WMSLayer

AMD: require(["esri/layers/WMSLayer"], (WMSLayer) => { /* code goes here */ });
ESM: import WMSLayer from "@arcgis/core/layers/WMSLayer";
Class: esri/layers/WMSLayer
Inheritance: WMSLayer Layer Accessor
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.4

The WMSLayer is used to create layers based on OGC Web Map Services (WMS). The WMSLayer initially executes a WMS GetCapabilities request, which might require CORS or a proxy page.

See also:

Constructors

new WMSLayer(properties)
Parameter:
properties Object
optional

See the properties for a list of all the properties that may be passed into the constructor.

Example:
// Typical usage
let layer = new WMSLayer({
  url: // url to the service,
  sublayers: [{
    name: // name of the sublayer,
    legendUrl: // url to the legend
  }]
});

Property Overview

Any properties can be set, retrieved or listened to. See the Working with Properties topic.
Show inherited properties Hide inherited properties
Name Type Summary Class
Collection<WMSSublayer>more details

A flattened collection of all WMSSublayers based on the sublayers property.

more detailsWMSLayer
Stringmore details

Blend modes are used to blend layers together to create an interesting effect in a layer, or even to produce what seems like a new layer.

more detailsWMSLayer
Stringmore details

Copyright information for the WMS service.

more detailsWMSLayer
Objectmore details

Use this to append different custom parameters to the WMS map requests.

more detailsWMSLayer
Objectmore details

Use this to append custom parameters to all WMS requests.

more detailsWMSLayer
Stringmore details

The name of the class.

more detailsAccessor
Stringmore details

Description for the WMS layer.

more detailsWMSLayer
Array<(TimeDimension|ElevationDimension|GenericDimension)>more details

An array of time, elevation and other dimensions for the root layer.

more detailsWMSLayer
Effectmore details

Effect provides various filter functions that can be performed on the layer to achieve different visual effects similar to how image filters work.

more detailsWMSLayer
Stringmore details

Return format of feature information (MIME type).

more detailsWMSLayer
Stringmore details

The URL for the WMS GetFeatureInfo call.

more detailsWMSLayer
Extentmore details

The full extent of the layer.

more detailsLayer
Extent[]more details

All bounding boxes defined for the layer.

more detailsWMSLayer
Stringmore details

The unique ID assigned to the layer.

more detailsLayer
Stringmore details

The map image format (MIME type) to request.

more detailsWMSLayer
Numbermore details

Indicates the maximum height of the image exported by the service.

more detailsWMSLayer
Numbermore details

Indicates the maximum width of the image exported by the service.

more detailsWMSLayer
Booleanmore details

Indicates whether the background of the image exported by the service is transparent.

more detailsWMSLayer
Booleanmore details

Indicates whether the layer will be included in the legend.

more detailsWMSLayer
Stringmore details

Indicates how the layer should display in the LayerList widget.

more detailsLayer
Booleanmore details

Indicates whether the layer's resources have loaded.

more detailsLayer
Errormore details

The Error object returned if an error occurred while loading.

more detailsLayer
Stringmore details

Represents the status of a load operation.

more detailsLayer
Object[]more details

A list of warnings which occurred while loading.

more detailsLayer
Numbermore details

The maximum scale (most zoomed in) at which the layer is visible in the view.

more detailsWMSLayer
Numbermore details

The minimum scale (most zoomed out) at which the layer is visible in the view.

more detailsWMSLayer
Numbermore details

The opacity of the layer.

more detailsLayer
PortalItemmore details

The portal item from which the layer is loaded.

more detailsWMSLayer
Numbermore details

Refresh interval of the layer in minutes.

more detailsWMSLayer
SpatialReferencemore details

The spatial reference of the layer.

more detailsWMSLayer
Number[]more details

List of spatialReference well known ids derived from the CRS elements of the first layer in the GetCapabilities request.

more detailsWMSLayer
Collection<WMSSublayer>more details

A subset of the layer's WMSSublayers that will be displayed.

more detailsWMSLayer
TimeExtentmore details

The layer's time extent.

more detailsWMSLayer
TimeInfomore details

TimeInfo provides information such as date fields that store start and end time for each feature and the fullTimeExtent for the layer.

more detailsWMSLayer
TimeIntervalmore details

A temporary offset of the time data based on a certain TimeInterval.

more detailsWMSLayer
Stringmore details

The title of the layer used to identify it in places such as the Legend and LayerList widgets.

more detailsWMSLayer
Stringmore details For WMSLayer the type is always "wms". more detailsWMSLayer
Stringmore details

The URL of the WMS service.

more detailsWMSLayer
Booleanmore details

Determines if the layer will update its temporal data based on the view's timeExtent.

more detailsWMSLayer
Stringmore details

Version of the WMS specification to use.

more detailsWMSLayer
Booleanmore details

Indicates if the layer is visible in the View.

more detailsLayer

Property Details

allSublayers Collection<WMSSublayer>
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.17

A flattened collection of all WMSSublayers based on the sublayers property.

