Edit feature attachments

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Add, delete, and download attachments for features from a service.

Image of edit feature attachments

Use case

Attachments provide a flexible way to manage additional information that is related to your features. Attachments allow you to add files to individual features, including: PDFs, text documents, or any other type of file. For example, if you have a feature representing a building, you could use attachments to add multiple photographs of the building taken from several angles, along with PDF files containing the building's deed and tax information.

How to use the sample

Click a feature on the map to select it. Click 'Add Attachment' to add an attachment to the selected feature. The list view will update to show the attachments of the selected feature (if any). To delete an attachment, first select the feature, and then select an attachment from the list view. Then click 'Delete Attachment' to delete the selected attachment.

How it works

  1. Create a ServiceFeatureTable from a URL.
  2. Create a FeatureLayer object from the service feature table.
  3. Select features from the feature layer with selectFeatures.
  4. To fetch the feature's attachments, cast to an ArcGISFeature and useArcGISFeature.fetchAttachmentsAsync().
  5. To add an attachment to the selected ArcGISFeature, create an attachment and use ArcGISFeature.addAttachmentAsync().
  6. To delete an attachment from the selected ArcGISFeature, use the ArcGISFeature.deleteAttachmentAsync().
  7. After a change, apply the changes to the server using ServiceFeatureTable.applyEditsAsync().

Additional information

Attachments can only be added to and accessed on service feature tables when their hasAttachments property is true.

Relevant API

  • ArcGISFeature
  • FeatureLayer
  • ServiceFeatureTable

Tags

Edit and Manage Data, image, picture, JPEG, PNG, PDF, TXT

Sample Code

EditFeatureAttachmentsSample.java
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
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/*
 * Copyright 2017 Esri.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not
 * use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of
 * the License at
 *
 * http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
 * WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
 * License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under
 * the License.
 */

package com.esri.samples.edit_feature_attachments;

import org.apache.commons.io.IOUtils;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.application.Platform;
import javafx.geometry.Insets;
import javafx.geometry.Point2D;
import javafx.geometry.Pos;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.control.Alert;
import javafx.scene.control.Button;
import javafx.scene.control.Label;
import javafx.scene.control.ListView;
import javafx.scene.input.MouseButton;
import javafx.scene.layout.Background;
import javafx.scene.layout.BackgroundFill;
import javafx.scene.layout.CornerRadii;
import javafx.scene.layout.StackPane;
import javafx.scene.layout.VBox;
import javafx.scene.paint.Paint;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

import com.esri.arcgisruntime.ArcGISRuntimeEnvironment;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.concurrent.ListenableFuture;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.data.ArcGISFeature;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.data.Attachment;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.data.FeatureEditResult;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.data.ServiceFeatureTable;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.layers.FeatureLayer;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.loadable.LoadStatus;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.ArcGISMap;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.BasemapStyle;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.GeoElement;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.Viewpoint;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.view.IdentifyLayerResult;
import com.esri.arcgisruntime.mapping.view.MapView;

public class EditFeatureAttachmentsSample extends Application {

  private ListView<String> attachmentList;
  private Label attachmentsLabel;

  private ArcGISFeature selected;
  private List<Attachment> attachments;
  private ServiceFeatureTable featureTable;
  private MapView mapView;

  @Override
  public void start(Stage stage) {

    try {
      // create stack pane and application scene
      StackPane stackPane = new StackPane();
      Scene scene = new Scene(stackPane);
      scene.getStylesheets().add(getClass().getResource("/edit_feature_attachments/style.css").toExternalForm());

      // set title, size, and add scene to stage
      stage.setTitle("Edit Feature Attachments Sample");
      stage.setWidth(800);
      stage.setHeight(700);
      stage.setScene(scene);
      stage.show();

      // authentication with an API key or named user is required to access basemaps and other location services
      String yourAPIKey = System.getProperty("apiKey");
      ArcGISRuntimeEnvironment.setApiKey(yourAPIKey);

      // create a control panel
      VBox controlsVBox = new VBox(6);
      controlsVBox.setBackground(new Background(new BackgroundFill(Paint.valueOf("rgba(0,0,0,0.3)"), CornerRadii.EMPTY,
              Insets.EMPTY)));
      controlsVBox.setPadding(new Insets(10.0));
      controlsVBox.setMaxSize(180, 250);
      controlsVBox.getStyleClass().add("panel-region");

