Add features with contingent values

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Create and add features whose attribute values satisfy a predefined set of contingencies.

Image of add features with contingent values

Use case

Contingent values are a data design feature that allow you to make values in one field dependent on values in another field. Your choice for a value on one field further constrains the domain values that can be placed on another field. In this way, contingent values enforce data integrity by applying additional constraints to reduce the number of valid field inputs.

For example, a field crew working in a sensitive habitat area may be required to stay a certain distance away from occupied bird nests, but the size of that exclusion area differs depending on the bird's level of protection according to presiding laws. Surveyors can add points of bird nests in the work area, and their selection of the size of the exclusion area will be contingent on the values in other attribute fields.

How to use the sample

Click on the map to add a feature symbolizing a bird's nest. Then choose values describing the nest's status, protection, and buffer size. Notice how different values are available depending on the values of preceding fields. Once the contingent values are validated, click "Save" to add the feature to the map. To delete the feature as you are in progress, click "Delete".

How it works

  1. Create and load the Geodatabase from the mobile geodatabase location on file.
  2. Load the GeodatabaseFeatureTable from the geodatabase.
  3. Create a new FeatureLayer from the geodatabase feature table and add it to the map.
  4. Create a new ArcGISFeature using geodatabaseFeatureTable.createFeature()
  5. Load the ContingentValuesDefinition from the feature table.
  6. Get the required geodatabase feature table field by name using .getField(String fieldName).
  7. Then get the CodedValueDomain of the field with field.getDomain().
  8. Get the coded value domain's CodedValues with codedValueDomain.getCodedValues().
  9. After selecting a value from the initial coded values for the first field, retrieve the remaining valid contingent values for each field as you select the values for the attributes. i. Get the ContingentValueResults by using geodatabaseFeatureTable.getContingentValues(Feature feature, String field) with the feature and the target field by name. ii. Get an array of valid ContingentValues from contingentValuesResult.getContingentValuesByFieldGroup().get(String fieldGroupName) with the name of the relevant field group. iii. Iterate through the array of valid contingent values to create an array of ContingentCodedValue names or the minimum and maximum values of a ContingentRangeValue depending on the type of ContingentValue returned.
  10. Validate the feature's contingent values by using validateContingencyConstraints(Feature feature) with the current feature. If the resulting array is empty, the selected values are valid.

Relevant API

  • CodedValue
  • CodedValueDomain
  • ContingencyConstraintViolation
  • ContingentCodedValue
  • ContingentRangeValue
  • ContingentValue
  • ContingentValuesDefinition
  • ContingentValuesResult
  • GeodatabaseFeatureTable

Offline data

This sample uses the Contingent values birds nests mobile geodatabase and the Fillmore topographic map vector tile package for the basemap.

About the data

The mobile geodatabase contains birds nests in the Fillmore area, defined with contingent values. Each feature contains information about its status, protection, and buffer size.

Additional information

Learn more about contingent values and how to utilize them on the ArcGIS Pro documentation.

Tags

coded values, contingent values, feature table, geodatabase

Sample Code

AddFeaturesWithContingentValuesController.javaAddFeaturesWithContingentValuesController.javaAddFeaturesWithContingentValuesSample.javaCodedValueListCell.javamain.fxml
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/*
 * Copyright 2022 Esri.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not
 * use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of
 * the License at
 *
 * http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
 * WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
 * License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under
 * the License.
 */

package com.esri.samples.add_features_with_contingent_values;

import java.io.File;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;

import javafx.beans.property.SimpleBooleanProperty;
import javafx.collections.FXCollections;
import javafx.fxml.FXML;
import javafx.geometry.Point2D;
import javafx.scene.control.Alert;
import javafx.scene.control.ComboBox;
import javafx.scene.control.Label;
import javafx.scene.control.Slider;
import javafx.scene.input.MouseButton;
import javafx.scene.layout.VBox;
import javafx.scene.paint.Color;

