GeometryEngine QML Type
Performs geometric operations such as spatial relationship tests, reprojections, shape manipulations, topological query and analysis operations on Geometry objects. More...
Import Statement:  import Esri.ArcGISRuntime 
Since:  Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.0 
Inherits: 
 List of all members, including inherited members
 GeometryEngine is part of QML Type List.
Methods
 double area(Geometry geometry)
 double areaGeodetic(Geometry geometry, AreaUnit unit, GeodeticCurveType curveType)
 list<Geometry> autoComplete(list<Geometry> existingBoundaries, list<Geometry> newBoundaries)
 Geometry boundary(Geometry geometry)
 Polygon buffer(Geometry geometry, double distance)
 Polygon bufferGeodetic(Geometry geometry, double distance, LinearUnit unit, double maxDeviation, GeodeticCurveType curveType)
 list<Polygon> bufferGeodeticOfGeometries(list<Geometry> geometries, list<double> distances, LinearUnit unit, double maxDeviation, Enums::GeodeticCurveType curveType, bool unionResult)
 list<Polygon> bufferOfGeometries(list<Geometry> geometries, list<double> distances, bool unionResult)
 Geometry clip(Geometry geometry, Envelope envelope)
 Geometry combineExtents(Geometry geometry1, Geometry geometry2)
 Geometry combineExtentsOfGeometries(list<Geometry> geometries)
 bool contains(Geometry geometry1, Geometry geometry2)
 Geometry convexHull(Geometry geometry)
 list<Geometry> convexHullOfGeometries(list<Geometry> geometries, bool unionResult)
 Point createPointAlong(Polyline polyline, double distance)
 bool crosses(Geometry geometry1, Geometry geometry2)
 list<Geometry> cut(Geometry geometry, Polyline cutter)
 Geometry densify(Geometry geometry, double maxSegmentLength)
 Geometry densifyGeodetic(Geometry geometry, double maxSegmentLength, LinearUnit lengthUnit, GeodeticCurveType curveType)
 Geometry difference(Geometry geometry1, Geometry geometry2)
 bool disjoint(Geometry geometry1, Geometry geometry2)
 double distance(Geometry geometry1, Geometry geometry2)
 GeodeticDistanceResult distanceGeodetic(Point point1, Point point2, LinearUnit distanceUnit, AngularUnit azimuthUnit, GeodeticCurveType curveType)
 Geometry ellipseGeodesic(GeodesicEllipseParameters parameters)
 bool equals(Geometry geometry1, Geometry geometry2)
 Polyline extend(Polyline polyline, Polyline extender, GeometryExtendOptions extendOptions)
 double fractionAlong(Polyline line, Point point, double tolerance)
 Geometry generalize(Geometry geometry, double maxDeviation, bool removeDegenerateParts)
 Geometry intersection(Geometry geometry1, Geometry geometry2)
 list<Geometry> intersections(Geometry geometry1, Geometry geometry2)
 bool intersects(Geometry geometry1, Geometry geometry2)
 bool isSimple(Geometry geometry)
 Point labelPoint(Polygon polygon)
 double length(Geometry geometry)
 double lengthGeodetic(Geometry geometry, LinearUnit lengthUnit, GeodeticCurveType curveType)
 Geometry move(Geometry geometry, double deltaX, double deltaY)
 list<Point> moveGeodetic(list<Point> pointCollection, double distance, LinearUnit distanceUnit, double azimuth, AngularUnit azimuthUnit, GeodeticCurveType curveType)
 ProximityResult nearestCoordinate(Geometry geometry, Point point)
 ProximityResult nearestCoordinateGeodetic(Geometry geometry, Point point, double maxDeviation, LinearUnit deviationUnit)
 ProximityResult nearestVertex(Geometry geometry, Point point)
 Geometry normalizeCentralMeridian(Geometry geometry)
 Geometry offset(Geometry geometry, double distance, GeometryOffsetType offsetType, double bevelRatio, double flattenError)
 bool overlaps(Geometry geometry1, Geometry geometry2)
 Geometry project(Geometry geometry, SpatialReference spatialReference)
 Geometry projectWithDatumTransformation(Geometry geometry, SpatialReference spatialReference, DatumTransformation datumTransformation)
 bool relate(Geometry geometry1, Geometry geometry2, string relation)
 Geometry removeM(Geometry geometry)
 Geometry removeZ(Geometry geometry)
 Geometry removeZAndM(Geometry geometry)
 Multipart reshape(Multipart geometry, Polyline reshaper)
 Geometry rotate(Geometry geometry, double angle, Point origin)
 Geometry scale(Geometry geometry, double scaleX, double scaleY, Point origin)
 Geometry sectorGeodesic(GeodesicSectorParameters parameters)
 Geometry setM(Geometry geometry, double m)
 Geometry setZ(Geometry geometry, double z)
 Geometry setZAndM(Geometry geometry, double z, double m)
 Geometry simplify(Geometry geometry)
 Geometry symmetricDifference(Geometry geometry1, Geometry geometry2)
 bool touches(Geometry geometry1, Geometry geometry2)
 Geometry unionOf(Geometry geometry1, Geometry geometry2)
 Geometry unionOfGeometries(list<Geometry> geometries)
 bool within(Geometry geometry1, Geometry geometry2)
Detailed Description
Capabilities include:
 Create new geometries from others with buffer, clip and unionOf.
 Test spatial relationships between geometries such as intersects and contains.
 Find the nearestCoordinate or nearestVertex between geometries.
 Reproject a geometry to another SpatialReference using project.
 Calculate area and length using area and length, or the geodetic equivalents (bufferGeodetic and lengthGeodetic) that account for the curvature of the earth.