      // create add/delete buttons
      Button addAttachmentButton = new Button("Add Attachment");
      addAttachmentButton.setMaxWidth(Double.MAX_VALUE);
      addAttachmentButton.setDisable(true);

      Button deleteAttachmentButton = new Button("Delete Attachment");
      deleteAttachmentButton.setMaxWidth(Double.MAX_VALUE);
      deleteAttachmentButton.setDisable(true);

      // create a list to show selected feature's attachments
      attachmentList = new ListView<>();
      attachmentsLabel = new Label("Attachments: ");
      attachmentsLabel.getStyleClass().add("panel-label");
      attachmentList.getSelectionModel().selectedItemProperty().addListener(event -> deleteAttachmentButton.setDisable(attachmentList.getSelectionModel().getSelectedIndex() == -1));

      // get image attachment
      byte[] image = IOUtils.toByteArray(getClass().getResourceAsStream("/edit_feature_attachments/destroyed.png"));

      // button click to add image attachment to selected feature
      addAttachmentButton.setOnAction(e -> addAttachment(image));

      // button click to delete selected attachment
      deleteAttachmentButton.setOnAction(e -> deleteAttachment(attachmentList.getSelectionModel().getSelectedIndex()));

      // add controls to the panel
      controlsVBox.getChildren().addAll(addAttachmentButton, deleteAttachmentButton, attachmentsLabel, attachmentList);

      // create a map with the streets basemap style
      ArcGISMap map = new ArcGISMap(BasemapStyle.ARCGIS_STREETS);

      // create a map view and set the map to it
      mapView = new MapView();
      mapView.setMap(map);

      // set a viewpoint on the map view
      mapView.setViewpoint(new Viewpoint(40, -95, 36978595));

      // set selection color
      mapView.getSelectionProperties().setColor(0xff0000ff);

      // create service feature table from URL
      featureTable = new ServiceFeatureTable("https://sampleserver6.arcgisonline.com/arcgis/rest/services/DamageAssessment/FeatureServer/0");

      // create a feature layer from service feature table
      FeatureLayer featureLayer = new FeatureLayer(featureTable);

      // add the feature layer to the ArcGISMap
      map.getOperationalLayers().add(featureLayer);

      // show alert if layer fails to load
      featureLayer.addDoneLoadingListener(() -> {
        if (featureLayer.getLoadStatus() != LoadStatus.LOADED) {
          displayMessage("Error", "Error loading feature layer");
        }
      });

      mapView.setOnMouseClicked(event -> {
        if (event.isStillSincePress() && event.getButton() == MouseButton.PRIMARY) {
          // create a map point from a point
          Point2D point = new Point2D(event.getX(), event.getY());

          // clear previous results
          featureLayer.clearSelection();
          addAttachmentButton.setDisable(true);
          attachmentList.getItems().clear();

          // get the clicked feature
          ListenableFuture<IdentifyLayerResult> results = mapView.identifyLayerAsync(featureLayer, point, 1, false);
          results.addDoneListener(() -> {
            try {
              IdentifyLayerResult layer = results.get();
              List<GeoElement> identified = layer.getElements();
              if (identified.size() > 0) {
                GeoElement element = identified.get(0);
                // get selected feature
                if (element instanceof ArcGISFeature) {
                  selected = (ArcGISFeature) element;
                  featureLayer.selectFeature(selected);
                  selected.loadAsync();
                  selected.addDoneLoadingListener(() -> {
                    if (selected.getLoadStatus() == LoadStatus.LOADED) {
                      fetchAttachments(selected);
                    } else {
                      displayMessage("Error", "Element failed to load!");
                    }
                  });
                  addAttachmentButton.setDisable(false);
                }
              }
            } catch (InterruptedException | ExecutionException e) {
              displayMessage("Exception getting identify result", e.getCause().getMessage());
            }
          });
        }
      });

