

A user info object containing a user name and password.

options Object
optional

See the table below for the structure of this object.

Specification:
serverUrl String

The server URL.

token String

The server token.

Indicates if the server requires SSL.

Returns:
TypeDescription
Promise< Object>Resolves to an object containing a token and expiration time.

getCredential(url, options){Promise<Object>}inherited

Returns a Credential object that can be used to access the secured resource identified by the input URL.

Parameters:
url String

The URL for the secure resource

options Object
optional

See the table below for the structure of the options object.

Specification:
error Error
optional

Error object returned by the server from a previous attempt to fetch the given URL.

oAuthPopupConfirmation Boolean
optional

If set to false, the user will not be shown a dialog before the OAuth popup window is opened.
Default: true

retry Boolean
optional

Determines if the method should make additional attempts to get the credentials after a failure.

token String
optional

Token used for a previous unsuccessful attempt to fetch the given URL.

Returns:
TypeDescription
Promise< Object>Resolves to an object containing a Credential that can be used to access the secured resource identified by the input URL.

hasEventListener(type){Boolean}inherited

Indicates whether there is an event listener on the instance that matches the provided event name.

Parameter:
type String

The name of the event.

Returns:
TypeDescription
BooleanReturns true if the class supports the input event.

initialize(json)inherited

Call this method during application initialization with the JSON previously obtained from the toJSON() method used to re-hydrate the state of IdentityManager.

Parameter:
json Object

The JSON obtained from the toJSON() method.

Indicates if the IdentityManager is busy accepting user input. For example, it returns true if the user has invoked signIn and is waiting for a response.

Returns:
TypeDescription
BooleanWhether IdentityManager is currently accepting user input.

oAuthSignIn(resUrl, serverInfo, oAuthInfo, options){Promise<Object>}inherited

Subclasses must implement this method if OAuth support is required.

Parameters:
resUrl String

The resource URL.

serverInfo ServerInfo

A ServerInfo object that contains the token service URL.

oAuthInfo OAuthInfo

An OAuthInfo object that contains the authorization configuration.

options Object
optional

See the table below for the structure of the options object.

Specification:
error Error

Error object returned by the server from a previous attempt to fetch the given URL.

oAuthPopupConfirmation Boolean

Indicates whether the user will be shown a dialog before the OAuth popup window is opened.
Default: true

token String

Token used for previous unsuccessful attempts to fetch the given URL.

Returns:
TypeDescription
Promise< Object>Resolves to an object containing a token.

on(type, listener){Object}inherited

Registers an event handler on the instance. Call this method to hook an event with a listener. See the Events summary table for a list of listened events.

Parameters:
type String

The name of event to listen for.

listener Function

The function to call when the event is fired.

Returns:
TypeDescription
ObjectReturns an event handler with a remove() method that can be called to stop listening for the event.
PropertyTypeDescription
removeFunctionWhen called, removes the listener from the event.
See also:
Example:
view.on("click", function(event){
  // event is the event handle returned after the event fires.
  console.log(event.mapPoint);
});

registerOAuthInfos(oAuthInfos)inherited

Registers OAuth 2.0 configurations.

Parameter:
oAuthInfos OAuthInfo[]

An array of OAuthInfo objects that defines the OAuth configurations.

Example:
require(["esri/identity/OAuthInfo", "esri/identity/IdentityManager"], function(OAuthInfo, esriId) {
  var oAuthInfo = new OAuthInfo({
    appId: "<registered client id>"
  }); // required parameter
  esriId.registerOAuthInfos([oAuthInfo]);
});

registerServers(serverInfos)inherited

Register secure servers and the token endpoints.

Parameter:
serverInfos ServerInfo[]

An array of ServerInfos objects that defines the secure service and token endpoint. The IdentityManager makes its best guess to determine the location of the secure server and token endpoint. Therefore, in most cases calling this method is not necessary. However, if the location of your server or token endpoint is not standard, use this method to register the location.

Example:
require(["esri/identity/ServerInfo", "esri/identity/IdentityManager"], function(serverInfo, esriId) {
  var oAuthInfo = new ServerInfo();
  serverInfo.server = "http://sampleserver6.arcgisonline.com";
  serverInfo.tokenServiceUrl = "http://sampleserver6.arcgisonline.com/arcgis/tokens/generateToken";
  esriId.registerServers([serverinfo]);
});

registerToken(properties)inherited

Registers the given OAuth 2.0 access token or ArcGIS Server token with the IdentityManager. See registerOAuthInfos for additional information. The registerToken method is an advanced workflow for pre-registering long-term tokens for when you don't want users to sign in. See also resource-proxy for another workflow to achieve this result.

Once a user logs in, the access token is registered with the IdentityManager. Subsequently, every AJAX request made by the application forwards this token when accessing web maps and other items stored in ArcGIS Online, or resources on your server.

Parameters:
properties Object

See the table below for the structure of the properties object.