GeometryEngine generally operates in two dimensions; operations do not account for zvalues unless documented as such for a specific method (for example project transforms zvalues in some cases).
GeometryEngine provides both planar (Euclidean) and geodetic versions of many operations. Be aware that methods named with only the operation are the planar versions (buffer, for example), while the geodetic equivalent has "Geodetic" appended to the name (for example bufferGeodetic).
Planar methods are suitable for data with a projected coordinate system, especially for local, largescale areas. Geodetic methods are better suited to data with a geographic spatial reference (see SpatialReference), especially for largearea, smallscale use.
Note: You cannot declare or create a component of this type in QML code.
var result3 = GeometryEngine.nearestVertex(polyline, point);
Method Documentation
double area(Geometry geometry) 
Calculates the area of the given geometry.
 geometry  A geometry object.
This planar measurement uses 2D Cartesian mathematics to compute the area. It is based upon the SpatialReference of the input geometry. If the input geometry does not use an 'area preserving' spatial reference, the result can be inaccurate. You have two options available to calculate a more accurate result:
 Use a different spatial reference. Use the project method to project the geometry to a projected coordinate system that is better suited for area calculations. See Spatial references and Supported map projections for more information.
 Use the geodetic equivalent, areaGeodetic.
Geometry must be topologically correct to accurately calculate area. Polygons that are selfintersecting or that have inconsistent ring orientations may produce inaccurate area values. In some cases, area values for polygons with incorrect topology may be negative. Geometries returned by ArcGIS Server services are always topologically correct. To ensure that polygons constructed or modified programmatically are topologically consistent, however, it's best to simplify the input geometry using simplify before you call this method.
Supports true curves.
Calculates the geodesic area of the given geometry using a geodetic curve.
 geometry  A geometry object.
 unit  The unit of measure for the return value. If
null
, the default unit is meters squared.  curveType  The type of curve to calculate the geodetic area.
The term Geodesic means calculating the shortest distance between two points on a sphere. Using geodesic algorithms to calculate distances provides a highly accurate way to obtain length and area of measurements of geographic features. The geodesic algorithm uses the concept of the great circle to obtain the shortest route between two points along the Earth’s surface. The area measurement obtained via this method is typically superior to that returned by the area method, which provides a planar measurement that can introduce distortion depending on the SpatialReference the geometry is in.
Geometry must be topologically correct to accurately calculate area. Polygons that are selfintersecting or that have inconsistent ring orientations may produce inaccurate area values. In some cases, area values for polygons with incorrect topology may be negative. Geometries returned by ArcGIS Server services are always topologically correct. To ensure that polygons constructed or modified programmatically are topologically consistent, however, it's best to simplify the input geometry using simplify before you call this method.
Supports true curves, calculating the result by densifying curves.
Fills the closed gaps between polygons using polygon boundaries and polylines as the boundary for the new polygons.
 existingBoundaries  The polygons.
 newBoundaries  The polylines.
The new polygons are created in the closed empty areas bounded by the edges of the existing polygon boundaries and the new boundary polylines. The newly created polygons do not overlap any existing polygons or polylines, and the boundary of a new polygon must contain at least one edge from the polylines. Only polygons that intersect the input polylines participate in the operation, so it makes sense to prefilter the input accordingly.
All geometries in the existingboundaries collection must have an area. They must be polygons or envelopes.
All geometries in newboundaries collection must be polylines.
All geometries in existingBoundaries and newBoundaries must have consistent spatial references.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.1.
Calculates the boundary of the given geometry.
 geometry  A geometry object.
For Point  returns an empty geometry. Points have no boundary.
For Multipoint  returns an empty geometry. Points have no boundary.
For Polyline  returns a multipoint containing the end points of the polyline's parts.
For Polygon  returns a polyline describing its outer and inner rings.
Supports true curves.
Creates a buffer polygon at the specified distance around the given geometry.
This is a planar buffer operation. Use bufferGeodetic to produce geodetic buffers.
 geometry  A geometry object.
 distance  The distance to buffer the geometry. It must be in the same units as the geometry's spatial reference.
This planar measurement uses 2D Cartesian mathematics to compute the buffer area. It is based upon the SpatialReference of the input geometry. If the input geometry does not use an 'area preserving' spatial reference, the result can be inaccurate. You have two options available to calculate a more accurate result:
 Use a different spatial reference. Use the project method to project the geometry to a projected coordinate system that is better suited for area calculations. See Spatial references and Supported map projections for more information.
 Use the geodetic equivalent, bufferGeodetic.
Supports true curves as input, producing a densified curve as output where applicable.
Polygon bufferGeodetic(Geometry geometry, double distance, LinearUnit unit, double maxDeviation, GeodeticCurveType curveType) 
Creates a buffer polygon at the specified distance around the given geometry, calculated using a geodetic curve.
 geometry  A geometry object.
 distance  The distance to buffer the geometry.
 unit  The unit of measure for the distance.
 maxDeviation  The maximum deviation between points. If
NaN
then a maximum deviation of up to 0.2% of the buffer distance, with a maximum of0.01
meters, aiming to give an output geometry with a smooth boundary.  curveType  The Enums.GeodeticCurveType used to calculate the buffer.
Geodesic buffers account for the actual shape of the Earth. Distances are calculated between points on a curved surface (the geoid) as opposed to points on a flat surface (the Cartesian plane).
Negative distance can be used to create a buffer inside a Polygon or an Envelope. Using a negative buffer distance shrinks the geometry's boundary by the distance specified. Note that if the negative buffer distance is large enough, the geometry may collapse to an empty polygon.

