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ArcGIS Runtime SDK for .NET

Trace utility network

This code sample is available for these platforms:
View Sample on GitHub

Discover connected features in a utility network using connected, subnetwork, upstream, and downstream traces.

Image of trace utility network

Use case

You can use a trace to visualize and validate the network topology of a utility network for quality assurance. Subnetwork traces are used for validating whether subnetworks, such as circuits or zones, are defined or edited appropriately.

How to use the sample

Tap on one or more features while 'Add starting locations' or 'Add barriers' is selected. When a junction feature is identified, you may be prompted to select a terminal. When an edge feature is identified, the distance from the tapped location to the beginning of the edge feature will be computed. Select the type of trace using the drop down menu. Click 'Trace' to initiate a trace on the network. Click 'Reset' to clear the trace parameters and start over.

How it works

  1. Create a MapView and subscribe to its GeoViewTapped event.
  2. Create and load a Map that contains FeatureLayer(s) that are part of a utility network.
  3. Create and load a UtilityNetwork using the utility network feature service URL and the map created in step 2.
  4. Add a GraphicsOverlay with symbology that distinguishes starting locations from barriers.
  5. Identify features on the map and add a Graphic that represents its purpose (starting location or barrier) at the tapped location.
  6. Create a UtilityElement for the identified feature.
  7. Determine the type of this element using its NetworkSource.SourceType property.
  8. If the element is a junction with more than one terminal, display a terminal picker. Then set the junction's Terminal property with the selected terminal.
  9. If an edge, set its FractionAlongLine property using GeometryEngine.FractionAlong.
  10. Add this UtilityElement to a collection of starting locations or barriers.
  11. Create TraceParameters with the selected trace type along with the collected starting locations and barriers (if applicable).
  12. Set the TraceParameters.TraceConfiguration with the utility tier's TraceConfiguration property.
  13. Run a UtilityNetwork.TraceAsync with the specified parameters.
  14. For every FeatureLayer in the map, select the features using the UtilityElement.ObjectId from the filtered list of UtilityElementTraceResult.Elements.

Relevant API

  • FractionAlong
  • UtilityAssetType
  • UtilityDomainNetwork
  • UtilityElement
  • UtilityElementTraceResult
  • UtilityNetwork
  • UtilityNetworkDefinition
  • UtilityNetworkSource
  • UtilityTerminal
  • UtilityTier
  • UtilityTraceConfiguration
  • UtilityTraceParameters
  • UtilityTraceResult
  • UtilityTraceType
  • UtilityTraversability

About the data

The Naperville electrical network feature service, hosted on ArcGIS Online, contains a utility network used to run the subnetwork-based trace shown in this sample.

Tags

condition barriers, downstream trace, network analysis, subnetwork trace, trace configuration, traversability, upstream trace, utility network, validate consistency

