Directions

AMD: require(["esri/widgets/Directions"], (Directions) => { /* code goes here */ });
ESM: import Directions from "@arcgis/core/widgets/Directions";
Class: esri/widgets/Directions
Inheritance: Directions Widget Accessor
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.6

The Directions widget provides a way to calculate directions, between two or more input locations with a RouteLayer, using ArcGIS Online and custom Network Analysis Route services. Similar to how route works, this widget generates a route finding a least-cost path between multiple points using a specified routing service. The resulting directions are displayed with detailed turn-by-turn instructions.

Directions widget uses Search to locate each stop, either by selecting a point on the map, or by entering a search term into the textbox. The Search widget uses settings defined in Search properties. This includes the locationType, which defines the type of geocoding result that is returned, and defaults to "street".

The Directions widget is intended to be used with a user defined RouteLayer. This might be an entirely new RouteLayer, or a RouteLayer derived from a route portal item, but it also must be added to the map in order to visualize the route. To retrieve or change the routeServiceUrl or symbology, please access the relevant properties on the layer, instead of on the Directions widget.

It is important to note that the Directions widget will automatically assign two empty stops if the assigned RouteLayer does not have any stops defined. An empty stop is a stop without a name or location. In the UI, these empty stops will appear as a placeholder for the user to either enter a search term, or digitize a location on the map. This behavior exists in legacy mode (no RouteLayer explicitly passed to the Directions widget constructor) as well, in which the Directions widget will assign a temporary RouteLayer if one is not assigned. The legacy behavior that does not add a RouteLayer to Directions widget is still supported, but this behavior is deprecated and subject to removal at a future release. Additionally, there is different default symbology created for a Directions widget instantiated with and without a RouteLayer:

Directions with RouteLayer Directions without RouteLayer
DirectionsWithRouteLayer DirectionsNoRouteLayer

The routing service defaults to this URL: https://route-api.arcgis.com/arcgis/rest/services/World/Route/NAServer/Route_World. This routing service requires authentication. You can use Directions.apiKey, or a global apiKey to specify an apiKey for authentication. Note that when using a global API key, persistence is not supported (e.g. saving web maps, portal items). This includes saving routes in Directions using save or saveAs. Alternatively, you can or use another authentication method to access the routing service. To geocode locations in the Directions widget UI, the built-in Search widget uses this URL by default: https://geocode-api.arcgis.com/arcgis/rest/services/World/GeocodeServer, which also requires authentication.

The resulting directions can be saved as a route portal item using Save or SaveAs buttons. The Save method updates the route portal item associated with the layer (if any). The Save As method is available for all portal users. The Clear route button calls the reset() method, which removes all stops, directions, and the solved route. Any type of customizations made to the underlying functionality of the widget should be handled via its viewModel property.

For information about gaining full control of widget styles, see the Styling topic.
See also:
Examples:
// 1. Add empty RouteLayer to Directions widget

// create a new empty RouteLayer
const routeLayer = new RouteLayer();

// new RouteLayer must be added to the map
// for route visualization
const map = new Map({
  basemap: "topo-vector",
  layers: [routeLayer]
});

// new RouteLayer must be added to Directions widget
const directionsWidget = new Directions({
  view: view,
  layer: routeLayer
});

// adds the Directions widget to the
// top right corner of the view
view.ui.add(directionsWidget, {
  position: "top-right"
});
// 2. Add RouteLayer from portal to Directions widget

// create a new RouteLayer from a portal item
const routeLayer = new RouteLayer({
  portalItem: { // autocasts as new PortalItem()
    id: "fd4188722f3e4e14986abca86cad80c6"
  }
});

// new RouteLayer must be added to the map
// for route visualization
const map = new Map({
  basemap: "topo-vector",
  layers: [routeLayer]
});

// new RouteLayer must be added to Directions widget
const directionsWidget = new Directions({
  view: view,
  layer: routeLayer
});

// adds the Directions widget to the
// bottom right corner of the view
view.ui.add(directionsWidget, {
  position: "bottom-right"
});
// 3. Create a Directions widget with 2 pre-set stops

// create a new RouteLayer with 2 stops
const routeLayer = new RouteLayer({
  stops: [
    { name: "Redlands, CA", geometry: { x: -117.1825, y: 34.0547 } },
    { name: "Palm Springs, CA", geometry: { x: -116.5452, y: 33.8302 } }
  ]
});

// new RouteLayer must be added to the map
// for route visualization
const map = new Map({
  basemap: "topo-vector",
  layers: [routeLayer]
});