Creates and returns a geodesic buffer or buffers relative to the given collection of geometries.
 geometries  A collection of geometries.
 distances  The distance to buffer each geometry, expressed as a QList of double. If the size of the distances list is less than the number of geometries, the last distance value is used for the rest of geometries.
 unit  The unit of measure for the distance.
 maxDeviation  The maximum deviation between points. If
NaN
then a maximum deviation of up to 0.2% of the buffer distance, with a maximum of0.01
meters, aiming to give an output geometry with a smooth boundary.  curveType  The Enums.GeodeticCurveType used to calculate the buffer.
 unionResult  Return a single geometry that buffers all the geometries (
true
), or one buffer for each in the given collection (false
).
Geodesic buffers account for the actual shape of the Earth. Distances are calculated between points on a curved surface (the geoid) as opposed to points on a flat surface (the Cartesian plane).
Negative distance can be used to create buffers inside polygons. Using a negative buffer distance shrinks the polygons' boundaries by the distance specified. Note that if the negative buffer distance is large enough, polygons may collapse to empty geometries.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.1.
Creates a buffer or buffers relative to the given collection of geometries.
This is a planar buffer operation. Use bufferGeodetic to produce geodetic buffers.
 geometries  A collection of geometries.
 distances  The distance to buffer each geometry, expressed as a QList of double. If the size of the distances collection is less than the number of geometries, the last distance value is used for the rest of geometries.
 unionResult  Returns a single geometry that buffers all the geometries (
true
), or one buffer for each in the given collection (false
).
This planar measurement uses 2D Cartesian mathematics to compute the buffer areas. It is based upon the SpatialReference of the input geometries. If the input geometries do not use an 'area preserving' spatial reference, the results can be inaccurate. You have two options available to calculate a more accurate results:
 Use a different spatial reference. Use the project method to project the geometry to a projected coordinate system that is better suited for area calculations. See Spatial references and Supported map projections for more information.
 Use the geodetic equivalent, bufferGeodetic.
If unionResult is true
, the output collection contains a single result. If geometries is empty, an empty list is returned.
Supports true curves as input, producing a densified curve as output where applicable.
This method allows you to create differentsized buffers for each input in a geometry collection using corresponding values in a distance collection. Typically, there's a onetoone correspondence of input geometries to the input buffer distances. However, you may have fewer input buffer distances than input geometries. In that case, the last distance value in the buffer distances collection is applied to the remaining geometries. If needed, you could also specify a single buffer value in the input buffer distances collection to apply to all items in the input geometries collection.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.1.
Constructs the portion of a geometry that intersects an envelope.
 geometry  The geometry to be clipped by the given envelope.
 envelope  The envelope that clips the given geometry.
If the Geometry intersects the Envelope, the portion of the Geometry contained within the Envelope is returned. If no part of the Geometry lies within the Envelope, an empty Geometry is returned. If the Geometry lies completely within the Envelope, the entire Geometry is returned.
Supports true curves.
Returns an Envelope representing the minimum extent that encloses both geometry1 and geometry2.
 geometry1  A geometry object.
 geometry2  Another geometry object.
The given geometries must have consistent spatial references.
Supports true curves.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.1.
Returns an Envelope representing the minimum extent that encloses all geometries in the given list.
 geometries  A list of geometries.
The given geometries must have consistent spatial references.
Supports true curves.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.1.
Returns a bool that tests if geometry1 contains geometry2.
 geometry1  A geometry object.
 geometry2  Another geometry object.
This spatial relationship test is based on the Dimensionally Extended 9
Intersection Model (DE9IM) developed by Clementini, et al., and is discussed further in the web pages: DE9IM and Spatial relationships.
Supports true curves.
Calculates the minimum bounding geometry (convex hull) that completely encloses the given geometry.
 geometry  A geometry object.
The convex hull is the minimal bounding geometry that encloses the input geometry, such that all outer angles are convex. If you imagine a rubber band stretched around the input geometry, the rubber band takes the shape of the convex hull.
Calculates the minimum bounding geometry (convex hull) for the geometries in the given list.
 geometries  A collection of geometries.
 unionResult 
true
indicates that a single convex hull geometry is calculated that encloses all the geometries in the list.false
indicates that one convex hull geometry is calculated for each geometry in the list.
The geometries must have consistent spatial references. If merge is true
, returns a single convex hull that encloses all the geometries in the list as a single geometry in an list. If merge is false
, returns the minimum bounding geometry that completely encloses each of the geometries in the given collection as an list of geometries. If geometries is empty, returns an empty list. Returns null
on error.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.1.
Return the point at the given distance along the line.
 polyline  The polyline from which the point is created.
 distance  The distance along the polyline where the point is created, using the units of the polyline.
If distance is less than or equal to zero, the point returned is coincident with the start of the line. If distance is greater than or equal to the line's length, the point returned is coincident with the end of the line. If the line has multiple parts, and the distance falls exactly on a boundary between two parts, the returned point will be coincident with either the end of one part or the start of the next, but which one is undetermined.
Supports true curves.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.2.
Returns a bool that tests if geometry1 crosses geometry2.
 geometry1  A geometry object.
 geometry2  Another geometry object.
Two polylines cross if their intersection contains only points, and at least one of the points of intersection is internal to both polylines. A polyline and polygon cross if a connected part of the polyline is partly inside and partly outside the polygon. A polyline and polygon cross if they share a polyline in common on the interior of the polygon, which is not equal to the entire polyline. The target and join features must be either polylines or polygons.
This spatial relationship test is based on the Dimensionally Extended 9
Intersection Model (DE9IM) developed by Clementini, et al., and is discussed further in the web pages: DE9IM and Spatial relationships.
Supports true curves.
Cuts the 'geometry' into parts with the 'cutter' Polyline.
 geometry  The input Geometry to be cut.
 cutter  The Polyline used to divide the geometry into pieces where they cross the cutter.