import com.esri.arcgisruntime.ArcGISRuntimeEnvironment;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.data.ArcGISFeature;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.data.CodedValue;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.data.CodedValueDomain;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.data.ContingencyConstraintViolation;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.data.ContingentCodedValue;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.data.ContingentRangeValue;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.data.ContingentValue;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.data.ContingentValuesDefinition;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.data.ContingentValuesResult;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.data.Feature;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.data.Geodatabase;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.data.GeodatabaseFeatureTable;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.data.QueryParameters;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.geometry.Geometry;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.geometry.GeometryEngine;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.geometry.Point;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.layers.ArcGISVectorTiledLayer;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.layers.FeatureLayer;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.loadable.LoadStatus;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.ArcGISMap;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.Basemap;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.view.Graphic;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.view.GraphicsOverlay;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.view.MapView;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.symbology.ColorUtil;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.symbology.SimpleFillSymbol;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.symbology.SimpleLineSymbol;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.symbology.SimpleMarkerSymbol;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.symbology.SimpleRenderer;

public class AddFeaturesWithContingentValuesController {

  @FXML private MapView mapView;
  @FXML private ComboBox<CodedValue> statusComboBox;
  @FXML private ComboBox<CodedValue> protectionComboBox;
  @FXML private Label label;
  @FXML private Slider bufferSlider;
  @FXML private VBox attributeControlsVBox;
  @FXML private Label addFeatureLabel;
  @FXML private Label attributesLabel;

  private ArcGISFeature newFeature;
  private ContingentValuesDefinition contingentValuesDefinition;
  private FeatureLayer featureLayer;
  private Graphic graphic;
  private Geodatabase geodatabase;
  private GeodatabaseFeatureTable geodatabaseFeatureTable;
  private GraphicsOverlay graphicsOverlay;

  private final SimpleBooleanProperty isEditingFeatureProperty = new SimpleBooleanProperty(false);

  /**
   * Called after FXML loads. Sets up map.
   */
  public void initialize() {

    try {

      // authentication with an API key or named user is required to access basemaps and other location services
      String yourAPIKey = System.getProperty("apiKey");
      ArcGISRuntimeEnvironment.setApiKey(yourAPIKey);

      // display the name of the coded values in the attribute combo boxes
      protectionComboBox.setButtonCell(new CodedValueListCell());
      protectionComboBox.setCellFactory(c -> new CodedValueListCell());
      statusComboBox.setButtonCell(new CodedValueListCell());
      statusComboBox.setCellFactory(c -> new CodedValueListCell());

      // control updates to the UI
      isEditingFeatureProperty.addListener(((observable, oldValue, newValue) -> {
        if (newValue) {
          addFeatureLabel.setVisible(false);
          attributesLabel.setVisible(true);
          attributeControlsVBox.setDisable(false);
        } else {
          addFeatureLabel.setVisible(true);
          attributesLabel.setVisible(false);
          attributeControlsVBox.setDisable(true);
        }
      }));

      // create a new vector tile package from a vector tile package path
      var vectorTiledLayer = new ArcGISVectorTiledLayer(new File(System.getProperty("data.dir"), "./samples-data" +
              "/FillmoreTopographicMap.vtpk").getAbsolutePath());
      // create a new basemap with the vector tiled layer and create a new map from it
      var basemap = new Basemap(vectorTiledLayer);
      ArcGISMap map = new ArcGISMap(basemap);

      // set the map to the map view
      mapView.setMap(map);

      // create a graphics overlay to display the nest buffer exclusion area
      graphicsOverlay = new GraphicsOverlay();
      var bufferSymbol = new SimpleFillSymbol(SimpleFillSymbol.Style.FORWARD_DIAGONAL,
              ColorUtil.colorToArgb(Color.RED), new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbol.Style.SOLID,
              ColorUtil.colorToArgb(Color.BLACK), 2));
      graphicsOverlay.setRenderer(new SimpleRenderer(bufferSymbol));
      // create a new simple marker symbol to mark where new feature is being added on the map
      var symbol = new SimpleMarkerSymbol(SimpleMarkerSymbol.Style.CIRCLE, ColorUtil.colorToArgb(Color.BLACK), 11);
      // add the graphics overlay to the mapview
      mapView.getGraphicsOverlays().add(graphicsOverlay);

      geodatabase = new Geodatabase(new File(System.getProperty("data.dir"),
              "./samples-data/ContingentValuesBirdNests.geodatabase").getAbsolutePath());
      // wait for the geodatabase to finish loading and check it has loaded
      geodatabase.addDoneLoadingListener(() -> {
        if (geodatabase.getLoadStatus() == LoadStatus.LOADED) {