Example:
// Print the names of all sublayers used for rendering.
const layer = new WMSLayer({
  url: "https://geo.weather.gc.ca/geomet"
});
layer.load().then(() => {
  const names = layer.allSublayers
                     .filter((sublayer) => !sublayer.sublayers) // Non-grouping layers will not have any "sublayers".
                     .map((sublayer) => sublayer.name);
  console.log("Names of all child sublayers", names.join());
});
blendMode String
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.16

Blend modes are used to blend layers together to create an interesting effect in a layer, or even to produce what seems like a new layer. Unlike the method of using transparency which can result in a washed-out top layer, blend modes can create a variety of very vibrant and intriguing results by blending a layer with the layer(s) below it.

When blending layers, a top layer is a layer that has a blend mode applied. All layers underneath the top layer are background layers. The default blending mode is normal where the top layer is simply displayed over the background layer. While this default behavior is perfectly acceptable, the use of blend modes on layers open up a world of endless possibilities to generate creative maps.

The layers in a GroupLayer are blended together in isolation from the rest of the map.

In the following screenshots, the vintage shaded relief layer is displayed over a firefly world imagery layer. The color blend mode is applied to the vintage shaded relief and the result looks like a new layer.

color-blend

Known Limitations

The following factors will affect the blend result:

  • Order of all layers
  • Layer opacity
  • Opacity of features in layers
  • Visibility of layers
  • By default, the very bottom layer in a map is drawn on a transparent background. You can change the MapView's background color.
Blend mode Description
normal The top layer is displayed over the background layer. The data of the top layer block the data of background layer where they overlap.
average Takes the mathematical average of top and background layers. Result of average blend mode is often similar to the effect of setting the layer's opacity to 50%.

Lighten blend modes:

The following blend modes create lighter results than all layers. In lighten blend modes, pure black colors in the top layer become transparent allowing the background layer to show through. White in the top layer will stay unchanged. Any color that is lighter than pure black is going to lighten colors in the top layer to varying degrees all way to pure white.

Lighten blend modes can be useful when lightening dark colors of the top layer or removing black colors from the result. The plus, lighten and screen modes can be used to brighten layers that have faded or dark colors on a dark background.

Blend mode Description
lighten Compares top and background layers and retains the lighter color. Colors in the top layer become transparent if they are darker than the overlapping colors in the background layer allowing the background layer to show through completely. Can be thought of as the opposite of darken blend mode.
lighter Colors in top and background layers are multiplied by their alphas (layer opacity and layer's data opacity. Then the resulting colors are added together. All overlapping midrange colors are lightened in the top layer. The opacity of layer and layer's data will affect the blend result.
plus Colors in top and background layers are added together. All overlapping midrange colors are lightened in the top layer. This mode is also known as add or linear-dodge.
screen Multiplies inverted colors in top and background layers then inverts the colors again. The resulting colors will be lighter than the original color with less contrast. Screen can produce many different levels of brightening depending on the luminosity values of the top layer. Can be thought of as the opposite of the multiply mode.
color-dodge Divides colors in background layer by the inverted top layer. This lightens the background layer depending on the value of the top layer. The brighter the top layer, the more its color affects the background layer. Decreases the contrast between top and background layers resulting in saturated mid-tones and blown highlights.

Darken blend modes:

The following blend modes create darker results than all layers. In darken blend modes, pure white in the top layer will become transparent allowing the background layer to show through. Black in the top layer will stay unchanged. Any color that is darker than pure white is going to darken a top layer to varying degrees all the way to pure black.

The multiply blend mode is often used to highlight shadows, show contrast, or accentuate an aspect of a map. For example, you can use multiply blend mode on a topographic map displayed over hillshade when you want to have your elevation show through the topographic layer. See the intro to layer blending sample.

The multiply and darken modes can be used to have dark labels of the basemap to show through top layers. See the darken blending sample.

The color-burn mode works well with colorful top and background layers since it increases saturation in mid-tones. It increases the contrast by tinting pixels in overlapping areas in top and bottom layers more towards the top layer color. Use this blend mode, when you want an effect with more contrast than multiply or darken.

The following screenshots show how the multiply blend mode used for creating a physical map of the world that shows both boundaries and elevation. multiply-blend

Blend mode Description
darken Emphasizes the darkest parts of overlapping layers. Colors in the top layer become transparent if they are lighter than the overlapping colors in the background layer, allowing the background layer to show through completely.
multiply Emphasizes the darkest parts of overlapping layers by multiplying colors of the top layer and the background layer. Midrange colors from top and background layers are mixed together more evenly.
color-burn Intensifies the dark areas in all layers. It increases the contrast between top and background layers, by tinting colors in overlapping area towards the top color. To do this it inverts colors of the background layer, divides the result by colors of the top layer, then inverts the results.