When a Polyline or Polygon is cut, it is split where it intersects the cutter Polyline. The cut parts are output as a collection of geometries. All left cuts are grouped together in the first Geometry, all right cuts are grouped in the second Geometry, any uncut parts are output as separate geometries.
If the input polyline is not simple, then the operation will be performed on a simplified copy of the polyline. There is no need for you to call any simplify method. If there were no cuts then an empty list is returned.
The cutter and geometry must have consistent spatial references.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.1.
Densifies the input geometry by inserting additional vertices along the geometry at an interval defined by maxSegmentLength.
 geometry  A Polyline or Polygon geometry.
 maxSegmentLength  The maximum distance between vertices when the input geometry is densified, in the given linear units. The linear unit is assumed to be that of the input geometry's spatial reference (decimal degrees for a geometry with a geographic spatial reference, meters for geometry with a Mercator spatial reference, and so on). Use SpatialReference::unit to determine the unit used by a specific spatial reference.
Additional vertices are not inserted on segments of the input {Esri::ArcGISRuntime::Envelope} {Envelope}, Polygon, or Polyline that are shorter than maxSegmentLength. Additional vertices are not inserted on segments of the input Polyline or Polygon that are shorter than maxSegmentLength.
Supports true curves as input, producing a densified curve as output where applicable.
Geometry densifyGeodetic(Geometry geometry, double maxSegmentLength, LinearUnit lengthUnit, GeodeticCurveType curveType) 
Densifies the input geometry by creating additional vertices along the geometry, using a geodesic curve.
 geometry  The input geometry to densify.
 maxSegmentLength  The maximum distance between vertices when the input geometry is densified, in the given linear units.
 lengthUnit  The unit of measurement for maxSegmentLength. If null, meters are assumed.
 curveType  The Enums.GeodeticCurveType to use.
See also Enums.GeodeticCurveType.
Constructs the settheoretic difference between two geometries.
 geometry1  A geometry object.
 geometry2  The second geometry of dimension equal to or greater than the elements of the first geometry.
This method returns a geometry consisting of the parts of geometry1 that are not in geometry2. It performs a spatial subtraction from the two input geometries. The order of the two input geometry arguments produces different results if they are switched. Think of the difference equation as:
A (Difference) B != B (Difference) A
Use symmetricDifference to get the parts that are in either geometry, but not in both.
Supports true curves.
Returns a bool that tests if the two geometries are disjoint.
 geometry1  A geometry object.
 geometry2  Another geometry object.
Geometries are disjoint if their boundaries or interiors do not intersect.
This spatial relationship test is based on the Dimensionally Extended 9
Intersection Model (DE9IM) developed by Clementini, et al., and is discussed further in the web pages: DE9IM and Spatial relationships.
Supports true curves.
Calculates the simple planar (Euclidean) distance between two geometries.
 geometry1  A geometry object.
 geometry2  Another geometry object.
This planar measurement uses 2D Cartesian mathematics to compute the distance. It is based upon the SpatialReference of the input geometries. If the input geometries do not use an 'distance preserving' spatial reference, the result can be inaccurate. You have two options available to calculate a more accurate result:
 Use a different spatial reference. Use the project method to project the geometry to a projected coordinate system that is better suited for area calculations. See Spatial references and Supported map projections for more information.
 Use the geodetic equivalent, distanceGeodetic.
GeodeticDistanceResult distanceGeodetic(Point point1, Point point2, LinearUnit distanceUnit, AngularUnit azimuthUnit, GeodeticCurveType curveType) 
Calculates the geodesic distance between two given points and calculates the azimuth at both points for the geodesic curve that connects the points.
 point1  A point object.
 point2  Another point object.
 distanceUnit  The linear unit of measure for the returned results.
 azimuthUnit  The angular unit of measure for the returned results.
 curveType  The type of curve to calculate.
Geometry ellipseGeodesic(GeodesicEllipseParameters parameters) 
Returns a geodesic ellipse centered on a specific point.
 parameters  Various parameters needed to construct the ellipse.
Constructs a geodesic ellipse centered on the specified point. It returns a piecewise approximation of a geodesic ellipse (or geodesic circle, if GeodesicEllipseParameters::semiAxis1Length = GeodesicEllipseParameters::semiAxis2Length) consisting of LineSegment objects.
If this method is used to generate a polygon or a polyline, the result may have more than one path, depending on the size of the ellipse and its position relative to the horizon of the coordinate system. When the method generates a polyline or a multipoint, the result vertices lie on the boundary of the ellipse. When a polygon is generated, the interior of the polygon is the interior of the ellipse, however the boundary of the polygon may contain segments from the spatial reference horizon, or from the geographic coordinate system extent.
If the smaller axis is zero, the ellipse will degenerate to a line segment, a point, or an empty geometry (depending on the larger axis and output type). Otherwise, if GeodesicEllipseParameters::maxPointCount < 10
, the number of vertices will default to 10
. Supported output geometry types are Polygon, Polyline, add Multipoint.
Returns a bool that tests if two geometries are equal.
 geometry1  A geometry object.
 geometry2  Another geometry object.
The geometries are equal if they have the same spatial reference systems, geometry type, points and occupy the same space. For a more strict comparison of the two geometries use the equivalency operator (aka ==).
Supports true curves.
Extends a polyline using a polyline as the extender using the type of extension specified with extendOptions.
 polyline  The polyline to be extended.
 extender  The polyline to extend to.
 extendOptions  The flag for the type of extend operation to perform.
The output polyline has the first and last segment of each path extended to the extender if the segments can be interpolated to intersect the extender. In the case that the segments can be extended to multiple segments of the extender, the shortest extension is chosen. Only end points for paths that are not shared by the end points of other paths are extended. If the polyline cannot be extended by the input extender, then null
is returned.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.1.
