Edit feature attachments

View inMAUIWPFWinUIUWPView on GitHubSample viewer app

Add, delete, and download attachments for features from a service.

Image of edit feature attachments

Use case

Attachments provide a flexible way to manage additional information that is related to your features. Attachments allow you to add files to individual features, including: PDFs, text documents, or any other type of file. For example, if you have a feature representing a building, you could use attachments to add multiple photographs of the building taken from several angles, along with PDF files containing the building's deed and tax information.

How to use the sample

Tap a feature to load its attachments. Use the buttons to save, delete, or add attachments.

How it works

  1. Create a ServiceFeatureTable from a URL.
  2. Create a FeatureLayer object from the service feature table.
  3. Select features from the feature layer with FeatureLayer.SelectFeatures().
  4. To fetch the feature's attachments, cast to an ArcGISFeature and useArcGISFeature.GetAttachmentsAsync().
  5. To add an attachment to the selected ArcGISFeature, create an attachment and use ArcGISFeature.AddAttachmentAsync().
  6. To delete an attachment from the selected ArcGISFeature, use the ArcGISFeature.DeleteAttachmentAsync().
  7. After a change, apply the changes to the server using ServiceFeatureTable.ApplyEditsAsync().

Relevant API

  • ApplyEditsAsync
  • DeleteAttachmentAsync
  • FeatureLayer
  • FetchAttachmentsAsync
  • FetchDataAsync
  • ServiceFeatureTable
  • UpdateFeatureAsync

Additional information

Attachments can only be added to and accessed on service feature tables when their HasAttachments property is true.

Tags

data, image, JPEG, PDF, picture, PNG, TXT

Sample Code

EditFeatureAttachments.xaml.csEditFeatureAttachments.xaml.csEditFeatureAttachments.xaml
Use dark colors for code blocksCopy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
// Copyright 2021 Esri.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at: http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an
// "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific
// language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Data;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Geometry;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.Mapping;
using Esri.ArcGISRuntime.UI.Controls;
using Microsoft.Win32;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;

namespace ArcGIS.WPF.Samples.EditFeatureAttachments
{
    [ArcGIS.Samples.Shared.Attributes.Sample(
        name: "Edit feature attachments",
        category: "Data",
        description: "Add, delete, and download attachments for features from a service.",
        instructions: "Tap a feature to load its attachments. Use the buttons to save, delete, or add attachments.",
        tags: new[] { "JPEG", "PDF", "PNG", "TXT", "data", "image", "picture" })]
    public partial class EditFeatureAttachments
    {
        // URL to the feature service.
        private const string FeatureServiceUrl = "https://sampleserver6.arcgisonline.com/arcgis/rest/services/DamageAssessment/FeatureServer/0";

        // Hold a reference to the feature layer.
        private FeatureLayer _damageLayer;

        // Hold a reference to the recently selected feature.
        private ArcGISFeature _selectedFeature;

        public EditFeatureAttachments()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            Initialize();
        }

        private void Initialize()
        {
            try
            {
                // Create the map with streets basemap.
                MyMapView.Map = new Map(BasemapStyle.ArcGISStreets);

                // Create the feature table, referring to the Damage Assessment feature service.
                ServiceFeatureTable damageTable = new ServiceFeatureTable(new Uri(FeatureServiceUrl));

                // Create a feature layer to visualize the features in the table.
                _damageLayer = new FeatureLayer(damageTable);

                // Add the layer to the map.
                MyMapView.Map.OperationalLayers.Add(_damageLayer);

                // Listen for user taps on the map.
                MyMapView.GeoViewTapped += MapView_Tapped;

                // Zoom to the United States.
                _ = MyMapView.SetViewpointCenterAsync(new MapPoint(-10800000, 4500000, SpatialReferences.WebMercator), 3e7);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(ex.Message, ex.GetType().Name, MessageBoxButton.OK, MessageBoxImage.Error);
            }
        }

        private async void MapView_Tapped(object sender, GeoViewInputEventArgs e)
        {
            // Clear any existing selection.
            _damageLayer.ClearSelection();
            _selectedFeature = null;

            // Reset the UI.
            AttachmentsListBox.IsEnabled = false;
            AttachmentsListBox.ItemsSource = null;
            AddAttachmentButton.IsEnabled = false;

            try
            {
                // Perform an identify to determine if a user tapped on a feature.
                IdentifyLayerResult identifyResult = await MyMapView.IdentifyLayerAsync(_damageLayer, e.Position, 2, false);

                // Do nothing if there are no results.
                if (!identifyResult.GeoElements.Any())
                {
                    return;
                }

                // Get the selected feature as an ArcGISFeature. It is assumed that all GeoElements in the result are of type ArcGISFeature.
                GeoElement tappedElement = identifyResult.GeoElements.First();
                ArcGISFeature tappedFeature = (ArcGISFeature)tappedElement;

                // Select the feature in the UI and hold a reference to the tapped feature in a field.
                _damageLayer.SelectFeature(tappedFeature);
                _selectedFeature = tappedFeature;

                // Load the feature.
                await tappedFeature.LoadAsync();

                // Get the attachments.
                IReadOnlyList<Attachment> attachments = await tappedFeature.GetAttachmentsAsync();