Contrast blend modes:

The following blend modes create contrast by both lightening the lighter areas and darkening the darker areas in the top layer by using lightening or darkening blend modes to create the blend. The contrast blend modes will lighten the colors lighter than 50% gray ([128,128,128]), and darken the colors darker than 50% gray. 50% gray will be transparent in the top layer. Each mode can create a variety of results depending on the colors of top and background layers being blended together. The overlay blend mode makes its calculations based on the brightness of the colors in the background layer while all of the other contrast blend modes make their calculations based on the brightness of the top layer. Some of these modes are designed to simulate the effect of shining a light through the top layer, effectively projecting upon the layers beneath it.

Contrast blend modes can be used to increase the contrast and saturation to have more vibrant colors and give a punch to your layers. For example, you can duplicate a layer and set overlay blend mode on the top layer to increase the contrast and tones of your layer. You can also add a polygon layer with a white fill symbol over a dark imagery layer and apply soft-light blend mode to increase the brightness in the imagery layer.

The following screenshots show an effect of the overlay blend mode on a GraphicsLayer. The left image shows when the buffer graphics layer has the normal blend mode. As you can see, the gray color for the buffer polygon is blocking the intersecting census tracts. The right image shows when the overlay blend mode is applied to the buffer graphics layer. The overlay blend mode darkens or lightens the gray buffer polygon depending on the colors of the background layer while the census tracts layer is shining through. See this in action.

Normal blend mode Overlay blend mode
no-blendmode overlay-blend
Blend mode Description
overlay Uses a combination of multiply and screen modes to darken and lighten colors in the top layer with the background layer always shining through. The result is darker color values in the background layer intensify the top layer, while lighter colors in the background layer wash out overlapping areas in the top layer.
soft-light Applies a half strength screen mode to lighter areas and and half strength multiply mode to darken areas of the top layer. You can think of the soft-light as a softer version of the overlay mode.
hard-light Multiplies or screens the colors, depending on colors of the top layer. The effect is similar to shining a harsh spotlight on the top layer.
vivid-light Uses a combination of color-burn or color-dodge by increasing or decreasing the contrast, depending on colors in the top layer.

Component blend modes:

The following blend modes use primary color components, which are hue, saturation and luminosity to blend top and background layers. You can add a feature layer with a simple renderer over any layer and set hue, saturation, color or luminosity blend mode on this layer. With this technique, you create a brand new looking map.

The following screenshots show where the topo layer is blended with world hillshade layer with luminosity blend mode. The result is a drastically different looking map which preserves the brightness of the topo layer while adapting the hue and saturation of the hillshade layer.

color-blend

Blend mode Description
hue Creates an effect with the hue of the top layer and the luminosity and saturation of the background layer.
saturation Creates an effect with the saturation of the top layer and the hue and luminosity of the background layer. 50% gray with no saturation in the background layer will not produce any change.
luminosity Creates effect with the luminosity of the top layer and the hue and saturation of the background layer. Can be thought of as the opposite of color blend mode.
color Creates an effect with the hue and saturation of the top layer and the luminosity of the background layer. Can be thought of as the opposite of luminosity blend mode.

Composite blend modes:

The following blend modes can be used to mask the contents of top, background or both layers.

  • Destination modes are used to mask the data of the top layer with the data of the background layer.
  • Source modes are used to mask the data of the background layer with the data of the top layer.

The destination-in blend mode can be used to show areas of focus such as earthquakes, animal migration, or point-source pollution by revealing the underlying map, providing a bird’s eye view of the phenomenon. Check out multiple blending and groupLayer blending samples to see composite blend modes in action.

The following screenshots show feature and imagery layers on the left side on their own in the order they are drawn in the view. The imagery layer that contains land cover classification rasters. The feature layer contains 2007 county crops data. The right image shows the result of layer blending where destination-in blendMode is set on the imagery layer. As you can see, the effect is very different from the original layers. The blended result shows areas of cultivated crops only (where both imagery and feature layers overlap).

destination-in

Blend mode Description
destination-over Destination/background layer covers the top layer. The top layer is drawn underneath the destination layer. You'll see the top layer peek through wherever the background layer is transparent or has no data.
destination-atop Destination/background layer is drawn only where it overlaps the top layer. The top layer is drawn underneath the background layer. You'll see the top layer peek through wherever the background layer is transparent or has no data.
destination-in Destination/background layer is drawn only where it overlaps with the top layer. Everything else is made transparent.
destination-out Destination/background layer is drawn where it doesn't overlap the top layer. Everything else is made transparent.
source-atop Source/top layer is drawn only where it overlaps the background layer. You will see the background layer peek through where the source layer is transparent or has no data.
source-in Source/top layer is drawn only where it overlaps with the background layer. Everything else is made transparent.
source-out Source/top layer is drawn where it doesn't overlap the background layer. Everything else is made transparent.
xor Top and background layers are made transparent where they overlap. Both layers are drawn normal everywhere else.