Sample Code

<UserControl
    x:Class="ArcGISRuntime.UWP.Samples.TraceUtilityNetwork.TraceUtilityNetwork"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:esriUI="using:Esri.ArcGISRuntime.UI.Controls">
    <Grid>
        <esriUI:MapView x:Name="MyMapView" GeoViewTapped="OnGeoViewTapped" />
        <Border
            x:Name="MainUI"
            Width="450"
            HorizontalAlignment="Right"
            VerticalAlignment="Top"
            Style="{StaticResource BorderStyle}">
            <Grid>
                <Grid.RowDefinitions>
                    <RowDefinition />
                    <RowDefinition />
                    <RowDefinition />
                    <RowDefinition />
                    <RowDefinition />
                </Grid.RowDefinitions>
                <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                    <ColumnDefinition />
                    <ColumnDefinition />
                </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                <RadioButton
                    x:Name="IsAddingStartingLocations"
                    Content="Add starting locations"
                    GroupName="AddState"
                    IsChecked="True" />
                <RadioButton
                    x:Name="BarriersButton"
                    Grid.Column="1"
                    Content="Add barriers"
                    GroupName="AddState" />
                <Grid
                    Grid.Row="1"
                    Grid.ColumnSpan="2"
                    HorizontalAlignment="Stretch"
                    VerticalAlignment="Center">
                    <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                        <ColumnDefinition Width="auto" />
                        <ColumnDefinition Width="*" />
                    </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                    <TextBlock
                        Grid.Column="0"
                        Margin="5"
                        VerticalAlignment="Center"
                        Text="Trace Type:" />
                    <ComboBox
                        x:Name="TraceTypes"
                        Grid.Column="1"
                        Margin="5"
                        HorizontalAlignment="Stretch" />
                </Grid>
                <Button
                    x:Name="ResetButton"
                    Grid.Row="2"
                    Margin="5"
                    HorizontalAlignment="Stretch"
                    Click="OnReset"
                    Content="Reset" />
                <Button
                    x:Name="TraceButton"
                    Grid.Row="2"
                    Grid.Column="1"
                    Margin="5"
                    HorizontalAlignment="Stretch"
                    Click="OnTrace"
                    Content="Trace" />
                <TextBlock
                    x:Name="Status"
                    Grid.Row="3"
                    Grid.ColumnSpan="2"
                    Margin="0,5,0,5"
                    Text="Loading sample..." />
                <ProgressBar
                    x:Name="IsBusy"
                    Grid.Row="4"
                    Grid.ColumnSpan="2"
                    Height="15"
                    IsIndeterminate="True"
                    Visibility="Collapsed" />
            </Grid>
        </Border>
        <Border
            Name="TerminalPicker"
            HorizontalAlignment="Center"
            VerticalAlignment="Center"
            Style="{StaticResource BorderStyle}"
            Visibility="Collapsed">
            <Grid>
                <Grid.RowDefinitions>
                    <RowDefinition />
                    <RowDefinition />
                    <RowDefinition />
                </Grid.RowDefinitions>
                <TextBlock
                    Grid.Row="0"
                    Margin="0,0,0,5"
                    HorizontalAlignment="Center"
                    Text="Choose the terminal for this junction." />
                <ComboBox
                    x:Name="Picker"
                    Grid.Row="1"
                    Margin="0,5,0,5"
                    HorizontalAlignment="Stretch"
                    ItemsSource="{Binding}">
                    <ComboBox.ItemTemplate>
                        <DataTemplate>
                            <TextBlock Text="{Binding Name}" />
                        </DataTemplate>
                    </ComboBox.ItemTemplate>
                </ComboBox>
                <Button
                    Grid.Row="2"
                    Margin="0,5,0,0"
                    HorizontalAlignment="Stretch"
                    Click="OnTerminalSelected"
                    Content="Select" />
            </Grid>
        </Border>
    </Grid>
</UserControl>
// Copyright 2019 Esri.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at: http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an
// "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific
// language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Data;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Geometry;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Http;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Mapping;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Symbology;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.UI;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.UI.Controls;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.UtilityNetworks;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Windows.UI.Popups;
using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Symbol = Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Symbology.Symbol;

namespace ArcGISRuntime.UWP.Samples.TraceUtilityNetwork
{
    [ArcGISRuntime.Samples.Shared.Attributes.Sample(
        name: "Trace utility network",
        category: "Utility network",
        description: "Discover connected features in a utility network using connected, subnetwork, upstream, and downstream traces.",
        instructions: "Tap on one or more features while 'Add starting locations' or 'Add barriers' is selected. When a junction feature is identified, you may be prompted to select a terminal. When an edge feature is identified, the distance from the tapped location to the beginning of the edge feature will be computed. Select the type of trace using the drop down menu. Click 'Trace' to initiate a trace on the network. Click 'Reset' to clear the trace parameters and start over.",
        tags: new[] { "condition barriers", "downstream trace", "network analysis", "subnetwork trace", "trace configuration", "traversability", "upstream trace", "utility network", "validate consistency", "Featured" })]
    [ArcGISRuntime.Samples.Shared.Attributes.OfflineData()]
    public partial class TraceUtilityNetwork
    {
        // Feature service for an electric utility network in Naperville, Illinois.
        private const string FeatureServiceUrl = "https://sampleserver7.arcgisonline.com/arcgis/rest/services/UtilityNetwork/NapervilleElectric/FeatureServer";