// new RouteLayer must be added to Directions widget
const directionsWidget = new Directions({
  view: view,
  layer: routeLayer
});
// 4. Update the empty stops that are automatically added by the Directions widget

// create a new empty RouteLayer
const routeLayer = new RouteLayer();

// new RouteLayer must be added to the map
// for route visualization
const map = new Map({
  basemap: "topo-vector",
  layers: [routeLayer]
});

// new RouteLayer must be added to Directions widget
const directionsWidget = new Directions({
  view: view,
  layer: routeLayer
});

// call the asynchronous function
directionsReady();

// asynchronous function to seed the Directions widget
// with two initials stops (Campton to Plymouth)
// instead of the empty stops
async function directionsReady(){
  await directionsWidget.when();
  directionsWidget.layer.stops.getItemAt(0).name = "Campton, NH";
  directionsWidget.layer.stops.getItemAt(0).geometry = new Point({ x: -71.64133, y: 43.85191 });
  directionsWidget.layer.stops.getItemAt(1).name = "Plymouth, NH";
  directionsWidget.layer.stops.getItemAt(1).geometry = new Point({ x: -71.68808, y: 43.75792 });
}

Constructors

new Directions(properties)
Parameter:
properties Object
optional

See the properties for a list of all the properties that may be passed into the constructor.

Property Overview

Any properties can be set, retrieved or listened to. See the Working with Properties topic.
Show inherited properties Hide inherited properties
Name Type Summary Class
Stringmore details

An authorization string used to access a resource or service.

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String|HTMLElementmore details

The ID or node representing the DOM element containing the widget.

more detailsWidget
Stringmore details

The name of the class.

more detailsAccessor
GoToOverridemore details

This function provides the ability to override either the MapView goTo() or SceneView goTo() methods.

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Numbermore details

Indicates the heading level to use for the origin and destination addresses (i.e.

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Stringmore details

The widget's default CSS icon class.

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Stringmore details

The unique ID assigned to the widget when the widget is created.

more detailsWidget
Stringmore details

The widget's default label.

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RouteLayerSolveResultmore details

The most recent route result.

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RouteLayermore details

The RouteLayer associated with the Directions widget.

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Numbermore details

The maximum number of stops allowed for routing.

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Stringmore details

The URL of the REST endpoint of the Route service.

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SimpleLineSymbolmore details

Defines the symbol used to draw the route on the map.

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SearchPropertiesmore details

Controls the default properties used when searching.

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Objectmore details

The default stop symbols used to display locations between the origin and final destination.

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MapView|SceneViewmore details

The view from which the widget will operate.

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DirectionsViewModelmore details

The view model for this widget.

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Booleanmore details

Indicates whether the widget is visible.

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VisibleElementsmore details

The visible elements that are displayed within the widget.

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Property Details

apiKey String
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.19

An authorization string used to access a resource or service. API keys are generated and managed in the ArcGIS Developer dashboard. An API key is tied explicitly to an ArcGIS account; it is also used to monitor service usage. Setting a fine-grained API key on a specific class overrides the global API key.

By default, the following URLs will be used (unless overwritten in the app, or if using different defaults from a portal):

Geocoding URL: https://geocode-api.arcgis.com/arcgis/rest/services/World/GeocodeServer

Routing URL: https://route-api.arcgis.com/arcgis/rest/services/World/Route/NAServer/Route_World

Example:
const directionsWidget = new Directions({
  view: view,
  layer: routeLayer,
  apiKey: "YOUR_API_KEY"
});
// Add the Directions widget to the top right corner of the view
view.ui.add(directionsWidget, {
  position: "top-right"
});

The ID or node representing the DOM element containing the widget. This property can only be set once. The following examples are all valid use cases when working with widgets.

Examples:
// Create the HTML div element programmatically at runtime and set to the widget's container
const basemapGallery = new BasemapGallery({
  view: view,
  container: document.createElement("div")
});

// Add the widget to the top-right corner of the view
view.ui.add(basemapGallery, {
  position: "top-right"
});
// Specify an already-defined HTML div element in the widget's container

const basemapGallery = new BasemapGallery({
  view: view,
  container: basemapGalleryDiv
});

// Add the widget to the top-right corner of the view
view.ui.add(basemapGallery, {
  position: "top-right"
});

// HTML markup
<body>
  <div id="viewDiv"></div>
  <div id="basemapGalleryDiv"></div>
</body>
// Specify the widget while adding to the view's UI
const basemapGallery = new BasemapGallery({
  view: view
});

// Add the widget to the top-right corner of the view
view.ui.add(basemapGallery, {
  position: "top-right"
});
declaredClass Stringreadonly inherited
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.7

The name of the class. The declared class name is formatted as esri.folder.className.

goToOverride GoToOverride
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.8

This function provides the ability to override either the MapView goTo() or SceneView goTo() methods.

