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Creating the geoprocessor

To do geoprocessing in the ArcGIS JavaScript API, you'll use the esri.tasks.Geoprocessor class. The constructor for this class requires the URL of the geoprocessing task you are going to run. You can use the Services Directory to discover the URL.

The Services Directory contains links for all the available services. The image below shows an example of what you see when you click a link for a geoprocessing service.

The ESRI_Elevation_World page in the Services Directory

The breadcrumbs below the title bar show that this is the geoprocessing service ESRI_Elevation_World in the folder Elevation. In the service there is one task, Profile Service, which is a geoprocessing model available on the server. A geoprocessing service can have multiple tasks available, because the server administrator publishes the service from a toolbox that can hold many models.

Here's what you see if you follow the link to the Profile Service task:

The Viewshed task in the Services Directory

The URL from this page is what you should copy and paste in your code when you create the Geoprocessor:

require(["esri/tasks/Geoprocessor", ... ], function(Geoprocessor, ... ) {
  gp = new Geoprocessor("https://sampleserver6.arcgisonline.com/arcgis/rest/services/Elevation/ESRI_Elevation_World/GPServer");
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