Add raster data

You can add raster data stored on your device or raster data from an image service by performing one of the following tasks:

Raster data provides a unique way to analyze and visualize geographic phenomena. Rasters consist of a matrix of cells, with each cell containing a value. Rasters can have multiple dimensions or bands, for example, the red, green, and blue channels in an aerial photo. Rasters are different from vectors, which use points, lines, and polygons to represent features. For more information on raster data, including advantages and disadvantages of using it, see What is raster data? and Imagery and raster in ArcGIS Pro in the ArcGIS Desktop help.

Raster data is represented by the AGSRaster class. Your ArcGIS Runtime app can work with many sources of raster data including raster files, mosaic datasets, raster data shared through image services, or the results of raster functions. A raster function can take any of these rasters as input for analysis.

The Raster object implements the loadable pattern, which asynchronously accesses raster data from remote services or datasets.

Raster data supports the identify operation to obtain AGSRasterCell values when a user clicks on a pixel in a AGSMapView or AGSSceneView for AGSRasterLayers.

Create a raster from a raster file

To add raster files stored on your desktop or device to your app, create a AGSRaster object using the path of the raster file.

    
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// create a raster from a raster file
let raster = AGSRaster(fileURL: url)
// create a RasterLayer using the Raster
let rasterLayer = AGSRasterLayer(raster: raster)

Load a raster from a GeoPackage

A GeoPackage is an open, standards-based, platform-independent, portable, self-describing, compact format for transferring geospatial information. It is a platform-independent SQLite database file that contains data and metadata tables. For details, refer to the OGC GeoPackage specification. Using ArcGIS Runtime SDK, you can read a local GeoPackage and load the feature tables and rasters it contains.

Open a GeoPackage using the path to the .gpkg file. The GeoPackageRasters property returns a collection of all rasters in the package. You can work with a GeoPackageRaster as you would any other AGSRaster, including adding it as a AGSRasterLayer to your app's map.

Create a raster from a mobile mosaic dataset

Raster data stored in a mobile mosaic dataset should be read through the AGSMosaicDatasetRaster, which inherits from AGSRaster. The AGSMosaicDatasetRaster object is instantiated with a path of the mobile geodatabase and a name of the dataset.

      
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let names = AGSMosaicDatasetRaster.mosaicDatasetRasterNamesFromDatabase(atFileURL: url)
//get first raster name
if let rasterName = names.first {
    //create a raster from a mosaic dataset
    let raster = AGSMosaicDatasetRaster(fileURL: url, name: rasterName)
}

Create a mobile mosaic dataset and add raster files

AGSMosaicDatasetRaster can also be used to create a mobile mosaic dataset in a new mobile geodatabase and save it to the device. After the mobile mosaic dataset is created, individual raster files can be asynchronously added to it. The mobile geodatabase is created when the AGSMosaicDatasetRaster is loaded successfully.

Use the AGSAddRastersParameters class to perform tasks, such as the following:

  • Set the input directory containing the raster files to be added
  • Control other properties of the mosaic, such as minimum and maximum pixel sizes

Create a raster from an image service

Raster and image data can be shared as an image service using ArcGIS Server. An image service provides access to raster data through a web service. A single raster dataset or a mosaic dataset that contains a collection of raster datasets can be served as one image service. The mosaic dataset can dynamically process and mosaic the images on the fly. An image service supports accessing both the mosaicked image and its catalog, as well as individual rasters in the catalog. For more information on image services, see Key concepts for image services in the ArcGIS help.

Use the AGSImageServiceRaster class to work with image services in your ArcGIS Runtime app. You can create an AGSImageServiceRaster with the URL of an image service. And if you want to display the raster data on a map, create a raster layer for it.

For mosaicked images, a mosaic rule defines how the individual rasters are combined. You can use the default rule defined with the service or, starting with 100.9.0, define rule settings to control how overlapping areas in the mosaic are handled. In addition to how it's displayed, the mosaic rule may effect values returned when identifying, computing a histogram, or exporting the image.

AGSImageServiceRaster is a subclass of AGSRaster, so any operation that can be applied to the Raster class, such as raster functions, can also be applied to AGSImageServiceRaster. Besides the common properties inherited from the AGSRaster class, AGSImageServiceRaster has additional properties and capabilities, such as the image service metadata and rendering rules. After the image service raster has been loaded, the metadata of the image service can be retrieved through the service info property, which is represented by AGSArcGISImageServiceInfo. However, only a subset of the metadata, including attribution text and a list of information on predefined service rendering rules, is exposed in ArcGIS Runtime. For more information on the metadata of an image service, see Image Service in the ArcGIS REST API help.