Invert blend modes:

The following blend modes either invert or cancel out colors depending on colors of the background layer. These blend modes look for variations between top and background layers. For example, you can use difference or exclusion blend modes on two imagery layers of forest covers to visualize how forest covers changed from one year to another.

The invert blend mode can be used to turn any light basemap into a dark basemap to accommodate those who work in low-light conditions. The following screenshots show how setting the invert blend mode set on a feature layer with a simple renderer turns the world terrain basemap into a dark themed basemap in no time.

color-blend

Blend mode Description
difference Subtracts the darker of the overlapping colors from the lighter color. When two pixels with the same value are subtracted, the result is black. Blending with black produces no change. Blending with white inverts the colors. This blending mode is useful for aligning layers with similar content.
exclusion Similar to the difference blend mode, except that the resulting image is lighter overall. Overlapping areas with lighter color values are lightened, while darker overlapping color values become transparent.
minus Subtracts colors of the top layer from colors of the background layer making the blend result darker. In the case of negative values, black is displayed.
invert Inverts the background colors wherever the top and background layers overlap. The invert blend mode inverts the layer similar to a photographic negative.
reflect This blend mode creates effects as if you added shiny objects or areas of light in the layer. Black pixels in the background layer are ignored as if they were transparent.

Possible Values:"average"|"color-burn"|"color-dodge"|"color"|"darken"|"destination-atop"|"destination-in"|"destination-out"|"destination-over"|"difference"|"exclusion"|"hard-light"|"hue"|"invert"|"lighten"|"lighter"|"luminosity"|"minus"|"multiply"|"normal"|"overlay"|"plus"|"reflect"|"saturation"|"screen"|"soft-light"|"source-atop"|"source-in"|"source-out"|"vivid-light"|"xor"

Default Value:normal
See also:

Copyright information for the WMS service. This defaults to the value of the AccessConstraints property from the GetCapabilities request.

customLayerParameters Object

Use this to append different custom parameters to the WMS map requests. The custom layer parameters are applied to GetMap and GetFeatureInfo.

customParameters Object

Use this to append custom parameters to all WMS requests. The custom parameters are applied to GetCapabilities, GetMap and GetFeatureInfo. For example, if an access key is required, the key can be configured as a custom parameter.

declaredClass Stringreadonly inherited
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.7

The name of the class. The declared class name is formatted as esri.folder.className.

description String

Description for the WMS layer. This defaults to the value of the Abstract property from the WMS GetCapabilities request.

Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.20

An array of time, elevation and other dimensions for the root layer. Information from a TimeDimension can be used to update View.timeExtent, WMSLayer.timeExtent, or to configure a TimeSlider widget.

A WMSLayer or WMSSublayer can only have one time dimension. The following example shows how to find the time dimension (if any) for the base layer.

const layer = new WMSLayer({
  url: "https://public-wms.met.no/verportal/verportal.map?request=GetCapabilities&service=WMS&version=1.3.0"
});
await layer.load();
const timeDimension = layer.dimensions.find((dimension) => dimension.name === "time");

Data can exist at specific times or time ranges. We can access this information from the extent property of the TimeDimension as either an array of discrete dates or TimeDimensionIntervals. For example, continuing from the previous example, a TimeSlider is configured using the extent from a TimeDimension.

const dates = timeDimension.extent; // This time dimension is expressed as an array of dates.
const start = dates[0]; // Get the first and earliest date
const end = dates[dates.length -1]; // Get last date
const timeSlider = new TimeSlider({
  container: "timeSliderDiv",
  view: view,
  mode: "instant",
  timeVisible: true,
  loop: true,
  fullTimeExtent: { // The TimeSlider UI will span all dates
    start,
    end
  },
  stops: {
    dates // The TimeSlider thumb will snap exactly to each valid date
  }
})
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.18

Effect provides various filter functions that can be performed on the layer to achieve different visual effects similar to how image filters work. This powerful capability allows you to apply css filter-like functions to layers to create custom visual effects to enhance the cartographic quality of your maps. This is done by applying the desired effect to the layer's effect property as a string or an array of objects to set scale dependent effects.

Known Limitations

Default Value:null
See also:
Examples:
// the following effect will be applied to the layer at all scales
// brightness will be applied first, then hue-rotate followed by contrast
// changing order of the effects will change the final result
layer.effect = "brightness(5) hue-rotate(270deg) contrast(200%)";
// set a scale dependent bloom effect on the layer
layer.effect = [
  {
    scale: 36978595,
    value: "drop-shadow(3px, 3px, 4px)"
  },
  {
    scale: 18489297,
    value: "drop-shadow(2px, 2px, 3px)"
  },
  {
    scale: 4622324,
    value: "drop-shadow(1px, 1px, 2px)"
  }
];
featureInfoFormat String

Return format of feature information (MIME type).

featureInfoUrl String

The URL for the WMS GetFeatureInfo call.

