Build a dark mode switch

Learn how to create a component that switches Calcite Components and ArcGIS Maps SDK for JavaScript in dark mode.

You will use Calcite Components to design an elegant dark mode switch that enables the dark mode for Calcite Components, as well as ArcGIS Maps SDK for JavaScript widgets and basemaps. This application builds on the one created in the Create a mapping app tutorial.

Calcite provides light and dark modes which can be changed using CSS classes: calcite-mode-light (default) and calcite-mode-dark. There is also a calcite-mode-auto class which defers to the browser's CSS prefers-color-scheme media query. Setting the mode class on an element changes all of their child nodes as well.

For more information about mode and styling, visit Calcite Design System's colors and modes foundation and ArcGIS Maps SDK for JavaScript's styling documentation.

Prerequisites

ArcGIS developer account

You need a free ArcGIS developer account or an account associated with an ArcGIS Online organization to access the services used in this tutorial.

Steps

Create a new pen

  1. To get started, either complete the Create a mapping app tutorial or .

Use an API key

An API key is required to access ArcGIS services if you are using a developer account. You can skip this step if you have an account associated with an ArcGIS Online organization.

  1. Go to your developer dashboard to get an API key.
  2. In CodePen > <script>, import the esriConfig class.
  3. Set the apiKey property.
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  "esri/widgets/Print",
  "esri/config"
], function (WebMap, MapView, Bookmarks, BasemapGallery, LayerList, Legend, Print, esriConfig ) {
esriConfig.apiKey = "YOUR_API_KEY";

Add theme stylesheets

The ArcGIS Maps SDK for JavaScript uses separate theme stylesheets. Add both light and dark stylesheets, which will be dynamically toggled in JavaScript using their id attributes.

  1. Add the dark theme stylesheet, set the disabled attribute, and add an id.
  2. Add an id to the preexisting light theme stylesheet.
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    <script src="https://js.arcgis.com/calcite-components/2.5.1/calcite.esm.js" type="module"></script>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://js.arcgis.com/calcite-components/2.5.1/calcite.css" />
    <script src="https://js.arcgis.com/4.27/"></script>

    <link disabled id="arcgis-maps-sdk-theme-dark" rel="stylesheet" href="https://js.arcgis.com/4.27/esri/themes/dark/main.css" />

    <link id="arcgis-maps-sdk-theme-light" rel="stylesheet" href="https://js.arcgis.com/4.27/esri/themes/light/main.css" />
Expand

Add HTML

The primary component in the dark mode switch is calcite-switch. The mode switcher will also use calcite-label to provide context when the dark mode is toggled.

  1. In the calcite-shell component, add a div element and place it in the shell's header slot with an id attribute used later for styling.
  1. Add a nested div element within the header slot. Include an id attribute used later for styling.
  2. Add a calcite-label component. Set the layout attribute to "inline", and add a class attribute used later for styling.
  3. Add a class, which you will use for styling the component.
  4. Add the calcite-switch component.
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  <body>
    <calcite-loader></calcite-loader>
    <calcite-shell content-behind hidden>

      <!--  Header slot  -->
      <div slot="header" id="header">

        <!-- Title -->
        <h2 id="header-title">
          <!-- Dynamically populated -->
        </h2>

        <!-- Controls -->
        <div id="header-controls">
          <!-- Dark Mode Switch -->
          <calcite-label layout="inline" class="label-wrapper">
            Dark mode: Off
            <calcite-switch></calcite-switch>
            On
          </calcite-label>
        </div>
      </div>
Expand

Add CSS

At this point, if you run the app you will see the dark mode switcher in the top, left corner of the application.

Next, add styling with CSS to position the component using Flexbox.

  1. In the <style> element, add CSS for the header using the id created for the header slot. To space content in the header, add padding and set the header slot's background-color to the --calcite-color-foreground-1 CSS variable.

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        #header {
          display: flex;
          padding: 0 1rem;
          background-color: var(--calcite-color-foreground-1);
        }
    
    Expand
  2. Add styles to the header controls using the id for the header slot's nested div. The additional div element's styling can accommodate one, or multiple components. To space the header controls, use the margin-inline-start and align-self CSS properties.

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        #header-controls {
          display: flex;
          margin-inline-start: auto;
          align-self: center;
        }
    
    Expand
  3. To configure the dark mode switch's layout, set the margin-inline and padding CSS properties. Add a border using the --calcite-color-border-1 CSS variable for the color. Next, add a margin CSS property to the calcite-switch, which will accommodate future controls in the interface.

  4. Next, add the calcite-label's --calcite-label-margin-bottom CSS variable to set spacing below the component.

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        calcite-label {
          --calcite-label-margin-bottom: 0px;
        }
    
    Expand
  5. Finally, set the switch's cursor property to "pointer" to communicate that the switch container is clickable.

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        .label-wrapper {
          display: flex;
          margin-inline: 1rem;
          padding: 0.5rem;
          border: 1px solid var(--calcite-color-border-1);
          cursor: pointer;
        }
    
        calcite-switch {
          margin: 0 0.5rem;
        }
    
    Expand

Add JavaScript

Now you have a good looking component; but it doesn't enable dark mode. Next, wire up the dark mode switcher with JavaScript.

  1. In the <script> element, below the existing JavaScript code, create a new function to enable dark mode.
  2. Switch the calcite-mode-dark class on the <body> element. No need to add the calcite-mode-light class, since it is the default.
  3. Access the ArcGIS Maps SDK for JavaScript light and dark stylesheets using the id attributes you added above.
  4. Negate the disabled attribute on both stylesheets to toggle their boolean values.
  5. Change the basemap between gray-vector and dark-gray-vector depending on the current mode.
  6. Add an event listener to the calcite-switch component. Listen for the calciteSwitchChange event and provide the function you created.
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        document.querySelector("calcite-shell").hidden = false;
        document.querySelector("calcite-loader").hidden = true;

        const updateDarkMode = () => {
          // Calcite mode
          document.body.classList.toggle("calcite-mode-dark");
          // ArcGIS Maps SDK theme
          const dark = document.querySelector("#arcgis-maps-sdk-theme-dark");
          const light = document.querySelector("#arcgis-maps-sdk-theme-light");
          dark.disabled = !dark.disabled;
          light.disabled = !light.disabled;
          // ArcGIS Maps SDK basemap
          map.basemap = dark.disabled ? "gray-vector" : "dark-gray-vector";
        };

        document.querySelector("calcite-switch").addEventListener("calciteSwitchChange", updateDarkMode);

      });
    });
  </script>
</html>

Run the app

In CodePen, run your code to display the application.

In the top, right corner of the screen you will see the new, beautiful dark mode switcher component. Clicking anywhere on the component will toggle the calcite-switch. The function you created for the event listener will run, which will toggle Calcite Components in dark mode, as well as the ArcGIS Maps SDK for JavaScript basemap and widgets.

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