          // get the BirdNests geodatabase feature table, and wait for it to load
          geodatabaseFeatureTable = geodatabase.getGeodatabaseFeatureTable("BirdNests");
          geodatabaseFeatureTable.addDoneLoadingListener(() -> {
            if (geodatabaseFeatureTable.getLoadStatus() == LoadStatus.LOADED) {
              // create a new feature that matches the schema of the geodatabase feature table
              newFeature = (ArcGISFeature) geodatabaseFeatureTable.createFeature();
              featureLayer = new FeatureLayer(geodatabaseFeatureTable);
              map.getOperationalLayers().add(featureLayer);

              // when the feature layer has loaded, set the viewpoint on the map to its full extent, and add buffers to
              // the features
              featureLayer.addDoneLoadingListener(() -> {
                if (featureLayer.getLoadStatus() == LoadStatus.LOADED) {
                  mapView.setViewpointGeometryAsync(featureLayer.getFullExtent(), 50);
                  // queries the features in the feature table and applies a buffer to them
                  // set up query parameters for generating buffer graphic
                  queryAndBufferFeatures();
                  getAndLoadContingentDefinitionAndSetStatusAttribute();
                  mapView.setDisable(false);
                }
              });
            } else if (geodatabase.getLoadStatus() == LoadStatus.FAILED_TO_LOAD) {
              new Alert(Alert.AlertType.ERROR, "Geodatabase failed to load").show();
            }
          });
          // load the geodatabase feature table
          geodatabaseFeatureTable.loadAsync();
        }
      });
      // load the geodatabase
      geodatabase.loadAsync();

      // set up mouse clicked listener
      mapView.setOnMouseClicked(event -> {
        if (event.isStillSincePress() && event.getButton() == MouseButton.PRIMARY) {
          isEditingFeatureProperty.set(true);

          // if the newFeature object is null, create a new feature and set its attributes from the already populated UI
          if (newFeature == null) {
            newFeature = (ArcGISFeature) geodatabaseFeatureTable.createFeature();
            newFeature.getAttributes().put("Status", statusComboBox.getSelectionModel().getSelectedItem().getCode());
            newFeature.getAttributes().put("Protection",
                    protectionComboBox.getSelectionModel().getSelectedItem().getCode());
            newFeature.getAttributes().put("BufferSize", (int) bufferSlider.getValue());
          }

          // create a point from where the user clicked
          Point2D point = new Point2D(event.getX(), event.getY());
          Point mapPoint = mapView.screenToLocation(point);
          // get the normalized geometry for the clicked location and use it as the feature's geometry
          Point normalizedMapPoint = (Point) GeometryEngine.normalizeCentralMeridian(mapPoint);
          newFeature.setGeometry(normalizedMapPoint);

          // check if the graphics overlay already contains the graphic, and if not, add it to the graphics overlay
          if (!graphicsOverlay.getGraphics().contains(graphic)) {
            graphic = new Graphic();
            graphicsOverlay.getGraphics().add(graphic);
            graphic.setSymbol(symbol);
            graphic.setGeometry(newFeature.getGeometry());
            graphic.setSelected(true);
          } else {
            // otherwise, update the geometry of the graphic as the user clicks the map
            graphic.setGeometry(newFeature.getGeometry());
          }
        }
      });
    } catch (Exception e) {
      // on any error, display the stack trace
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
  }

  /**
   * Gets and loads the contingent values definition from the geodatabase feature table, checks it contains field groups, and gets
   * the coded value domains from the "Status" field.
   */
  private void getAndLoadContingentDefinitionAndSetStatusAttribute() {