The full extent of the layer. By default, this is worldwide. This property may be used to set the extent of the view to match a layer's extent so that its features appear to fill the view. See the sample snippet below.

Example:
// Once the layer loads, set the view's extent to the layer's fullextent
layer.when(function(){
  view.extent = layer.fullExtent;
});
fullExtents Extent[]

All bounding boxes defined for the layer.

The unique ID assigned to the layer. If not set by the developer, it is automatically generated when the layer is loaded.

imageFormat String

The map image format (MIME type) to request. Defaults to image/png if the WMS service supports it. If not, it defaults to the value of the first <Format> in <GetMap> in the GetCapabilities response.

imageMaxHeight Number

Indicates the maximum height of the image exported by the service.

Default Value:2048
imageMaxWidth Number

Indicates the maximum width of the image exported by the service.

Default Value:2048
imageTransparency Boolean

Indicates whether the background of the image exported by the service is transparent.

Default Value:true
legendEnabled Boolean

Indicates whether the layer will be included in the legend.

Default Value:true
listMode String inherited

Indicates how the layer should display in the LayerList widget. The possible values are listed below.

Value Description
show The layer is visible in the table of contents.
hide The layer is hidden in the table of contents.
hide-children If the layer is a GroupLayer, BuildingSceneLayer, KMLLayer, MapImageLayer, TileLayer or WMSLayer, hide the children layers from the table of contents.

Possible Values:"show"|"hide"|"hide-children"

Default Value:show
loaded Booleanreadonly inherited

Indicates whether the layer's resources have loaded. When true, all the properties of the object can be accessed.

Default Value:false
loadError Errorreadonly inherited

The Error object returned if an error occurred while loading.

Default Value:null
loadStatus Stringreadonly inherited

Represents the status of a load operation.

Value Description
not-loaded The object's resources have not loaded.
loading The object's resources are currently loading.
loaded The object's resources have loaded without errors.
failed The object's resources failed to load. See loadError for more details.

Possible Values:"not-loaded"|"loading"|"failed"|"loaded"

Default Value:not-loaded
loadWarnings Object[]readonly inherited

A list of warnings which occurred while loading.

maxScale Number

The maximum scale (most zoomed in) at which the layer is visible in the view. If the map is zoomed in beyond this scale, the layer will not be visible. A value of 0 means the layer does not have a maximum scale. The maxScale value should always be smaller than the minScale value, and greater than or equal to the service specification.

Default Value:0
Examples:
// The layer will not be visible when the view is zoomed in beyond a scale of 1:1,000
layer.maxScale = 1000;
// The layer's visibility is not restricted to a maximum scale.
layer.maxScale = 0;
minScale Number

The minimum scale (most zoomed out) at which the layer is visible in the view. If the map is zoomed out beyond this scale, the layer will not be visible. A value of 0 means the layer does not have a minimum scale. The minScale value should always be larger than the maxScale value, and lesser than or equal to the service specification.

Default Value:0
Examples:
// The layer will not be visible when the view is zoomed out beyond a scale of 1:3,000,000
layer.minScale = 3000000;
// The layer's visibility is not restricted to a minimum scale.
layer.minScale = 0;
opacity Number inherited

The opacity of the layer. This value can range between 1 and 0, where 0 is 100 percent transparent and 1 is completely opaque.

Default Value:1
Example:
// Makes the layer 50% transparent
layer.opacity = 0.5;
portalItem PortalItem

The portal item from which the layer is loaded. If the portal item references a Feature Service or Scene Service, then you can specify a single layer to load with the layerId property.

Beginning with version 4.17, it is possible to load tables from feature service items hosted in ArcGIS Online and ArcGIS Enterprise. This only applies to feature layers, and will successfully load if FeatureLayer.isTable returns true.

Examples:
// While this example uses FeatureLayer, this same pattern can be
// used for other layers that may be loaded from portalItem ids.
const lyr = new FeatureLayer({
  portalItem: {  // autocasts as new PortalItem()
    id: "caa9bd9da1f4487cb4989824053bb847"
  }  // the first layer in the service is returned
});
// Set hostname when using an on-premise portal (default is ArcGIS Online)
// esriConfig.portalUrl = "http://myHostName.esri.com/arcgis";

// While this example uses FeatureLayer, this same pattern can be
// used for SceneLayers.
const lyr = new FeatureLayer({
  portalItem: {  // autocasts as new PortalItem()
    id: "8d26f04f31f642b6828b7023b84c2188"
  },
  // loads the third item in the given feature service
  layerId: 2
});
// This snippet loads a table hosted in ArcGIS Online.
const table = new FeatureLayer({
  portalItem: { // autocasts as esri/portal/PortalItem
    id: "123f4410054b43d7a0bacc1533ceb8dc"
  }
});

// Before adding the table to the map, it must first be loaded and confirm it is the right type.
table.load().then(function() {
  if (table.isTable) {
    map.tables.add(table);
  }
});
refreshInterval Number
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.6

Refresh interval of the layer in minutes. Value of 0 indicates no refresh.