         
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let imageServiceRaster = AGSImageServiceRaster(fileURL: url)
imageServiceRaster.load { (error) in
    if let error = error {
        print(error)
        return
    }
    let serviceInfo = imageServiceRaster.serviceInfo
    let renderingRuleInfos = serviceInfo?.renderingRuleInfos
     }

Create a raster from a raster function

Raster functions can be applied to a raster to process that data. This processing is not permanently applied to the data; instead, it is applied on the fly as the rasters are accessed.

ArcGIS Runtime supports a subset of raster functions that the ArcGIS REST API supports.

The code below gives an example of how to create a raster from a raster function.

            
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// create a raster function
let rasterFunction = AGSRasterFunction(fileURL: URL(fileURLWithPath: "/path/to/file.json"))
// initialize the arguments of the raster function
let rasterFunctionArguments = rasterFunction.arguments
if let rasterFunctionArguments = rasterFunctionArguments {
    let rasterNames = rasterFunctionArguments.rasterNames
    // assuming rasterNames has 2 entries, set the 2 rasters
    rasterFunctionArguments.setRaster(AGSRaster(fileURL: url1), withName: rasterNames[0])
    rasterFunctionArguments.setRaster(AGSRaster(fileURL: url2), withName: rasterNames[1])
    // create a new raster based on the function
    let raster = AGSRaster(rasterFunction: rasterFunction)
}

Raster functions supported by ArcGIS Runtime

ArcGIS Runtime supports a subset of raster functions supported by ArcGIS REST API. The raster functions supported by ArcGIS Runtime are provided in this section, along with the syntax for using them. The syntax is close to the ArcGIS REST syntax for the same functions but is not exactly the same.

The general syntax for ArcGIS Runtime raster functions is the following:

           
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{
  "raster_function":{"type":"<Raster Function Name>"},
  "raster_function_arguments":
  {
    "argument1":"<JSON Value Object>",
    "argument2":"<JSON Value Object>",
    "argumentN":"<JSON Value Object>",
    "type":"Raster_function_arguments"
  },
  "type":"Raster_function_template"
}

Clip

              
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  "raster_function_arguments":
  {
    "minx":{"double":value,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "miny":{"double":value,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "maxx":{"double":value,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "maxy":{"double":value,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "dx":{"double":cell_size_x,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "dy":{"double":cell_size_y,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "raster":{"name":"raster","is_raster":true,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "type":"Raster_function_arguments"
  },
  "raster_function":{"type":"Clip_function"},
  "type":"Raster_function_template"
}

Colormap

          
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{
  "raster_function_arguments":
  {
    "raster_colormap":{"colors":[color1,color2,...,colorN],"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "raster":{"name":"raster","is_raster":true,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "type":"Raster_function_arguments"
  },
  "raster_function":{"type":"Colormap_function"},
  "type":"Raster_function_template"
}

Colormap_to_RGB

         
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{
  "raster_function":{"type":"Colormap_to_RGB_function"},
  "raster_function_arguments":
  {
    "raster":{"name":"raster","is_raster":true,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "type":"Raster_function_arguments"
  },
  "type":"Raster_function_template"
}

Color_ramp

                          
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{
  "raster_function":{"type":"Color_ramp_function"},
  "raster_function_arguments":
  {
    "resizable":{"bool":false,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "color_ramp":
    {
      "color_ramp":
      {
        "ramps":
        [
         {"to_color":[0,255,0],"from_color":[0,191,191],"num_colors":3932,"type":"Algorithmic_color_ramp","algorithmic_type":"hsv"},
         {"to_color":[255,255,0],"from_color":[0,255,0],"num_colors":3932,"type":"Algorithmic_color_ramp","algorithmic_type":"hsv"},
         {"to_color":[255,127,0],"from_color":[255,255,0],"num_colors":3932,"type":"Algorithmic_color_ramp","algorithmic_type":"hsv"},
         {"to_color":[191,127,63],"from_color":[255,127,0],"num_colors":3932,"type":"Algorithmic_color_ramp","algorithmic_type":"hsv"},
         {"to_color":[20,20,20],"from_color":[191,127,63],"num_colors":3935,"type":"Algorithmic_color_ramp","algorithmic_type":"hsv"}
        ],
        "type":"Multipart_color_ramp"
      },
      "type":"Raster_function_variable"
    },
    "raster":{"name":"raster","is_raster":true,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "type":"Raster_function_arguments"
  },
  "type":"Raster_function_template"
}

Composite_band

             
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{
  "raster_function":{"type":"Composite_band_function"},
  "raster_function_arguments":
  {
    "raster_names":{"name":"raster_names","string_array":["r1","r2","r3","r4"],"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "r1":{"name":"r1","is_raster":true,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "r2":{"name":"r2","is_raster":true,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "r3":{"name":"r3","is_raster":true,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "r4":{"name":"r4","is_raster":true,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "type":"Raster_function_arguments"
  },
  "type":"Raster_function_template"
}