Returns the length along the line nearest the input point, expressed as the fraction of the line's length between 0.0 and 1.0, or NAN if the point is outside the tolerance.
Finds the location on the line nearest the input point, expressed as the fraction along the line's total geodesic length, if the point is within the specified distance from the closest location on the line. The line and point must have the same spatial references.
 line  The line to locate the point's distance along its length.
 point  The point to locate.
 tolerance  The maximum distance that a point is allowed to be from the line, in the units of the SpatialReference. If the tolerance is 1, the fraction of the closest location on the line is always returned as long as the point lies between the two ends of the polyline. If the distance from the point to the closest location on the line is greater than the tolerance, or the tolerance is 1 and the point does not lie between the two ends of the polyline, NAN is returned.
Supports true curves.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.6.
Generalizes the given geometry by removing vertices based on the DouglasPoiker algorithm.
 geometry  A geometry object.
 maxDeviation  The maximum distance that the generalized geometry can deviate from the original, in the same units as the geometry's spatial reference system.
 removeDegenerateParts 
true
if degenerate parts of the resulting geometry that are undesired for drawing are removed,false
otherwise.
Point and Multipoint geometries are left unchanged. Envelope is converted to a Polygon and then generalized.
Supports true curves as input, producing a densified curve as output where applicable.
Calculates the intersection of two geometries.
 geometry1  A geometry object.
 geometry2  Another geometry object.
The result has the same dimensionality as the lower dimensionality of the two intersecting geometries. If there is no intersection with this dimensionality, returns an empty geometry. For example, the intersection of two polygons (geometries with area, so they have dimensionality of 2
) or, say, a polygon and an envelope (also an area) is a polygon. Similarly, the intersection of a polyline (a line, so dimensionality of 1
) and another polyline is always a polyline. Therefore when computing the intersection of polylines, this function does not return points where they cross, but rather lines of overlap. If there are no lines of overlap, an empty polyline is returned even if the input lines cross. To obtain all intersections, irrespective of dimensionality, see intersections.
Returns an empty geometry if the two input geometries do not intersect. Returns null
on error.
Supports true curves.
See also intersections(Geometry, Geometry).
Calculates the intersection of two geometries.
 geometry1  A geometry object.
 geometry2  Another geometry object.
The returned collection contains one geometry of each dimension for which there are intersections. For example, if both inputs are polylines, the collection contains at most two geometries: the first a multipoint containing the points at which the lines cross, and the second a polyline containing the lines of overlap. If a crossing point lies within a line of overlap, only the line of overlap is present. The result set is not selfintersecting. If there are no crossing points or there are no lines of overlap, the respective geometry is not present in the returned collection. If the input geometries do not intersect, the resulting collection is empty. The table below shows, for each combination of pairs of input geometry types, the types of geometry that are contained within the returned collection if there are intersections of that type.
Input type  Point/Multipoint  Polyline  Polygon/Envelope 

Point/Multipoint  Multipoint  Multipoint  Multipoint 
Polyline  Multipoint  Multipoint, Polyline  Multipoint, Polyline 
Polygon/Envelope  Multipoint  Multipoint, Polyline  Multipoint, Polyline, Polygon 
The geometries in the returned collection are sorted by ascending dimensionality. For example, multipoint (dimension 0
) then polyline (dimension 1
) then polygon (dimension 2
) for the intersection of two geometries with area that have intersections of those types.
Supports true curves.
See also intersection.
Returns a bool that tests if two geometries intersect each other.
 geometry1  A geometry object.
 geometry2  Another geometry object.
A geometry intersects another geometry if it shares any portion of its geometry with the other geometry feature. If either geometry contain, is within, crosses, touches, or overlaps the other geometry, they intersect.
This spatial relationship test is based on the Dimensionally Extended 9
Intersection Model (DE9IM) developed by Clementini, et al., and is discussed further in the web pages: DE9IM and Spatial relationships.
Supports true curves.
bool isSimple(Geometry geometry) 
Returns a bool that tests if the geometry is topologically simple.
 geometry  The geometry object.
Point geometry is always simple.
Multipoint geometries cannot have any points with exactly equal x and y.
Polyline geometries cannot have degenerate segments. When the polyline has no z, the degenerate segments are those that have a length in the xy plane less than or equal to the tolerance. When the polyline has z, the degenerate segments are those that are shorter than the tolerance in the xy plane, and the change in the zvalue along the segment is less than or equal to the ztolerance.
Polygon geometries are considered simple if the following is true:
 Exterior rings are clockwise, and interior rings (holes) are counterclockwise.
 Rings can touch other rings in a finite number of points.
 Rings can be selftangent in a finite number of points.
 No segment length is zero.
 Each path contains at least three nonequal vertices.
 No empty paths allowed.
 Order of rings does not matter.
Supports true curves.
Returns the label point for a polygon.
Calculates an interior point for the given Polygon. This point can be used by clients to place a label for the polygon.
Supports true curves.
double length(Geometry geometry) 
Calculates the length of the given geometry.
 geometry  A geometry object.
This planar measurement uses 2D Cartesian mathematics to compute the length. It is based upon the SpatialReference of the input geometry. If the input geometry is not using an 'distance preserving' spatial reference, the result can be inaccurate. You have two options available to calculate a more accurate result:
 Use a different spatial reference. Use the project method to project the geometry to a projected coordinate system that is better suited for area calculations. See Spatial references and Supported map projections for more information.
 Use the geodetic equivalent, lengthGeodetic.
Supports true curves.
double lengthGeodetic(Geometry geometry, LinearUnit lengthUnit, GeodeticCurveType curveType) 
Returns the geodetic length of a geometry.
 geometry  The input geometry.
 lengthUnit  The unit of measure for the returned value. If null, meters are assumed.
 curveType  The Enums.GeodeticCurveType to use.