    // get and load the table's contingent values definition. this must be loaded after the table has loaded
    contingentValuesDefinition = geodatabaseFeatureTable.getContingentValuesDefinition();
    contingentValuesDefinition.addDoneLoadingListener(() -> {
      // check the contingent values definition has field groups (if the list is empty, there are no
      // contingent values defined for this table
      if (contingentValuesDefinition.getLoadStatus() == LoadStatus.LOADED && !contingentValuesDefinition.getFieldGroups().isEmpty()) {
        // get the coded value domains for the "Status" field name
        CodedValueDomain statusCodedValueDomain =
                (CodedValueDomain) geodatabaseFeatureTable.getField("Status").getDomain();
        // add each returned coded value as an item to the status combo box
        for (CodedValue codedValue : statusCodedValueDomain.getCodedValues()) {
          // requires some mapping of object code back to string
          statusComboBox.getItems().add(codedValue);
        }
        // once the combo box has been populated with coded values, select the first one
        if (statusComboBox.getItems().size() == statusCodedValueDomain.getCodedValues().size()) {
          statusComboBox.getSelectionModel().selectFirst();
        }
        // check the contingent values are valid
        contingentValuesAreValid();
      }
    });
    contingentValuesDefinition.loadAsync();
  }

  /**
   * Handles interaction with the status combo box. Gets the coded value chosen from the combo box and sets it as
   * the feature's "Status" attribute.
   */
  @FXML
  private void handleStatusComboBox() {
    // add "Status" attribute to the new feature: this will allow the related contingent value in the
    // "Protected" field to be detected
    newFeature.getAttributes().put("Status", statusComboBox.getSelectionModel().getSelectedItem().getCode());

    // get contingent values for the protection field
    ContingentValuesResult protectionContingentValues = geodatabaseFeatureTable.getContingentValues(newFeature,
            "Protection");

    // get contingent values by field group for the protection field group
    List<ContingentValue> protectionFieldGroupValues =
            protectionContingentValues.getContingentValuesByFieldGroup().get("ProtectionFieldGroup");
    List<CodedValue> contingentCodedValues = FXCollections.observableArrayList();
    protectionFieldGroupValues.forEach(contingentValue -> {
      var contingentCodedValue = (ContingentCodedValue) contingentValue; // cast to required contingent value type
      contingentCodedValues.add(contingentCodedValue.getCodedValue());
    });

    // add contingent coded values to the protection attribute combobox
    protectionComboBox.setItems(FXCollections.observableArrayList(contingentCodedValues));

    // once the combo box has populated, select the first coded value
    if (protectionComboBox.getItems().size() == protectionFieldGroupValues.size()) {
      protectionComboBox.getSelectionModel().selectFirst();
    }
  }

  /**
   * Handles interaction with the protection combo box. Gets the coded value chosen from the combo box and sets it as
   * the feature's "Protection" attribute. Also sets the min and max value of the bufferSlider based on the contingent
   * range value of the returned contingent range value.
   */
  @FXML
  private void handleProtectionComboBox() {

    if (protectionComboBox.getSelectionModel().getSelectedItem() != null) {
      // put the value chosen from the protection combobox as the attribute for the new feature
      newFeature.getAttributes().put("Protection", protectionComboBox.getSelectionModel().getSelectedItem().getCode());

      // get contingent values for the buffer size field
      ContingentValuesResult bufferContingentValues = geodatabaseFeatureTable.getContingentValues(newFeature,
              "BufferSize");
      // get contingent range values for the buffer size field group
      ContingentRangeValue bufferRangeValue =
              (ContingentRangeValue) bufferContingentValues.getContingentValuesByFieldGroup()
                      .get("BufferSizeFieldGroup").get(0); // cast to required contingent value type

      // get the minimum and maximum value from the buffer contingent range values
      var minValue = (Integer) bufferRangeValue.getMinValue();
      var maxValue = (Integer) bufferRangeValue.getMaxValue();

      // set the min and max value of the buffer slider depending on the returned value of the contingent range value
      bufferSlider.setMin(minValue);
      bufferSlider.setMax(maxValue);
      bufferSlider.setValue(minValue);
      // set the "BufferSize" attribute to that of the value of the slider
      newFeature.getAttributes().put("BufferSize", (int) bufferSlider.getValue());
      // update label to show buffer size value
      label.setText("Exclusion Area Buffer Size: " + (Math.round(bufferSlider.getValue())));
    }
  }