      // add map view and control panel to stack pane
      stackPane.getChildren().addAll(mapView, controlsVBox);
      StackPane.setAlignment(controlsVBox, Pos.TOP_LEFT);
      StackPane.setMargin(controlsVBox, new Insets(10, 0, 0, 10));
    } catch (Exception e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
  }

  /**
   * Updates the UI with a list of a feature's attachments.
   */
  private void fetchAttachments(ArcGISFeature feature) {

    ListenableFuture<List<Attachment>> attachmentResults = feature.fetchAttachmentsAsync();
    attachmentResults.addDoneListener(() -> {
      try {
        attachments = attachmentResults.get();

        // update UI attachments list
        Platform.runLater(() -> {
          attachmentList.getItems().clear();
          attachments.forEach(attachment -> attachmentList.getItems().add(attachment.getName()));
          if (!attachments.isEmpty()) {
            attachmentsLabel.setText("Attachments: ");
          } else {
            attachmentsLabel.setText("No Attachments!");
          }
        });
      } catch (InterruptedException | ExecutionException e) {
        displayMessage("Exception getting feature attachments", e.getCause().getMessage());
      }
    });
  }

  /**
   * Adds an attachment to a Feature.
   *
   * @param attachment byte array of attachment
   */
  private void addAttachment(byte[] attachment) {

    if (selected.canEditAttachments()) {
      ListenableFuture<Attachment> addResult = selected.addAttachmentAsync(attachment, "image/png",
              "edit_feature_attachments/destroyed.png");
      addResult.addDoneListener(() -> {
        // update feature table
        ListenableFuture<Void> tableResult = featureTable.updateFeatureAsync(selected);

        // apply update to server when new feature is added, and update the
        // displayed list of attachments
        tableResult.addDoneListener(() -> applyEdits(featureTable));
      });
    } else {
      displayMessage(null, "Cannot add attachment.");
    }
  }

  /**
   * Deletes a selected attachment from a Feature.
   */
  private void deleteAttachment(int attachmentIndex) {

    if (selected.canEditAttachments()) {
      ListenableFuture<Void> deleteResult = selected.deleteAttachmentAsync(attachments.get(attachmentIndex));
      deleteResult.addDoneListener(() -> {
        // update feature table
        ListenableFuture<Void> tableResult = featureTable.updateFeatureAsync(selected);
        // apply update to server when new feature is deleted
        tableResult.addDoneListener(() -> applyEdits(featureTable));
      });
    } else {
      displayMessage(null, "Cannot delete attachment");
    }
  }

  /**
   * Sends any edits on the ServiceFeatureTable to the server.
   *
   * @param featureTable service feature table
   */
  private void applyEdits(ServiceFeatureTable featureTable) {

    // apply the changes to the server
    ListenableFuture<List<FeatureEditResult>> editResult = featureTable.applyEditsAsync();
    editResult.addDoneListener(() -> {
      try {
        List<FeatureEditResult> edits = editResult.get();
        // check if the server edit was successful
        if (edits != null && edits.size() > 0) {
          if (!edits.get(0).hasCompletedWithErrors()) {
            displayMessage(null, "Edited feature successfully");
          } else {
            if (edits.get(0).getError() != null) {
              throw edits.get(0).getError();
            }
          }
        }
        // update the displayed list of attachments
        fetchAttachments(selected);
      } catch (InterruptedException | ExecutionException e) {
        displayMessage("Error applying edits on server ", e.getCause().getMessage());
      }
    });
  }

  /**
   * Shows a message in an alert dialog.
   *
   * @param title   title of alert
   * @param message message to display
   */
  private void displayMessage(String title, String message) {

    Platform.runLater(() -> {
      Alert dialog = new Alert(Alert.AlertType.INFORMATION);
      dialog.initOwner(mapView.getScene().getWindow());
      dialog.setHeaderText(title);
      dialog.setContentText(message);
      dialog.showAndWait();
    });
  }

  /**
   * Stops and releases all resources used in application.
   */
  @Override
  public void stop() {

    // release resources when the application closes
    if (mapView != null) {
      mapView.dispose();
    }
  }

  /**
   * Opens and runs application.
   *
   * @param args arguments passed to this application
   */
  public static void main(String[] args) {

    Application.launch(args);
  }

}

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