                // Populate the UI with a list of attachments that have a content type of image/jpeg.
                AttachmentsListBox.ItemsSource = attachments.Where(attachment => attachment.ContentType == "image/jpeg");
                AttachmentsListBox.IsEnabled = true;
                AddAttachmentButton.IsEnabled = true;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(ex.ToString(), "Error loading feature");
            }
        }

        private async void AddAttachment_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (_selectedFeature == null)
            {
                return;
            }

            // Adjust the UI.
            AddAttachmentButton.IsEnabled = false;
            ActivityIndicator.Visibility = Visibility.Visible;

            try
            {
                // Show a file dialog.
                // Allow the user to specify a file path - create the dialog.
                OpenFileDialog dlg = new OpenFileDialog
                {
                    DefaultExt = ".jpg",
                    Filter = "Image Files(*.JPG;*.JPEG)|*.JPG;*.JPEG",
                    InitialDirectory = Environment.GetFolderPath(Environment.SpecialFolder.MyPictures)
                };

                // Show the dialog and get the results.
                bool? result = dlg.ShowDialog();

                // Take action if the user selected a file.
                if (result != true)
                {
                    return;
                }

                // Get the name of the file from the full path (dlg.FileName is the full path).
                string filename = Path.GetFileName(dlg.FileName);

                // Create a stream for reading the file.
                FileStream fs = new FileStream(dlg.FileName,
                    FileMode.Open,
                    FileAccess.Read);

                // Create a binary reader from the stream.
                BinaryReader br = new BinaryReader(fs);

                // Populate the attachment data with the binary content.
                long numBytes = new FileInfo(dlg.FileName).Length;
                byte[] attachmentData = br.ReadBytes((int)numBytes);

                // Close the stream.
                fs.Close();

                // Add the attachment.
                // The contentType string is the MIME type for JPEG files, image/jpeg.
                await _selectedFeature.AddAttachmentAsync(filename, "image/jpeg", attachmentData);

                // Get a reference to the feature's service feature table.
                ServiceFeatureTable serviceTable = (ServiceFeatureTable)_selectedFeature.FeatureTable;

                // Apply the edits to the service feature table.
                await serviceTable.ApplyEditsAsync();

                // Update UI.
                _selectedFeature.Refresh();
                AttachmentsListBox.ItemsSource = await _selectedFeature.GetAttachmentsAsync();

                MessageBox.Show("Successfully added attachment", "Success!");
            }
            catch (Exception exception)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(exception.ToString(), "Error adding attachment");
            }
            finally
            {
                // Adjust the UI.
                AddAttachmentButton.IsEnabled = true;
                ActivityIndicator.Visibility = Visibility.Collapsed;
            }
        }

        private async void DeleteAttachment_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            ActivityIndicator.Visibility = Visibility.Visible;

            try
            {
                // Get a reference to the button that raised the event.
                Button sendingButton = (Button)sender;

                // Get the attachment from the button's DataContext. The button's DataContext is set by the list view.
                Attachment selectedAttachment = (Attachment)sendingButton.DataContext;

                // Delete the attachment.
                await _selectedFeature.DeleteAttachmentAsync(selectedAttachment);

                // Get a reference to the feature's service feature table.
                ServiceFeatureTable serviceTable = (ServiceFeatureTable)_selectedFeature.FeatureTable;

                // Apply the edits to the service feature table.
                await serviceTable.ApplyEditsAsync();

                // Update UI.
                _selectedFeature.Refresh();
                AttachmentsListBox.ItemsSource = await _selectedFeature.GetAttachmentsAsync();

                // Show success message.
                MessageBox.Show("Successfully delete attachment", "Success!");
            }
            catch (Exception exception)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(exception.ToString(), "Error deleting attachment");
            }
            finally
            {
                ActivityIndicator.Visibility = Visibility.Collapsed;
            }
        }

        private async void DownloadAttachment_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            try
            {
                // Get the attachment that should be downloaded.
                Button sendingButton = (Button)sender;
                Attachment selectedAttachment = (Attachment)sendingButton.DataContext;

                // Show a file dialog.
                // Allow the user to specify a file path - create the dialog.
                SaveFileDialog dlg = new SaveFileDialog
                {
                    FileName = selectedAttachment.Name,
                    Filter = selectedAttachment.ContentType + "|*.jpg",
                    InitialDirectory = Environment.GetFolderPath(Environment.SpecialFolder.Personal)
                };

                // Show the dialog and get the results.
                bool? result = dlg.ShowDialog();

                // Take action if the user selected a file.
                if (result != true)
                {
                    return;
                }

                // Load the data into a byte array.
                Stream attachmentDataStream = await selectedAttachment.GetDataAsync();
                byte[] attachmentData = new byte[attachmentDataStream.Length];
                attachmentDataStream.Read(attachmentData, 0, attachmentData.Length);

                // Write out the file.
                FileStream fs = new FileStream(dlg.FileName,
                    FileMode.OpenOrCreate,
                    FileAccess.Write);
                fs.Write(attachmentData, 0, attachmentData.Length);
                fs.Close();

                // Launch the file.
                Process.Start(new ProcessStartInfo(dlg.FileName) { UseShellExecute = true });
            }
            catch (Exception exception)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(exception.ToString(), "Error reading attachment");
            }
        }
    }
}

Your browser is no longer supported. Please upgrade your browser for the best experience. See our browser deprecation post for more details.