  /**
   * Handles interaction with the buffer slider. Gets the buffer slider value and sets is as the feature's "BufferSize"
   * attribute.
   */
  @FXML
  private void handleBufferSlider() {

    // set the initial attribute and the text to the min of the contingent range value
    newFeature.getAttributes().put("BufferSize", (int) Math.round(bufferSlider.getValue()));
    label.setText("Exclusion Area Buffer Size: " + (Math.round(bufferSlider.getValue())));
  }

  /**
   * Queries features in the geodatabase feature table, and creates a buffer for each feature based on its "BufferSize"
   * attribute.
   */
  private void queryAndBufferFeatures() {

    // create new query parameters and set its where clause
    var queryParameters = new QueryParameters();
    queryParameters.setWhereClause("BufferSize > 0");

    // get all the features that have buffer size greater than zero
    var results = geodatabaseFeatureTable.queryFeaturesAsync(queryParameters);
    results.addDoneListener(() -> {

      try {
        // clear the existing buffer graphics
        graphicsOverlay.getGraphics().clear();

        // get the features from the result
        var featureQueryResult = results.get();
        for (Feature feature : featureQueryResult) {

          // get the feature's buffer size attribute and create a new buffer geometry from it
          Integer bufferDistance = (Integer) feature.getAttributes().get("BufferSize");
          Geometry buffer = GeometryEngine.buffer(feature.getGeometry(), bufferDistance);
          Graphic bufferGraphic = new Graphic(buffer);
          graphicsOverlay.getGraphics().add(bufferGraphic);
        }
      } catch (InterruptedException | ExecutionException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
      }
    });
  }

  /**
   * Validate contingency constraints of the new feature. If there are constraints, an error dialog will display.
   */
  private boolean contingentValuesAreValid() {

    List<ContingencyConstraintViolation> contingencyConstraintViolations = geodatabaseFeatureTable
            .validateContingencyConstraints(newFeature);
    int numberOfViolations = contingencyConstraintViolations.size();

    // if the number of contingency constraint violations is zero, the attribute map satisfies all contingencies
    if (numberOfViolations == 0) {
      return true;
    } else {
      List<String> fieldGroupsNames = new ArrayList<>();
      contingencyConstraintViolations.forEach(contingencyConstraintViolation -> {
        fieldGroupsNames.add(contingencyConstraintViolation.getFieldGroup().getName());
      });
      String errorType = contingencyConstraintViolations.get(0).getType().toString();
      new Alert(Alert.AlertType.ERROR,
              errorType + "! " + numberOfViolations + " violations found in: " + Arrays.toString(fieldGroupsNames.toArray())).show();
      return false;
    }
  }

  /**
   * Handles interaction with the save button. Checks that the contingent values set to the feature are valid and
   * adds the feature to the geodatabase feature table.
   */
  @FXML
  private void handleSaveButton() {

    if (contingentValuesAreValid()) {
      // add the feature to the table
      geodatabaseFeatureTable.addFeatureAsync(newFeature).addDoneListener(() -> {
        // query and buffer features again now that a new feature has been added to the table
        queryAndBufferFeatures();
        // now the new feature has been added set it to null to continue adding new features
        newFeature = null;
        // reset the UI until the user clicks to add a point
        isEditingFeatureProperty.set(false);
        graphic.setSelected(false);

      });
    }
  }

  /**
   * Handles interaction with the Delete button. Deletes the created feature from the geodatabase feature table.
   */
  @FXML
  private void deleteFeature() {

    // delete the feature from the geodatabase feature table
    var delete = geodatabaseFeatureTable.deleteFeatureAsync(newFeature);

    // now the new feature has been deleted set it to null to continue adding new features, and remove the graphic
    delete.addDoneListener(() -> {
      newFeature = null;
      graphicsOverlay.getGraphics().remove(graphic);
    });

    // reset the UI until the user clicks to add a point
    isEditingFeatureProperty.set(false);
    graphic.setSelected(false);
  }

  /**
   * Stops and releases all resources used in application.
   */
  void terminate() {

    if (mapView != null) {
      mapView.dispose();
      geodatabase.close();
    }
  }
}

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