Raster rendering rule

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Sample viewer app

Display a raster on a map and apply different rendering rules to that raster.

Image of raster rendering rule

Use case

Raster images whose individual pixels represent elevation values can be rendered in a number of different ways, including representation of slope, aspect, hillshade, and shaded relief. Applying these different rendering rules to the same raster allows for a powerful visual analysis of the data. For example, a geologist could interrogate the raster image to map subtle geological features on a landscape, which may become apparent only through comparing the raster when rendered using several different rules.

How to use the sample

Run the sample and use the drop-down menu at the top to select a rendering rule.

How it works

  1. Create an ImageServiceRaster using a URL to an online image service.
  2. After loading the raster, use imageServiceRaster.getServiceInfo().getRenderingRuleInfos() to get a list of RenderingRuleInfo supported by the service.
  3. Choose a rendering rule info to apply and use it to create a RenderingRule.
  4. Create a new ImageServiceRaster using the same URL.
  5. Apply the rendering rule to the new raster using imageServiceRaster.setRenderingRule(renderingRuleInfo).
  6. Create a RasterLayer from the raster for display.

Relevant API

  • ImageServiceRaster
  • RasterLayer
  • RenderingRule

About the data

This raster image service contains 9 LAS files covering Charlotte, North Carolina's downtown area. The lidar data was collected in 2007. Four Raster Rules are available for selection: None, RFTAspectColor, RFTHillshade, and RFTShadedReliefElevationColorRamp.

Additional information

Image service rasters of any type can have rendering rules applied to them; they need not necessarily be elevation rasters. See the list of raster function objects and syntax for rendering rules in the ArcGIS REST API documentation.


raster, rendering rules, visualization

Sample Code

/* Copyright 2017 Esri
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.

package com.esri.arcgisruntime.sample.rasterrenderingrule;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;
import android.widget.Spinner;

import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.ArcGISRuntimeEnvironment;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.arcgisservices.RenderingRuleInfo;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.layers.RasterLayer;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.loadable.LoadStatus;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.ArcGISMap;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.BasemapStyle;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.view.MapView;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.raster.ImageServiceRaster;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.raster.RenderingRule;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

  private MapView mMapView;

  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {

    // authentication with an API key or named user is required to access basemaps and other
    // location services

    // create MapView from layout
    mMapView = findViewById(R.id.mapView);

    // create a Streets BaseMap
    ArcGISMap map = new ArcGISMap(BasemapStyle.ARCGIS_STREETS);
    // set the map to be displayed in this view

    // create image service raster as raster layer and add to map
    final ImageServiceRaster imageServiceRaster = new ImageServiceRaster(getString(R.string.image_service_url));
    final RasterLayer imageRasterLayer = new RasterLayer(imageServiceRaster);

    Spinner spinner = findViewById(R.id.spinner);
    final List<String> renderRulesList = new ArrayList<>();
    final ArrayAdapter<String> spinnerAdapter = new ArrayAdapter<>(this, android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1,
    // zoom to the extent of the raster service
    imageRasterLayer.addDoneLoadingListener(() -> {
      if (imageRasterLayer.getLoadStatus() == LoadStatus.LOADED) {
        // zoom to extent of raster
        // get the predefined rendering rules and add to spinner
        List<RenderingRuleInfo> renderingRuleInfos = imageServiceRaster.getServiceInfo().getRenderingRuleInfos();
        for (RenderingRuleInfo renderRuleInfo : renderingRuleInfos) {
          String renderingRuleName = renderRuleInfo.getName();
          // update array adapter with list update

    // listen to the spinner
    spinner.setOnItemSelectedListener(new AdapterView.OnItemSelectedListener() {
      public void onItemSelected(AdapterView<?> adapterView, View view, int position, long id) {
        applyRenderingRule(imageServiceRaster, position);

      public void onNothingSelected(AdapterView<?> adapterView) {
        Log.d("MainActivity", "Spinner nothing selected");


   * Apply a rendering rule on a Raster and add it to the map
   * @param imageServiceRaster image service raster to apply rendering on
   * @param index              spinner selected position representing the rule to apply
  private void applyRenderingRule(ImageServiceRaster imageServiceRaster, int index) {
    // clear all rasters
    // get the rendering rule info at the selected index
    RenderingRuleInfo renderRuleInfo = imageServiceRaster.getServiceInfo().getRenderingRuleInfos().get(index);
    // create a rendering rule object using the rendering rule info
    RenderingRule renderingRule = new RenderingRule(renderRuleInfo);
    // create a new image service raster
    ImageServiceRaster appliedImageServiceRaster = new ImageServiceRaster(
    // apply the rendering rule
    // create a raster layer using the image service raster
    RasterLayer rasterLayer = new RasterLayer(appliedImageServiceRaster);
    // add the raster layer to the map

  protected void onPause() {

  protected void onResume() {

  protected void onDestroy() {