Specification:
expires Number
optional

Token expiration time specified as number of milliseconds since 1 January 1970 00:00:00 UTC.

server String

For ArcGIS Online or Portal, this is https://www.arcgis.com/sharing/rest or similar to https://www.example.com/portal/sharing/rest. For ArcGIS Server this is similar to https://www.example.com/arcgis/rest/services.

optional

Set this to true if the user has an ArcGIS Online organizational account and the organization is configured to allow access to resources only through SSL.

token String

The access token.

userId String
optional

The id of the user who owns the access token.

setOAuthRedirectionHandler(handlerFunction)

When accessing secure resources via Oauth 2.0 from ArcGIS.com or one of its sub-domains the IdentityManager redirects the user to the ArcGIS.com or Portal for ArcGIS sign-in page. Once the user successfully logs in they are redirected back to the application. Use this method if the application needs to execute custom logic before the page is redirected. The IdentityManager calls the custom handler function with an object containing redirection properties.

Parameter:
handlerFunction handlerCallback

When called, the callback passed to setOAuthRedirectionHandler receives an object containing the redirection properties.

Example:
require(["esri/identity/IdentityManager"],
function(esriId)
{
 esriId.setOAuthRedirectionHandler(function(info)
  {
   // Execute custom logic then perform redirect
   window.location = info.authorizeUrl + "?" + ioquery.objectToQuery(info.authorizeParams);
  });
});

setOAuthResponseHash(hash)

Use this method in the popup callback page to pass the token and other values back to the IdentityManager.

Parameter:
hash String

The token information in addition to any other values needed to be passed back to the IdentityManager.

setProtocolErrorHandler(handlerFunction)inherited

When accessing secured resources, the IdentityManager may prompt for username and password and send them to the server using a secure connection. Due to potential browser limitations, it may not be possible to establish a secure connection with the server if the application is being run over HTTP protocol. In such cases, the Identity Manager will abort the request to fetch the secured resource. To resolve this issue, configure your web application server with HTTPS support and run the application over HTTPS. This is the recommended solution for production environments. However, for internal development environments that don't have HTTPS support, you can define a protocol error handler that allows the Identity Manager to continue with the process over HTTP protocol.

Parameters:
handlerFunction Function

The function to call when the protocol is mismatched.

Specification:
resourceUrl String

The secure resource URL.

serverInfo ServerInfo

ServerInfo object describing the server where the secure resource is hosted.

setRedirectionHandler(handlerFunction)inherited

When accessing secure resources from ArcGIS.com or one of its subdomains, the IdentityManager redirects the user to the ArcGIS.com sign-in page. Once the user successfully logs in they are redirected back to the application. Use this method if the application needs to execute custom logic before the page is redirected by creating a custom redirection handler. The IdentityManager calls the custom handler function with an object containing the redirection properties.

Parameters:
handlerFunction Function

The function passed to setRedirectionHandler receives an object containing redirection properties. These properties are listed in the table below.

Specification:
resourceUrl String

The URL of the secure resource that triggers the redirection to the ArcGIS.com sign-in page.

returnUrlParamName String

The application URL where the sign-in page redirects after a successful login. To create the return URL, append the application's URL to signInPage as a parameter. The returnUrlParamName contains the name of the parameter.

serverInfo ServerInfo

The ServerInfo object describing the server where the secure resource is hosted.

signInPage String

URL of the sign-in page where users will be redirected.

Example:
require(["esri/IdentityManager"], function(esriId)
{
  esriId.setRedirectionHandler(function(info)
  {
  // Execute custom logic then perform redirect
  window.location = info.signInPage "?"
  info.returnUrlParamName "=" window.location.href;
  });
});

toJSON(){Object}inherited

Return properties of this object in JSON format. It can be stored in a cookie or persisted in HTML5 LocalStorage and later used to:

  • Initialize the IdentityManager the next time a user opens your application.
  • Share the state of the IdentityManager between multiple web pages of your website. This way users will not be asked to sign in repeatedly when they launch your app multiple times or when navigating between multiple web pages in your website.
Returns:
TypeDescription
ObjectThe JSON object representing the IdentityManager instance calling this method.

Type Definitions

handlerCallback(authorizeParams, authorizeUrl, oAuthInfo, resourceUrl, serverInfo)

The callback to execute when setOAuthRedirectionHandler() is called.

Parameters:
authorizeParams Object

Object containing authorization parameters used to access the secure service. See the table below describing the properties of this object.

Specification:
client_id String

The application ID of the registered application.

response_type String

The type of response returned.

state String

The state parameter passed back as the object in the Credential's oAuthState property.

expiration Number

The expiration time in minutes.

locale String

The locale being used.

redirect_uri String

The redirect URL represents the valid places that a user can be redirected to after a successful sign in.

authorizeUrl String

The OAuth 2.0 authorization URL for the portal.

oAuthInfo OAuthInfo

A reference to the OAuthInfo object.

resourceUrl String

The URL to the accessed resource.

serverInfo ServerInfo

The ServerInfo object describing the server where the secure resource is hosted.

Event Overview

NameTypeSummaryClass
{credential: Credential}

Fires when a credential is created.

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Fires when credentials are destroyed.

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Event Details

credential-createinherited

Fires when a credential is created

Property:
credential Credential

The returned credential

credentials-destroyinherited

Fires when credentials are destroyed

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