See also:
Example:
// The following snippet uses the Search widget but can be applied to any
// widgets that support the goToOverride property.
search.goToOverride = function(view, goToParams) {
  goToParams.options.duration = updatedDuration;
  return view.goTo(goToParams.target, goToParams.options);
};
headingLevel Number
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.20

Indicates the heading level to use for the origin and destination addresses (i.e. "380 New York Street"). By default, this is rendered as a level 2 heading (e.g. <h2>380 New York Street</h2>). Depending on the widget's placement in your app, you may need to adjust this heading for proper semantics. This is important for meeting accessibility standards.

Default Value:2
See also:
Example:
// address text will render as an <h3>
directions.headingLevel = 3;
iconClass String
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.7

The widget's default CSS icon class.

The unique ID assigned to the widget when the widget is created. If not set by the developer, it will default to the container ID, or if that is not present then it will be automatically generated.

label String
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.7

The widget's default label.

lastRoute RouteLayerSolveResultreadonly

The most recent route result. Returns a RouteLayerSolveResult object containing properties for barriers (if any), stops, and directions.

Properties:
directionLines Collection<DirectionLine>

Collection of direction polylines associated with line segments between turns.

directionPoints Collection<DirectionPoint>

Collection of direction items as points with various display information.

pointBarriers Collection<PointBarrier>

Collection of point barriers.

polygonBarriers Collection<PolygonBarrier>

Collection of polygon barriers.

polylineBarriers Collection<PolylineBarrier>

Collection of polyline barriers.

routeInfo RouteInfo

Information about a solved route including the route's geometry and overall distance and time.

stops Collection<Stop>

Collection of stops. Respresents the start, end, or midpoint of a route.

Default Value:null
See also:
layer RouteLayer
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.24

The RouteLayer associated with the Directions widget. The RouteLayer contains stops and barriers and will be used to display and solve routes. If a RouteLayer is not explicitly defined, then a layer will be automatically created and added to the view.

maxStops Number

The maximum number of stops allowed for routing.

Default Value:50
routeServiceUrl String
Deprecated since version 4.24. Use url from layer instead.

The URL of the REST endpoint of the Route service.

By default, the DirectionsViewModel will use the global routing serice (see config.routeServiceUrl).

If connected to a Portal you can use the route service advertised on the portal's helper services as demonstrated below.

See also:
Examples:
// Create Directions using the route service advertised on the portal
const portal = Portal.getDefault();
const directions = new Directions({
  routeServiceUrl: portal.helperServices.route.url,
  view: view
});
// Create Directions using a defined route service with an apiKey
const portal = Portal.getDefault();
const directions = new Directions({
  apiKey: "YOUR_API_KEY",
  layer: routeLayer,
  routeServiceUrl: "https://route-api.arcgis.com/arcgis/rest/services/World/Route/NAServer/Route_World",
  view: view
});
routeSymbol SimpleLineSymbol
Deprecated since version 4.24. Use directionLines from layer instead.

Defines the symbol used to draw the route on the map.

searchProperties SearchProperties

Controls the default properties used when searching. Note that the default searchProperties differ slightly from the Search widget.

Default Value:null
stopSymbols Object
Deprecated since version 4.24. Use RouteStopSymbols from layer instead.

The default stop symbols used to display locations between the origin and final destination.

Properties:
first Symbol
optional

The first stop symbol.

middle Symbol
optional

The middle stop symbol.

last Symbol
optional

The last stop symbol.

unlocated Symbol
optional

An unlocated stop symbol.

waypoint Symbol
optional

A waypoint stop symbol.

The view from which the widget will operate.

The view model for this widget. This is a class that contains all the logic (properties and methods) that controls this widget's behavior. See the DirectionsViewModel class to access all properties and methods on the widget.

visible Boolean inherited

Indicates whether the widget is visible.

If false, the widget will no longer be rendered in the web document. This may affect the layout of other elements or widgets in the document. For example, if this widget is the first of three widgets associated to the upper right hand corner of the view UI, then the other widgets will reposition when this widget is made invisible. For more information, refer to the CSS display value of "none".

Default Value:true
Example:
// Hides the widget in the view
widget.visible = false;
visibleElements VisibleElementsautocast
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.24

The visible elements that are displayed within the widget. This property provides the ability to turn individual elements of the widget's display on/off.