        // Viewpoint in the utility network area.
        private Viewpoint _startingViewpoint = new Viewpoint(new Envelope(-9812980.8041217551, 5128523.87694709, -9812798.4363710005, 5128627.6261982173, SpatialReferences.WebMercator));

        // Utility network objects.
        private UtilityNetwork _utilityNetwork;
        private List<UtilityElement> _startingLocations = new List<UtilityElement>();
        private List<UtilityElement> _barriers = new List<UtilityElement>();
        private UtilityTier _mediumVoltageTier;

        // Task completion source for the user selected terminal.
        private TaskCompletionSource<UtilityTerminal> _terminalCompletionSource = null;

        // Markers for the utility elements.
        private SimpleMarkerSymbol _startingPointSymbol;
        private SimpleMarkerSymbol _barrierPointSymbol;

        public TraceUtilityNetwork()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            Initialize();
        }

        private async void Initialize()
        {
            try
            {
                IsBusy.Visibility = Visibility.Visible;
                Status.Text = "Loading Utility Network...";

                // Create a map.
                MyMapView.Map = new Map(Basemap.CreateStreetsNightVector())
                {
                    InitialViewpoint = _startingViewpoint
                };

                // Add the layer with electric distribution lines.
                FeatureLayer lineLayer = new FeatureLayer(new Uri($"{FeatureServiceUrl}/115"));
                UniqueValue mediumVoltageValue = new UniqueValue("N/A", "Medium Voltage", new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbolStyle.Solid, System.Drawing.Color.DarkCyan, 3), 5);
                UniqueValue lowVoltageValue = new UniqueValue("N/A", "Low Voltage", new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbolStyle.Dash, System.Drawing.Color.DarkCyan, 3), 3);
                lineLayer.Renderer = new UniqueValueRenderer(new List<string>() { "ASSETGROUP" }, new List<UniqueValue>() { mediumVoltageValue, lowVoltageValue }, "", new SimpleLineSymbol());
                MyMapView.Map.OperationalLayers.Add(lineLayer);

                // Add the layer with electric devices.
                FeatureLayer electricDevicelayer = new FeatureLayer(new Uri($"{FeatureServiceUrl}/100"));
                MyMapView.Map.OperationalLayers.Add(electricDevicelayer);

                // Set the selection color for features in the map view.
                MyMapView.SelectionProperties = new SelectionProperties(System.Drawing.Color.Yellow);

                // Create and load the utility network.
                _utilityNetwork = await UtilityNetwork.CreateAsync(new Uri(FeatureServiceUrl), MyMapView.Map);

                // Update the trace configuration UI.
                TraceTypes.ItemsSource = new List<UtilityTraceType>() { UtilityTraceType.Connected, UtilityTraceType.Subnetwork, UtilityTraceType.Upstream, UtilityTraceType.Downstream };
                TraceTypes.SelectedIndex = 0;

                // Get the utility tier used for traces in this network. For this data set, the "Medium Voltage Radial" tier from the "ElectricDistribution" domain network is used.
                UtilityDomainNetwork domainNetwork = _utilityNetwork.Definition.GetDomainNetwork("ElectricDistribution");
                _mediumVoltageTier = domainNetwork.GetTier("Medium Voltage Radial");

                // More complex datasets may require using utility trace configurations from different tiers. The following LINQ expression gets all tiers present in the utility network.
                //IEnumerable<UtilityTier> tiers = _utilityNetwork.Definition.DomainNetworks.Select(domain => domain.Tiers).SelectMany(tier => tier);