Supports true curves, calculating the result by densifying curves.
See also Enums.GeodeticCurveType.
Moves the provided geometry by the specified distances along the xaxis and yaxis.
 geometry  The geometry to move.
 deltaX  The distance to move the geometry along the xaxis, in the units of the given geometry's spatial reference.
 deltaY  The distance to move the geometry along the yaxis, in the units of the given geometry's spatial reference.
Planar measurements of distance can be extremely inaccurate if using an unsuitable spatial reference. Ensure that you understand the potential for error with the geometry's spatial reference. If you need to calculate more accurate results, consider using a different spatial reference. For input geometries with a geographic spatial reference, consider projecting to an appropriate projected coordinate system before attempting to move them, as the distance represented by angular units of measure will differ depending on the geometry's location on the earth. See https://developers.arcgis.com/documentation/spatialreferences/ for more information about spatial references.
Supports true curves.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 200.2.
See also moveGeodetic, rotate, scale, GeometryEditor::moveSelectedElement, and GeometryEditor::moveSelectedElement.
list<Point> moveGeodetic(list<Point> pointCollection, double distance, LinearUnit distanceUnit, double azimuth, AngularUnit azimuthUnit, GeodeticCurveType curveType) 
Moves each point in the point collection in a specified direction by a geodesic distance.
 pointCollection  A list of Point geometries. Contents of the list are copied.
 distance  The distance to move the points.
 distanceUnit  The unit of measure for distance. If
null
, meters are assumed.  azimuth  The azimuth angle of the direction for the points.
 azimuthUnit  The angular unit of measure for azimuth. If
null
, degrees are assumed.  curveType  The type of curve to calculate.
Each point in the input collection of points must use the same spatial reference. The returned collection is in the same order as the input, but with new points at their destination locations. Specifying a negative distance moves points in the opposite direction from azimuth.
ProximityResult nearestCoordinate(Geometry geometry, Point point) 
Determines the nearest point in the input geometry to the input point using a simple planar measurement.
 geometry  A geometry object.
 point  The point of interest.
Input geometry of type Envelope is not supported. To find the nearest coordinate on an Envelope, convert it to a Polygon first using boundary.
If the specified geometry is a polyline or polygon the nearest coordinate is the closest point in a segment that comprises geometry; it may not necessarily be the closest vertex of a segment. If you want to obtain the closest vertex in the polyline or polygon use the nearestVertex method instead.
This calculation uses 2D Cartesian mathematics to compute the nearest coordinate. It is based upon the SpatialReference of the input geometries. If the input geometries do not use an 'distance preserving' spatial reference, the result can be inaccurate. You have two options available to calculate a more accurate result:
 Use a different spatial reference. Use the project method to project the geometry to a projected coordinate system that is better suited for area calculations. See Spatial references and Supported map projections for more information.
 Use the geodetic equivalent, nearestCoordinateGeodetic.
Supports true curves.

Determines the nearest point in the input geometry to the input point, by using a shape preserving geodesic approximation of the input geometry.
 geometry  A geometry object on which to calculate the nearest coordinate to the point parameter.
 point  The point from which to calculate the nearest coordinate on the geometry parameter.
 maxDeviation  The maximum distance that the geodesic geometry can deviate from the original, in the units of the deviationUnit parameter.
 deviationUnit  The unit of measure for the maxDeviation parameter. If
null
, the units of maxDeviation are assumed to be meters.
All geometry types are supported for the geometry parameter.
Supports true curves.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.14.
See also GeometryEngine::nearestCoordinate.
ProximityResult nearestVertex(Geometry geometry, Point point) 
Returns a ProximityResult that describes the nearest vertex in the input geometry to the input point.
 geometry  A geometry object.
 point  The point of interest.
Input geometry of type Envelope is not supported. To find the nearest vertex on an Envelope, convert it to a Polygon first.
If the specified geometry is a polyline or polygon, the nearest vertex is the closest ending position of the line segment that comprises the geometry. It may not necessarily be the closest point of the line segment. If you want to obtain the closest point in the polyline or polygon use nearestCoordinate.
Input geometries with true
curves (where Geometry::hasCurves is true
) are supported, although curve segments do not affect the return value.
Normalizes the input geometry so that it does not intersect the antimeridian. This may be necessary when wrap around is enabled on the map.
 geometry  A geometry object.
Normalization is used when a geometry intersects the minimum or maximum meridian of the spatial reference, or when the geometry is completely outside of the meridian range. You may wish to use this method to normalize geometries before passing them to methods that require coordinates within the spatial reference domain, for example geodatabase editing methods or geocoding services.
Use this method when editing geometries on a map that has wraparound enabled. For example, if you pan west across the dateline several times and then add new features to a map, the coordinates of the newly added features would correspond to the frame of the map and be incorrectly outside of the spatial reference's maximum extent. Use this method to normalize the geometry coordinates into the correct range.
The geometry's spatial reference must be a pannable projected coordinate system (PCS) or a geographic coordinate system (GCS). A pannable PCS is a rectangular PCS where the xcoordinate range corresponds to a 360degree range on the defining GCS. A GCS is always pannable.
If geometry or its spatial reference are empty, an empty geometry is returned. If the geometry's spatial reference is not pannable, the input geometry is returned. If the geometry is a nonempty envelope, this method returns a polygon.
Supports true curves.
Creates an offset version of the input geometry.
 geometry  A geometry object.
 distance  The offset distance for the new geometry.
 offsetType  The offset type the resulting geometry.
 bevelRatio  The ratio used to produce a bevel join instead of a miter join (used only when the offset type is Miter).
 flattenError  The maximum distance of the resulting segments compared to the
true
circular arc (used only when the offset type if round).