Default Value:0
See also:
Example:
// the layer will be refreshed every 6 seconds.
layer.refreshInterval = 0.1;
spatialReference SpatialReference

The spatial reference of the layer.

spatialReferences Number[]

List of spatialReference well known ids derived from the CRS elements of the first layer in the GetCapabilities request.

sublayers Collection<WMSSublayer>

A subset of the layer's WMSSublayers that will be displayed.

timeExtent TimeExtentautocast
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.17

The layer's time extent. When the layer's useViewTime is false, the layer instructs the view to show data from the layer based on this time extent. If the useViewTime is true, and both layer and view time extents are set, then features that fall within the intersection of the view and layer time extents will be displayed. For example, if the layer's time extent is set to display features between 1970 and 1975 and the view has a time extent set to 1972-1980, the effective time on the feature layer will be 1972-1975.

Examples:
if (!layer.useViewTime) {
  if (layer.timeExtent) {
    console.log("Current timeExtent:", layer.timeExtent.start, " - ", layer.timeExtent.end}
  } else {
    console.log("The layer will display data within the view's timeExtent.");
    console.log("Current view.timeExtent:", view.timeExtent.start, " - ", view.timeExtent.end}
  }
}
// set the timeExtent on the layer and useViewTime false
// In this case, the layer will honor its timeExtent and ignore
// the view's timeExtent
const layer = new WMSLayer({
  url: "https://geo.weather.gc.ca/geomet",
  timeExtent: {
    start: new Date(Date.UTC(2020, 8, 12)),
    end:  new Date(Date.UTC(2020, 8, 14)),
  },
  useViewTime: false
});
// timeExtent is set on the layer and the view
// In this case, the layer will display features that fall
// within the intersection of view and layer time extents
// features within Jan 1, 1976 - Jan 1, 1981 will be displayed
const view = new MapView({
  timeExtent: {
    start: new Date(1976, 0, 1),
    end: new Date(2002, 0, 1)
  }
});
const layer = new WMSLayer({
  url: myUrl,
  timeExtent: {
    start: new Date(1974, 0, 1),
    end: new Date(1981, 0, 1)
  }
});
timeInfo TimeInfoautocast
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.17

TimeInfo provides information such as date fields that store start and end time for each feature and the fullTimeExtent for the layer. The timeInfo property is automatically set at layer initialization if the layer has one or more time dimensions. The fullTimeExtent for timeInfo is automatically set to the union of all time dimension extents. The timeInfo parameters cannot be changed after the layer is loaded.

Default Value:null
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.17

A temporary offset of the time data based on a certain TimeInterval. This allows users to overlay features from two or more time-aware layers with different time extents. For example, if a layer has data recorded for the year 1970, an offset value of 2 years would temporarily shift the data to 1972. You can then overlay this data with data recorded in 1972. A time offset can be used for display purposes only. The query and selection are not affected by the offset.

Default Value:null
Example:
// Offset a CSV Layer containing hurricanes from 2015 so that they appear in 2019 (+4 years).
let layer = new CSVLayer({
  url: `hurricanes-and-storms-2015.csv`,
  timeOffset: {
    value: 4,
    unit: "years"
  },
  timeInfo: {
    startField: "ISO_time"
  },
  renderer: {
    type: "simple",
    symbol: {
      type: "simple-marker",
      size: 6,
      color: "red",
      outline: {
        width: 0.5,
        color: "black"
      }
    }
  }
});
title String

The title of the layer used to identify it in places such as the Legend and LayerList widgets.

When the layer is loaded from a portal item, the title of the portal item will be used. If a layer is loaded as part of a webmap or a webscene, then the title of the layer as stored in the webmap/webscene will be used.

type Stringreadonly

For WMSLayer the type is always "wms".

url String

The URL of the WMS service.

useViewTime Boolean
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.17

Determines if the layer will update its temporal data based on the view's timeExtent. When false, the layer will display its temporal data based on the layer's timeExtent, regardless of changes to the view. If both view and layer time extents are set while this property is true, then the features that fall within the intersection of the view and layer time extents will be displayed. For example, if a layer's time extent is set to display features between 1970 and 1975 and the view has a time extent set to 1972-1980, the effective time on the feature layer will be 1972-1975.

Default Value:true
Example:
if (wmsLayer.useViewTime) {
  console.log("Displaying data between:", view.timeExtent.start, " - ", view.timeExtent.end);
}
version String

Version of the WMS specification to use. For example, 1.3.0, 1.1.1, 1.1 or 1.0.

visible Boolean inherited

Indicates if the layer is visible in the View. When false, the layer may still be added to a Map instance that is referenced in a view, but its features will not be visible in the view.