Extract_band

           
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{
  "raster_function_arguments":
  {
    "exact_match":{"bool":false,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "band_indexes":{"int_array":[2,1,0],"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "raster":{"name":"raster","is_raster":true,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "type":"Raster_function_arguments"
  },
  "raster_function":{"type":"Extract_band_function"},
  "type":"Raster_function_template"
}

Geometric

            
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{
  "raster_function":{"type":"Geometric_function"},
  "raster_function_arguments":
  {
    "raster_transform":{"raster_transform":"Raster Transform JSON object","type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "z_offset":{"double":0,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "z_factor":{"double":1,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "raster":{"is_raster":true,"name":"raster","type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "type":"Raster_function_arguments"
  },
  "type":"Raster_function_template"
}

Hillshade

              
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{
  "raster_function":{"type":"Hillshade_function"},
  "raster_function_arguments":
  {
    "z_factor":{"double":0.0002,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "slope_type":{"raster_slope_type":"none","type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "azimuth":{"double":315,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "altitude":{"double":45,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "nbits":{"int":8,"type":"Raster_function_variable"}, // Number of bits per pixel for output raster
    "raster":{"name":"raster","is_raster":true,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "type":"Raster_function_arguments"
  },
  "type":"Raster_function_template"
}

Mask

           
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{
  "raster_function":{"type":"Mask_function"},
  "raster_function_arguments":
  {
    "nodata_values":{"double_array":[value1, value2, ..., valueN],"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "nodata_interpretation":{"nodata_interpretation":"all","type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "raster":{"name":"raster","is_raster":true,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "type":"Raster_function_arguments"
  },
  "type":"Raster_function_template"
}

Pansharpen

            
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{
  "raster_function":{"type":"Pansharpen_function"},
  "raster_function_arguments":
  {
    "weights":{"double_array":[0.10000000000000001,0.5,0.40000000000000002,0.29999999999999999],"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "pansharpen_type":{"pansharpen_type":"gram_schmidt","type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "pan_raster":{"name":"pan_raster","is_raster":true,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "raster":{"name":"raster","is_raster":true,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "type":"Raster_function_arguments"
  },
  "type":"Raster_function_template"
}

Raster_calculator

             
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{
  "raster_function_arguments":
  {
    "expression":{"string":"r1 + r2","name":"expression","type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "raster_names":{"name":"raster_names","type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "raster_names":{"name":"raster_names","string_array":["r1","r2"],"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "r1":{"name":"r1","is_raster":true,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "r2":{"name":"r2","is_raster":true,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "type":"Raster_function_arguments"
  },
  "raster_function":{"type":"Raster_calculator_function"},
  "type":"Raster_function_template"
}

Stretch

             
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{
  "raster_function":{"type":"Stretch_function"},
  "raster_function_arguments":
  {
    "stretch_type":{"raster_stretch_type":"minimum_maximum","type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "min_values":{"double_array":[-10977],"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "max_values":{"double_array":[8685],"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "estimate_stats":{"bool":false,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "raster":{"name":"raster","is_raster":true,"type":"Raster_function_variable"},
    "type":"Raster_function_arguments"
  },
  "type":"Raster_function_template"
}

Add a raster using a raster layer

It's not necessary to display the raster data you work with in your app. However, if you want your users to view raster data on a map, add the raster using the AGSRasterLayer class. AGSRasterLayer can render raster data from any type of raster. See Layers for more information about creating and working with raster layers.

     
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let rasterLayer = AGSRasterLayer(raster: raster)
//add the raster layer as a basemap
self.map.basemap = AGSBasemap(baseLayer: rasterLayer)
 //alternatively, add the raster layer as an operational layer
self.map.operationalLayers.add(rasterLayer)

You can add a raster layer to a map as either a basemap or an operational layer. When adding a raster layer as an operational layer to a map with different spatial reference, the layer will be reprojected on the fly and added to the map.

You can also change the renderer to control how the data is visualized on the map.

See Layers for more information about creating and working with raster layers.

Supported raster formats

ArcGIS Runtime supports a subset of raster file formats that ArcGIS Desktop supports. The raster file formats ArcGIS Runtime supports include the following:

  • ASRP/USRP
  • CRF
  • DTED0, 1, 2
  • GeoTIFF
  • HFA
  • HRE
  • IMG
  • JPEG
  • JPEG 2000
  • MrSID, generations 2, 3, and 4
  • NITF
  • PNG
  • RPF (CIB)
  • RPF (CADRG)
  • SRTM1, 2
  • Mobile mosaic datasets

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