The offset operation creates a geometry that is a constant distance from the input geometry. It is similar to buffering, but produces a onesided result. If distance > 0
, then the offset geometry is constructed to the right of the input geometry, otherwise it is constructed to the left. For a simple polygon, the orientation of outer rings is clockwise and for inner rings it is counterclockwise. So the "right side" of a simple polygon is always its inside. The bevelRatio is multiplied by the offset distance and the result determines how far a mitered offset intersection can be from the input curve before it is beveled.
Tests if two geometries overlap.
 geometry1  A geometry object.
 geometry2  Another geometry object.
Two geometries overlap when they have the same dimension and when their intersection result is a geometry of the same dimension. If the intersection result is a geometry with a lesser dimension than the input geometries, the method returns false
. For example, two input polygons must return a polygon to overlap. If two polygons intersect each other at exactly one point, then no overlap has occurred because the intersection result is a point, whose dimension is zero.
This spatial relationship test is based on the Dimensionally Extended 9
Intersection Model (DE9IM) developed by Clementini, et al., and is discussed further in the web pages: DE9IM and Spatial relationships.
Supports true curves.
Geometry project(Geometry geometry, SpatialReference spatialReference) 
Projects the given geometry from its current spatial reference system into the given spatial reference system.
A default bestchoice DatumTransformation is applied to the project operation. To control the specific transformation used, use GeometryEngine.projectWithDatumTransformation.
If the geometry parameter has zvalues, those zvalues are also transformed if both the SpatialReference of that geometry and the spatialReference parameter, have a vertical coordinate system.
Supports true curves. Projecting curves located at poles and coordinate system horizons using this API may give results that differ slightly from other ArcGIS software. This is because it uses a different geometry projection function.
 geometry  The input geometry.
 spatialReference  The output spatial reference.
Returns the geometry projected into the given SpatialReference. If the input geometry has no SpatialReference, no projection occurs. Instead, an identical geometry with the given SpatialReference is returned.
Geometry projectWithDatumTransformation(Geometry geometry, SpatialReference spatialReference, DatumTransformation datumTransformation) 
Projects the given geometry from its current spatial reference system into the given output spatial reference system, applying the datum transformation provided.
Use this method to project a geometry if the difference between the input geometry's spatialReference and the output SpatialReference involves a change of datum, and you do not wish to use the default datum transformation used by GeometryEngine::project.
If the input geometry has a null
SpatialReference, no projection occurs. Instead, an identical geometry with the given SpatialReference is returned.
Supports true curves. Projecting curves located at poles and coordinate system horizons using ArcGIS Maps SDK may give results that differ slightly from other ArcGIS software because ArcGIS Maps SDK uses a different geometry projection function.
 geometry  A geometry object.
 spatialReference  The spatial reference system to project to.
 datumTransformation  The datum transformation that describes how coordinates are converted from one coordinate system to another. Using a HorizontalVerticalTransformation here also transforms the zvalues of the geometry if 1) the geometry parameter has zvalues and both the SpatialReference of the geometry parameter, and 2) if the output SpatialReference have a vertical coordinate system set.
Returns a bool that tests if the two geometries are related using a custom relation.
 geometry1  A geometry object.
 geometry2  Another geometry object.
 relation  The DE9IM string to be evaluated. This must be nine characters long and only contain the characters TF*012.
You can test for a custom spatial relationship by defining your own relation. For example, you can create a relation that tests if two geometries intersect and touch.
The Dimensionally Extended 9
Intersection Model (DE9IM) matrix relation (encoded as a string) is a custom spatial relationship type used to test the relationship of two geometries. See Custom spatial relationships for more information about the DE9IM model and how the relationship string patterns are constructed.
For example, each of the following DE9IM string codes are valid for testing whether a polygon geometry completely contains a line geometry: "TTTFFTFFT" (Boolean), "T*****FF*" (ignore irrelevant intersections), or "102FF*FF*" (dimension form). Each returns the same result.
Supports true curves.
Returns a copy of the given geometry with its mvalues removed.
 geometry  A geometry.
If the given geometry has no mvalues, the given geometry is returned. The resulting geometry has a Geometry::hasM value of false
.
Supports true curves.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.1.
Returns a copy of the given geometry with its zcoordinate removed.
 geometry  A geometry.
If the given geometry has no zvalues, the given geometry is returned. The resulting geometry has a Geometry::hasZ value of false
.
Supports true curves.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.1.
Returns a copy of the given geometry with its zcoordinates and mvalues removed.
 geometry  A geometry.
If the given geometry has no zcoordinates and no mvalues, the given geometry is returned. The resulting geometry has both Geometry::hasZ and Geometry::hasM values of false
.
Supports true curves.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.1.
Returns a polygon or polyline reshaped with a single path polyline.
 geometry  The polygon or polyline to be reshaped.
 reshaper  The single path polyline reshaper.
For polygons, only individual paths can be reshaped. However, polylines can be reshaped across paths. If the geometry cannot be reshaped by the input reshaper, then an empty polygon or polyline is returned.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.1.
Rotates the geometry by the specified angle of rotation around the provided origin point.
 geometry  The geometry to rotate.
 angle  The angle by which to rotate the geometry, counterclockwise, in degrees.
 origin  The center of rotation. If
null
, or Geometry::empty istrue
, the center of the extent of the given geometry is used.
The angle of rotation is used in the form of the modulo of 360
degrees; for example rotating by 540
degrees is equivalent to rotating the geometry by 180
degrees. A positive value corresponds to a counterclockwise rotation.
The Enums.GeometryType of the returned geometry is the same as the input geometry, except for an input Envelope which returns a Polygon result.