Default Value:true
Example:
// The layer is no longer visible in the view
layer.visible = false;

Method Overview

Show inherited methods Hide inherited methods
Name Return Type Summary Class
more details

Cancels a load() operation if it is already in progress.

more detailsLayer
Promise<LayerView>more details

Called by the views, such as MapView and SceneView, when the layer is added to the Map.layers collection and a layer view must be created for it.

more detailsLayer
more details

Destroys the layer and any associated resources (including its portalItem, if it is a property on the layer).

more detailsLayer
Booleanmore details

Emits an event on the instance.

more detailsLayer
Promise<Object>more details

Fetching the WMS image.

more detailsWMSLayer
WMSSublayermore details

Returns a WMSSublayer based on the given sublayer id.

more detailsWMSLayer
WMSSublayermore details

Returns a WMSSublayer based on the given sublayer name.

more detailsWMSLayer
Booleanmore details

Indicates whether there is an event listener on the instance that matches the provided event name.

more detailsLayer
Booleanmore details

isFulfilled() may be used to verify if creating an instance of the class is fulfilled (either resolved or rejected).

more detailsLayer
Booleanmore details

isRejected() may be used to verify if creating an instance of the class is rejected.

more detailsLayer
Booleanmore details

isResolved() may be used to verify if creating an instance of the class is resolved.

more detailsLayer
Promisemore details

Loads the resources referenced by this class.

more detailsLayer
Objectmore details

Registers an event handler on the instance.

more detailsLayer
more details

Fetches all the data for the layer.

more detailsWMSLayer
Promisemore details

when() may be leveraged once an instance of the class is created.

more detailsLayer

Method Details

cancelLoad()inherited

Cancels a load() operation if it is already in progress.

createLayerView(view, options){Promise<LayerView>}inherited

Called by the views, such as MapView and SceneView, when the layer is added to the Map.layers collection and a layer view must be created for it. This method is used internally and there is no use case for invoking it directly.

Parameters:
view *

The parent view.

options Object
optional

An object specifying additional options. See the object specification table below for the required properties of this object.

Specification:
signal AbortSignal
optional

A signal to abort the creation of the layerview.

Returns:
Type Description
Promise<LayerView> Resolves with a LayerView instance.
See also:
destroy()inherited
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.17

Destroys the layer and any associated resources (including its portalItem, if it is a property on the layer). The layer can no longer be used once it has been destroyed.

The destroyed layer will be removed from its parent object like Map, WebMap, WebScene, Basemap, Ground, or GroupLayer.

See also:
emit(type, event){Boolean}inherited
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.5

Emits an event on the instance. This method should only be used when creating subclasses of this class.

Parameters:
type String

The name of the event.

event Object
optional

The event payload.

Returns:
Type Description
Boolean true if a listener was notified
fetchImage(extent, width, height, options){Promise<Object>}

Fetching the WMS image.

Parameters:
Specification:
extent Extent

The extent of the view.

width Number

The width of the view in pixels.

height Number

The height of the view in pixels.

options Object
optional

The parameter options is an object with the following properties.

Specification:
pixelRatio Number
optional

The ratio of the resolution in physical pixels of the image to the resolution it will be displayed at.

rotation Number
optional

The rotation in degrees of the exported image.

signal AbortSignal
optional

An AbortSignal to abort the request. If canceled, the promise will be rejected with an error named AbortError. See also AbortController.

Returns:
Type Description
Promise<Object> Resolves to an object with the image data.
findSublayerById(id){WMSSublayer}

Returns a WMSSublayer based on the given sublayer id.

Parameter:
id Number

The id of the WMS sublayer.

Returns:
Type Description
WMSSublayer Returns the requested IWMSSublayer.
findSublayerByName(name){WMSSublayer}
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.17

Returns a WMSSublayer based on the given sublayer name.

Parameter:
name String

The name of the WMS sublayer.

Returns:
Type Description
WMSSublayer Returns the requested WMSSublayer.
Example:
// Display the title and description for the WMS sublayer named "RADAR_1KM_RDBR".
const wmsLayer = new WMSLayer({
  url: "https://geo.weather.gc.ca/geomet"
});
wmsLayer.load().then(() => {
  const subLayer = layer.findSublayerByName("RADAR_1KM_RDBR");
  console.log(`${subLayer.title}`);       // "RADAR - Radar reflectivity (Rain) (1 km) [dBZ]"
  console.log(`${subLayer.description}`); // "Composite of American and Canadian weather radars updated every 10 minutes"
});
hasEventListener(type){Boolean}inherited

Indicates whether there is an event listener on the instance that matches the provided event name.

Parameter:
type String

The name of the event.

Returns:
Type Description
Boolean Returns true if the class supports the input event.
isFulfilled(){Boolean}inherited

isFulfilled() may be used to verify if creating an instance of the class is fulfilled (either resolved or rejected). If it is fulfilled, true will be returned.