Example:
// Hide the save button, save-as button and layer details link.
const directions = new Directions({
  view: view,
  layer: routeLayer,
  visibleElements: {
    layerDetailsLink: false,
    saveAsButton: false,
    saveButton: false
  }
});

Method Overview

Show inherited methods Hide inherited methods
Name Return Type Summary Class
Stringmore details

A utility method used for building the value for a widget's class property.

more detailsWidget
more details

Destroys the widget instance.

more detailsWidget
Booleanmore details

Emits an event on the instance.

more detailsWidget
Promise<RouteLayerSolveResult>more details

Computes a route and directions.

more detailsDirections
Booleanmore details

Indicates whether there is an event listener on the instance that matches the provided event name.

more detailsWidget
Booleanmore details

isFulfilled() may be used to verify if creating an instance of the class is fulfilled (either resolved or rejected).

more detailsWidget
Booleanmore details

isRejected() may be used to verify if creating an instance of the class is rejected.

more detailsWidget
Booleanmore details

isResolved() may be used to verify if creating an instance of the class is resolved.

more detailsWidget
Objectmore details

Registers an event handler on the instance.

more detailsWidget
more details

Adds one or more handles which are to be tied to the lifecycle of the widget.

more detailsWidget
more details

This method is primarily used by developers when implementing custom widgets.

more detailsWidget
Objectmore details

This method is primarily used by developers when implementing custom widgets.

more detailsWidget
more details

Renders widget to the DOM immediately.

more detailsWidget
Promise<PortalItem>more details

Saves the RouteLayer associated with the view model.

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Promise<PortalItem>more details

Saves the RouteLayer associated with the view model as a new portal item.

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more details

This method is primarily used by developers when implementing custom widgets.

more detailsWidget
Promisemore details

when() may be leveraged once an instance of the class is created.

more detailsWidget
more details

Zoom so that the full route is displayed within the current map extent.

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Method Details

classes(classNames){String}inherited
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.7

A utility method used for building the value for a widget's class property. This aids in simplifying CSS class setup.

Parameter:
classNames String|String[]|Object
repeatable

The class names.

Returns:
Type Description
String The computed class name.
See also:
Example:
// .tsx syntax showing how to set CSS classes while rendering the widget

render() {
  const dynamicIconClasses = {
    [CSS.myIcon]: this.showIcon,
    [CSS.greyIcon]: !this.showIcon
  };

  return (
    <div class={classes(CSS.root, CSS.mixin, dynamicIconClasses)} />
  );
}
destroy()inherited

Destroys the widget instance.

emit(type, event){Boolean}inherited

Emits an event on the instance. This method should only be used when creating subclasses of this class.

Parameters:
type String

The name of the event.

event Object
optional

The event payload.

Returns:
Type Description
Boolean true if a listener was notified
getDirections(){Promise<RouteLayerSolveResult>}

Computes a route and directions. If successfully computed, results will be assigned to lastRoute returned. If a view is assigned, it will zoom to the extent of the route.

Returns:
Type Description
Promise<RouteLayerSolveResult> When resolved, returns a RouteLayerSolveResult.
hasEventListener(type){Boolean}inherited

Indicates whether there is an event listener on the instance that matches the provided event name.

Parameter:
type String

The name of the event.

Returns:
Type Description
Boolean Returns true if the class supports the input event.
isFulfilled(){Boolean}inherited
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.19

isFulfilled() may be used to verify if creating an instance of the class is fulfilled (either resolved or rejected). If it is fulfilled, true will be returned.

Returns:
Type Description
Boolean Indicates whether creating an instance of the class has been fulfilled (either resolved or rejected).
isRejected(){Boolean}inherited
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.19

isRejected() may be used to verify if creating an instance of the class is rejected. If it is rejected, true will be returned.

Returns:
Type Description
Boolean Indicates whether creating an instance of the class has been rejected.
isResolved(){Boolean}inherited
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.19

isResolved() may be used to verify if creating an instance of the class is resolved. If it is resolved, true will be returned.

Returns:
Type Description
Boolean Indicates whether creating an instance of the class has been resolved.
on(type, listener){Object}inherited

Registers an event handler on the instance. Call this method to hook an event with a listener.

Parameters:

An event or an array of events to listen for.

listener Function

The function to call when the event fires.