If the origin Point has a different SpatialReference to that of the geometry parameter, the point will be reprojected before the geometry is rotated, using the default transformation.
Rotating a Point using the same location for the origin parameter returns a Point with the same values as the input.
Supports true curves.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 200.2.
See also GeometryEngine::move, GeometryEngine::scale, and GeometryEditor::rotateSelectedElement.
Scales the given geometry by the specified factors from the specified origin point.
 geometry  The geometry to scale.
 scaleX  The scale factor along the xaxis. It can be positive or negative. It cannot be a nonnumeric value.
 scaleY  The scale factor along the yaxis. It can be positive or negative. It cannot be a nonnumeric value.
 origin  The point around which the geometry will be scaled. If
null
, or Geometry::empty istrue
, the center of the extent of the geometry parameter is used.
If the origin Point has a different SpatialReference than that of the geometry parameter, the point will be reprojected before the geometry is scaled, using the default transformation.
Scaling a Point using the same location for the origin parameter returns a Point with the same values as the input.
Positive scale factors greater than 1
increase the size of the GeometryEditor::geometry, and positive factors between 0
and 1
reduce the size of the geometry. 0
or negative scale factors produce a geometry reflected across the axes of the origin point. Negative factors less than 1
both reflect and increase the size of the geometry, and negative factors between 1
and 0
both reflect and reduce the size of the geometry. Scale factors of 1
reflect the geometry across the axes of the origin point without changing the size.
Supports true curves.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 200.2.
See also move, rotate, and GeometryEditor::scaleSelectedElement.
Geometry sectorGeodesic(GeodesicSectorParameters parameters) 
Constructs a geodesic sector defined by a geodesic arc and two radii.
 parameters  Specifies the parameters for constructing the sector.
Creates a sector as a polygon, polyline, or multipoint geometry. A geodesic sector is defined by a geodesic elliptical arc and two radii extending from the center point of the arc to the points where they each intersect the arc. The arc is a portion of an ellipse. The ellipse is defined by a center point, the lengths of its semimajor and semiminor axes, and the direction of its semimajor axis. The first radius of the sector is defined by the start direction angle relative to the direction of the semimajor axis. The second radius is the sum of the start direction and the sector angle.
The new geometry consists of a series of LineSegment objects.
Returns a copy of a geometry with the supplied mvalue.
 geometry  A geometry.
 m  The mvalue.
If the given geometry already has mvalues, they are replaced within the resulting geometry by the supplied value. The resulting geometry has a Geometry::hasM value of true
.
Supports true curves.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.1.
Returns a copy of a geometry with the supplied zcoordinate.
 geometry  A geometry.
 z  The zcoordinate.
If the given geometry already has zcoordinates, they are replaced within the resulting geometry by the supplied value. The resulting geometry has a Geometry::hasZ value of true
.
Supports true curves.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.1.
Returns a copy of a geometry with the supplied zcoordinate and mvalue.
 geometry  A geometry.
 z  The zcoordinate.
 m  The mvalue.
If the given geometry already has zcoordinates or mvalues, they are replaced in the resulting geometry by the supplied values. The resulting geometry has both Geometry::hasZ and Geometry::hasM values of true
.
Supports true curves
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.1.
Simplifies the given geometry to make it topologically consistent according to its geometry type.
 geometry  A geometry object.
This method rectifies polygons that may be selfintersecting or contain incorrect ring orientations.
Geometries must be topologically correct to perform topological operations. Polygons that are selfintersecting or that have inconsistent ring orientations may produce inaccurate results. To ensure that polygons constructed or modified programmatically are topologically consistent it's best to simplify their geometry using this method. Geometries returned by ArcGIS Server services are always topologically correct.
Supports true curves.
Calculates the symmetric difference (exclusive or) of the two geometries.
 geometry1  A geometry object.
 geometry2  Another geometry object.
Symmetric difference obtains those parts of the two input geometries that do not overlap. If you want to perform a more atomiclevel difference operation where the spatial subtraction of two input geometries might look different if the order of the geometries were switched, consider using difference.
Supports true curves.
Returns a bool that tests if the two geometries have at least one boundary point in common, but no interior points.
 geometry1  A geometry object.
 geometry2  Another geometry object.
This spatial relationship test is based on the Dimensionally Extended 9
Intersection Model (DE9IM) developed by Clementini, et al., and is discussed further in the web pages: DE9IM and Spatial relationships.
Supports true curves.
Calculates the union of the two geometries.
 geometry1  A geometry object.
 geometry2  Another geometry object.
The union combines those parts of the two geometries which overlap into a single geometry.
Returns all parts of the two input geometries combined into a single geometry. The order of the input parameters is irrelevant. If the two geometries have different dimensionality, the geometry with the higher dimensionality is returned. For example, a polygon is returned if the given geometries are Polygon and Point.
Supports true curves.
Calculates the union of a list of geometries.
 geometries  A list of geometries.
The union combines those parts of the input geometries which overlap into a single geometry.
If the list contains geometries of differing dimensionality, the geometry with the higher dimensionality is returned. For example, a polygon is returned if the given a list contains polygons, polylines, and points.
The geometries must have consistent spatial references.
Supports true curves.
This method was introduced in Esri.ArcGISRuntime 100.1.
Returns a bool that tests if geometry1 is within geometry2.
 geometry1  A geometry object.
 geometry2  Another geometry object.
Returns true
if geometry1 lies in the interior of geometry2. The boundary and interior of the geometry1 is not allowed to intersect the exterior of the geometry2 and the geometry1 may not equal the geometry2.
This spatial relationship test is based on the Dimensionally Extended 9
Intersection Model (DE9IM) developed by Clementini, et al., and is discussed further in the web pages: DE9IM and Spatial relationships.
Supports true curves.