Returns:
Type Description
Boolean Indicates whether creating an instance of the class has been fulfilled (either resolved or rejected).
isRejected(){Boolean}inherited

isRejected() may be used to verify if creating an instance of the class is rejected. If it is rejected, true will be returned.

Returns:
Type Description
Boolean Indicates whether creating an instance of the class has been rejected.
isResolved(){Boolean}inherited

isResolved() may be used to verify if creating an instance of the class is resolved. If it is resolved, true will be returned.

Returns:
Type Description
Boolean Indicates whether creating an instance of the class has been resolved.
load(signal){Promise}inherited

Loads the resources referenced by this class. This method automatically executes for a View and all of the resources it references in Map if the view is constructed with a map instance.

This method must be called by the developer when accessing a resource that will not be loaded in a View.

The load() method only triggers the loading of the resource the first time it is called. The subsequent calls return the same promise.

It's possible to provide a signal to stop being interested into a Loadable instance load status. When the signal is aborted, the instance does not stop its loading process, only cancelLoad can abort it.

Parameter:
signal AbortSignal
optional

Signal object that can be used to abort the asynchronous task. The returned promise will be rejected with an Error named AbortError when an abort is signaled. See also AbortController for more information on how to construct a controller that can be used to deliver abort signals.

Returns:
Type Description
Promise Resolves when the resources have loaded.
on(type, listener){Object}inherited

Registers an event handler on the instance. Call this method to hook an event with a listener. See the Events summary table for a list of supported events.

Parameters:

An event or an array of events to listen for.

listener Function

The function to call when the event fires.

Returns:
Type Description
Object Returns an event handler with a remove() method that should be called to stop listening for the event(s).
Property Type Description
remove Function When called, removes the listener from the event.
Example:
view.on("click", function(event){
  // event is the event handle returned after the event fires.
  console.log(event.mapPoint);
});
refresh()
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.6

Fetches all the data for the layer.

See also:
when(callback, errback){Promise}inherited
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.6

when() may be leveraged once an instance of the class is created. This method takes two input parameters: a callback function and an errback function. The callback executes when the instance of the class loads. The errback executes if the instance of the class fails to load.

Parameters:
callback Function
optional

The function to call when the promise resolves.

errback Function
optional

The function to execute when the promise fails.

Returns:
Type Description
Promise Returns a new promise for the result of callback that may be used to chain additional functions.
Example:
// Although this example uses MapView, any class instance that is a promise may use when() in the same way
let view = new MapView();
view.when(function(){
  // This function will execute once the promise is resolved
}, function(error){
  // This function will execute if the promise is rejected due to an error
});

Event Overview

Show inherited events Hide inherited events
Name Type Summary Class
{view: View,layerView: LayerView}
more details

Fires after the layer's LayerView is created and rendered in a view.

more details Layer
{view: View,error: Error}
more details

Fires when an error emits during the creation of a LayerView after a layer has been added to the map.

more details Layer
{view: View,layerView: LayerView}
more details

Fires after the layer's LayerView is destroyed and no longer renders in a view.

more details Layer
more details

Fires when the request is sent to refresh the layer's data.

more details WMSLayer

Event Details

layerview-createinherited

Fires after the layer's LayerView is created and rendered in a view.

Properties:
view View

The view in which the layerView was created.

layerView LayerView

The LayerView rendered in the view representing the layer in layer.

See also:
Example:
// This function will fire each time a layer view is created for this
// particular view.
layer.on("layerview-create", function(event){
  // The LayerView for the layer that emitted this event
  event.layerView;
});
layerview-create-errorinherited

Fires when an error emits during the creation of a LayerView after a layer has been added to the map.

Properties:
view View

The view that failed to create a layerview for the layer emitting this event.

error Error

An error object describing why the layer view failed to create.

See also:
Example:
// This function fires when an error occurs during the creation of the layer's layerview
layer.on("layerview-create-error", function(event) {
  console.error("LayerView failed to create for layer with the id: ", layer.id, " in this view: ", event.view);
});
layerview-destroyinherited

Fires after the layer's LayerView is destroyed and no longer renders in a view.

Properties:
view View

The view in which the layerView was destroyed.

layerView LayerView

The destroyed LayerView representing the layer.

refresh
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.21

Fires when the request is sent to refresh the layer's data.

See also:
Example:
// listen to layer's refresh event to fetch the attachments
// for the updated features.
layer.on("refresh", function(event){
  const query = layer.createQuery();
  layer.queryObjectIds(query).then(function (objectIds) {
    let attachmentQuery = {
      objectIds: objectIds,
      definitionExpression: layer.definitionExpression,
      attachmentTypes: ["image/jpeg"]
    };
    layer.queryAttachments(attachmentQuery).then(function (attachments) {
      attachmentQuery.objectIds.forEach(function (objectId) {
        if (attachments[objectId]) {
          // process the updated attachments
          let attachment = attachments[objectId];
        }
      });
    })
    .catch(function (error) {
      console.log("attachment query error", error);
    });
  });
});

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