Returns:
Type Description
Object Returns an event handler with a remove() method that should be called to stop listening for the event(s).
Property Type Description
remove Function When called, removes the listener from the event.
Example:
view.on("click", function(event){
  // event is the event handle returned after the event fires.
  console.log(event.mapPoint);
});
own(handleOrHandles)inherited
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.24

Adds one or more handles which are to be tied to the lifecycle of the widget. The handles will be removed when the widget is destroyed.

const handle = reactiveUtils.when(
  () => !view.updating,
  () => {
    wkidSelect.disabled = false;
  },
  { once: true}
);

this.own(handle); // Handle gets removed when the widget is destroyed.
Parameter:
handleOrHandles WatchHandle|WatchHandle[]

Handles marked for removal once the widget is destroyed.

postInitialize()inherited

This method is primarily used by developers when implementing custom widgets. Executes after widget is ready for rendering.

render(){Object}inherited

This method is primarily used by developers when implementing custom widgets. It must be implemented by subclasses for rendering.

Returns:
Type Description
Object The rendered virtual node.
renderNow()inherited

Renders widget to the DOM immediately.

save(){Promise<PortalItem>}
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.24

Saves the RouteLayer associated with the view model. This method will update the portal-item associated with layer.

Returns:
Type Description
Promise<PortalItem> When resolved, returns a PortalItem.
See also:
saveAs(portalItem, options){Promise<PortalItem>}
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.24

Saves the RouteLayer associated with the view model as a new portal item.

Parameters:
portalItem Promise<PortalItem>

The new portal item to which the layer will be saved.

options Object
optional

Save options. Currently, there is only one property that can be set, which is folder.

Specification:
folder PortalFolder
optional

The folder in which to save the item.

Returns:
Type Description
Promise<PortalItem> Saved portal item.
See also:
scheduleRender()inherited

This method is primarily used by developers when implementing custom widgets. Schedules widget rendering. This method is useful for changes affecting the UI.

when(callback, errback){Promise}inherited
Since: ArcGIS API for JavaScript 4.19

when() may be leveraged once an instance of the class is created. This method takes two input parameters: a callback function and an errback function. The callback executes when the instance of the class loads. The errback executes if the instance of the class fails to load.

Parameters:
callback Function
optional

The function to call when the promise resolves.

errback Function
optional

The function to execute when the promise fails.

Returns:
Type Description
Promise Returns a new promise for the result of callback that may be used to chain additional functions.
Example:
// Although this example uses the BasemapGallery widget, any class instance that is a promise may use when() in the same way
let bmGallery = new BasemapGallery();
bmGallery.when(function(){
  // This function will execute once the promise is resolved
}, function(error){
  // This function will execute if the promise is rejected due to an error
});
zoomToRoute()

Zoom so that the full route is displayed within the current map extent.

Type Definitions

SearchProperties

Configurable Search properties of the widget.

Properties:
activeSourceIndex Number
optional

Number index indicating the current selected source.

allPlaceholder String
optional

String value used as a hint for input text when searching on multiple sources.

autoNavigate Boolean
optional
Default Value:true

Indicates whether to automatically navigate to the selected result once selected.

autoSelect Boolean
optional

Indicates whether to automatically select and zoom to the first geocoded result.

includeDefaultSources Boolean|Function
optional

Indicates whether or not to include defaultSources in the Search UI. This can be a boolean value or a function that returns an array of Search sources.

locationType String
optional

Define the type of location, either "street" or "rooftop". The default value will be "street" for any locator source that does not define a locationType.

maxResults Number
optional
Default Value:6

Indicates the maximum number of search results to return.

maxSuggestions Number
optional
Default Value:6

Indicates the maximum number of suggestions to return for the widget's input.

minSuggestCharacters Number
optional
Default Value:1

Indicates the minimum number of characters required before querying for a suggestion.

popupEnabled Boolean
optional
Default Value:false

Indicates whether to display a Popup when a selected result is clicked.

popupTemplate PopupTemplate
optional

A customized PopupTemplate for the selected feature.

resultGraphicEnabled Boolean
optional
Default Value:false

Indicates whether to show a graphic on the map for the selected source.

searchAllEnabled Boolean
optional

Indicates whether to display the option to search all sources.

searchTerm String
optional

The value of the search box input text string.

optional

Specifies the sources to search in the view.

suggestionsEnabled Boolean
optional
Default Value:true

Indicates whether to display suggestions as the user enters input text in the widget.

optional

The view of the widget.

viewModel SearchViewModel
optional

The Search widget's view model.

VisibleElements

The visible elements that are displayed within the widget. This provides the ability to turn individual elements of the widget's display on/off.

Properties:
layerDetails Boolean
optional

Indicates whether to a link to the route layer portal-item (if any) will be displayed. Default is true.

saveAsButton Boolean
optional

Indicates whether to the Save As button will be displayed. Default is true.

saveButton Boolean
optional

Indicates whether to the Save button will be displayed. Default is true.

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