                // Create symbols for starting locations and barriers.
                _startingPointSymbol = new SimpleMarkerSymbol(SimpleMarkerSymbolStyle.Cross, System.Drawing.Color.LightGreen, 25d);
                _barrierPointSymbol = new SimpleMarkerSymbol(SimpleMarkerSymbolStyle.X, System.Drawing.Color.OrangeRed, 25d);

                // Create a graphics overlay.
                GraphicsOverlay graphicsOverlay = new GraphicsOverlay();
                MyMapView.GraphicsOverlays.Add(graphicsOverlay);

                // Set the instruction text.
                Status.Text = "Click on the network lines or points to add a utility element.";
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Status.Text = "Loading Utility Network failed...";
                await new MessageDialog(ex.Message, ex.GetType().Name).ShowAsync();
            }
            finally
            {
                EnableControls();
                IsBusy.Visibility = Visibility.Collapsed;
            }
        }

        private async void OnGeoViewTapped(object sender, GeoViewInputEventArgs e)
        {
            try
            {
                IsBusy.Visibility = Visibility.Visible;
                Status.Text = "Identifying trace locations...";

                // Identify the feature to be used.
                IEnumerable<IdentifyLayerResult> identifyResult = await MyMapView.IdentifyLayersAsync(e.Position, 10.0, false);
                ArcGISFeature feature = identifyResult?.FirstOrDefault()?.GeoElements?.FirstOrDefault() as ArcGISFeature;
                if (feature == null) { return; }

                // Create element from the identified feature.
                UtilityElement element = _utilityNetwork.CreateElement(feature);

                if (element.NetworkSource.SourceType == UtilityNetworkSourceType.Junction)
                {
                    // Select terminal for junction feature.
                    IEnumerable<UtilityTerminal> terminals = element.AssetType.TerminalConfiguration?.Terminals;
                    if (terminals?.Count() > 1)
                    {
                        element.Terminal = await GetTerminalAsync(terminals);
                    }
                    Status.Text = $"Terminal: {element.Terminal?.Name ?? "default"}";
                }
                else if (element.NetworkSource.SourceType == UtilityNetworkSourceType.Edge)
                {
                    // Compute how far tapped location is along the edge feature.
                    if (feature.Geometry is Polyline line)
                    {
                        line = GeometryEngine.RemoveZ(line) as Polyline;
                        double fraction = GeometryEngine.FractionAlong(line, e.Location, -1);
                        if (double.IsNaN(fraction)) { return; }
                        element.FractionAlongEdge = fraction;
                        Status.Text = $"Fraction along edge: {element.FractionAlongEdge}";
                    }
                }

                // Check whether starting location or barrier is added to update the right collection and symbology.
                Symbol symbol = null;
                if (IsAddingStartingLocations.IsChecked.Value == true)
                {
                    _startingLocations.Add(element);
                    symbol = _startingPointSymbol;
                }
                else
                {
                    _barriers.Add(element);
                    symbol = _barrierPointSymbol;
                }

                // Add a graphic for the new utility element.
                Graphic traceLocationGraphic = new Graphic(feature.Geometry as MapPoint ?? e.Location, symbol);
                MyMapView.GraphicsOverlays.FirstOrDefault()?.Graphics.Add(traceLocationGraphic);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Status.Text = "Identifying locations failed.";
                await new MessageDialog(ex.Message, ex.GetType().Name).ShowAsync();
            }
            finally
            {
                if (Status.Text.Equals("Identifying trace locations...")) { Status.Text = "Could not identify location."; }
                IsBusy.Visibility = Visibility.Collapsed;
            }
        }

        private async Task<UtilityTerminal> GetTerminalAsync(IEnumerable<UtilityTerminal> terminals)
        {
            try
            {
                MyMapView.GeoViewTapped -= OnGeoViewTapped;
                TerminalPicker.Visibility = Visibility.Visible;
                DisableControls();
                Picker.ItemsSource = terminals;
                Picker.SelectedIndex = 1;

                // Waits for user to select a terminal.
                _terminalCompletionSource = new TaskCompletionSource<UtilityTerminal>();
                return await _terminalCompletionSource.Task;
            }
            finally
            {
                TerminalPicker.Visibility = Visibility.Collapsed;
                EnableControls();
                MyMapView.GeoViewTapped += OnGeoViewTapped;
            }
        }

        private void OnTerminalSelected(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            _terminalCompletionSource.TrySetResult(Picker.SelectedItem as UtilityTerminal);
        }

        private void OnReset(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            // Reset the UI.
            Status.Text = "Click on the network lines or points to add a utility element.";
            IsBusy.Visibility = Visibility.Collapsed;
            TraceTypes.SelectedIndex = 0;

            // Clear collections of starting locations and barriers.
            _startingLocations.Clear();
            _barriers.Clear();

            // Clear the map of any locations, barriers and trace result.
            MyMapView.GraphicsOverlays.FirstOrDefault()?.Graphics.Clear();
            MyMapView.Map.OperationalLayers.OfType<FeatureLayer>().ToList().ForEach(layer => layer.ClearSelection());
        }

        private async void OnTrace(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            try
            {
                // Get the selected trace type.
                UtilityTraceType traceType = (UtilityTraceType)TraceTypes.SelectedItem;

                // Update the UI.
                DisableControls();
                IsBusy.Visibility = Visibility.Visible;
                Status.Text = $"Running {traceType} trace...";

                // Clear previous selection from the layers.
                MyMapView.Map.OperationalLayers.OfType<FeatureLayer>().ToList().ForEach(layer => layer.ClearSelection());

                // Build trace parameters.
                UtilityTraceParameters parameters = new UtilityTraceParameters(traceType, _startingLocations);
                foreach (UtilityElement barrier in _barriers)
                {
                    parameters.Barriers.Add(barrier);
                }

                // Set the trace configuration using the tier from the utility domain network.
                parameters.TraceConfiguration = _mediumVoltageTier.TraceConfiguration;

                //  Get the trace result from the utility network.
                IEnumerable<UtilityTraceResult> traceResult = await _utilityNetwork.TraceAsync(parameters);
                UtilityElementTraceResult elementTraceResult = traceResult?.FirstOrDefault() as UtilityElementTraceResult;

                // Check if there are any elements in the result.
                if (elementTraceResult?.Elements?.Count > 0)
                {
                    foreach (FeatureLayer layer in MyMapView.Map.OperationalLayers.OfType<FeatureLayer>())
                    {
                        IEnumerable<UtilityElement> elements = elementTraceResult.Elements.Where(element => element.NetworkSource.Name == layer.FeatureTable.TableName);
                        IEnumerable<Feature> features = await _utilityNetwork.GetFeaturesForElementsAsync(elements);
                        layer.SelectFeatures(features);
                    }
                }
                Status.Text = "Trace completed.";
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Status.Text = "Trace failed...";
                if (ex is ArcGISWebException && ex.Message == null)
                {
                    await new MessageDialog("Trace failed.", ex.GetType().Name).ShowAsync();
                }
                else
                {
                    await new MessageDialog(ex.Message, ex.GetType().Name).ShowAsync();
                }
            }
            finally
            {
                EnableControls();
                IsBusy.Visibility = Visibility.Collapsed;
            }
        }

        private void DisableControls()
        {
            IsAddingStartingLocations.IsEnabled = BarriersButton.IsEnabled = TraceTypes.IsEnabled = TraceButton.IsEnabled = ResetButton.IsEnabled = false;
        }

        private void EnableControls()
        {
            IsAddingStartingLocations.IsEnabled = BarriersButton.IsEnabled = TraceTypes.IsEnabled = TraceButton.IsEnabled = ResetButton.IsEnabled = true;
        }
    }
}