Offline routing

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This sample demonstrates how to solve a route on-the-fly using offline data.

screenshot

Use case

You can use an offline network to enable routing in disconnected scenarios. For example, you could provide offline location capabilities to field workers repairing critical infrastructure in a disaster when network availability is limited.

How to use the sample

Click near a road to start adding a stop to the route, click again to place it on the map. A number graphic will show its order in the route. After adding at least 2 stops, a route will display. Choose "Fastest" or "Shortest" to control how the route is optimized. To move a stop, click on the graphic, and while continuing to press on the graphic, move the mouse to reposition. Release the mouse to set the new position. The route will update on-the-fly while moving stops. The green box marks the boundary of the route geodatabase.

How it works

To display a Route using a RouteTask with offline data:

  1. Create the map's Basemap from a local tile package using a TileCache and ArcGISTiledLayer
  2. Create a RouteTask with an offline locator geodatabase
  3. Get the RouteParameters using routeTask.createDefaultParameters()
  4. Create Stops and add them to the route task's parameters.
  5. Solve the Route using routeTask.solveRoute(routeParameters)
  6. Create a graphic with the route's geometry and a SimpleLineSymbol and display it on another GraphicsOverlay.

Relevant API

  • RouteParameters
  • RouteResult
  • RouteTask
  • Stop
  • TravelMode

Offline data

The data used by this sample is available on ArcGIS Online.

Link Local Location
San Diego Streets TPKX <userhome>/ArcGIS/Runtime/Data/tpkx/san_diego

About the data

This sample uses a pre-packaged sample dataset consisting of a geodatabase with a San Diego road network and a tile package with a streets basemap.

Tags

connectivity, disconnected, fastest, locator, navigation, network analysis, offline, routing, shortest, turn-by-turn

Sample Code

OfflineRouting.cppOfflineRouting.cppOfflineRouting.hOfflineRouting.qml
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// [WriteFile Name=OfflineRouting, Category=Routing]
// [Legal]
// Copyright 2020 Esri.

// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
// http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
// [Legal]

#ifdef PCH_BUILD
#include "pch.hpp"
#endif // PCH_BUILD

#include "OfflineRouting.h"

#include "ArcGISTiledLayer.h"
#include "CompositeSymbol.h"
#include "Envelope.h"
#include "GeometryEngine.h"
#include "Graphic.h"
#include "GraphicsOverlay.h"
#include "Map.h"
#include "MapQuickView.h"
#include "PictureMarkerSymbol.h"
#include "Polyline.h"
#include "RouteParameters.h"
#include "RouteResult.h"
#include "RouteTask.h"
#include "SimpleLineSymbol.h"
#include "SimpleRenderer.h"
#include "Stop.h"
#include "TextSymbol.h"
#include "TileCache.h"

#include <memory>
#include <QDir>
#include <QScopedPointer>

#ifdef Q_OS_IOS
#include <QStandardPaths>
#endif // Q_OS_IOS

using namespace Esri::ArcGISRuntime;

// helper method to get cross platform data path
namespace
{
QString defaultDataPath()
{
  QString dataPath;

#ifdef Q_OS_ANDROID
  dataPath = "/sdcard";
#elif defined Q_OS_IOS
  dataPath = QStandardPaths::writableLocation(QStandardPaths::DocumentsLocation);
#else
  dataPath = QDir::homePath();
#endif

  return dataPath;
}
const QUrl pinUrl("qrc:/Samples/Routing/OfflineRouting/orange_symbol.png");
} // namespace

OfflineRouting::OfflineRouting(QObject* parent /* = nullptr */):
  QObject(parent),
  m_pinSymbol(new PictureMarkerSymbol(pinUrl, this)),
  m_stopsOverlay(new GraphicsOverlay(this)),
  m_routeOverlay(new GraphicsOverlay(this))
{
  const QString folderLocation = QString("%1/ArcGIS/Runtime/Data/tpkx/san_diego").arg(defaultDataPath());
  if (!QFileInfo::exists(folderLocation))
  {
    qWarning() << "Please download required data.";
    return;
  }

  const QString fileLocation = folderLocation + QString("/streetmap_SD.tpkx");
  TileCache* tileCache = new TileCache(fileLocation, this);
  ArcGISTiledLayer* tiledLayer = new ArcGISTiledLayer(tileCache, this);
  Basemap* basemap = new Basemap(tiledLayer, this);
  m_map = new Map(basemap, this);
  m_map->setMinScale(100000);

  SimpleLineSymbol* lineSymbol = new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbolStyle::Solid, Qt::blue, 2, this);
  SimpleRenderer* routeRenderer = new SimpleRenderer(lineSymbol, this);
  m_routeOverlay->setRenderer(routeRenderer);

  m_pinSymbol->setHeight(50);
  m_pinSymbol->setWidth(50);
  m_pinSymbol->setOffsetY(m_pinSymbol->height() / 2);

  const QString geodatabaseLocation = folderLocation + QString("/sandiego.geodatabase");
  m_routeTask = new RouteTask(geodatabaseLocation, "Streets_ND", this);
  m_routeTask->load();
}

OfflineRouting::~OfflineRouting() = default;

void OfflineRouting::init()
{
  // Register the map view for QML
  qmlRegisterType<MapQuickView>("Esri.Samples", 1, 0, "MapView");
  qmlRegisterType<OfflineRouting>("Esri.Samples", 1, 0, "OfflineRoutingSample");
}

MapQuickView* OfflineRouting::mapView() const
{
  return m_mapView;
}

QStringList OfflineRouting::travelModeNames() const
{
  // if route task not initialized or loaded, then do not execute
  if (!m_routeTask)
    return { };

  if(m_routeTask->loadStatus() != LoadStatus::Loaded)
    return { };

  const QList<TravelMode> modesList = m_routeTask->routeTaskInfo().travelModes();
  QStringList strList;
  for (const TravelMode& mode : modesList)
  {
    strList << mode.name();
  }
  return strList;
}

void OfflineRouting::setTravelModeIndex(int index)
{
  if (m_travelModeIndex == index)
    return;

  m_travelModeIndex = index;
  emit travelModeIndexChanged();
}

int OfflineRouting::travelModeIndex() const
{
  return m_travelModeIndex;
}

void OfflineRouting::connectSignals()
{
  connect(m_routeTask, &RouteTask::createDefaultParametersCompleted, this, [this](QUuid, const RouteParameters& defaultParameters)
  {
    m_routeParameters = defaultParameters;
  });

  connect(m_routeTask, &RouteTask::doneLoading, this, [this](Error loadError)
  {
    if (loadError.isEmpty())
    {
      m_routeTask->createDefaultParameters();
      emit travelModeNamesChanged();
    }
    else
    {
      qDebug() << loadError.message() << loadError.additionalMessage();
    }
  });

  connect(m_mapView, &MapQuickView::identifyGraphicsOverlayCompleted, this, [this](QUuid, IdentifyGraphicsOverlayResult* rawIdentifyResult)
  {
    auto result = std::unique_ptr<IdentifyGraphicsOverlayResult>(rawIdentifyResult);
    if (!result->error().isEmpty())
      qDebug() << result->error().message() << result->error().additionalMessage();

    m_selectedGraphic = nullptr;
    if (!result->graphics().isEmpty())
    {
      // identify selected graphic in m_stopsOverlay
      int index = m_stopsOverlay->graphics()->indexOf(result->graphics().at(0));
      m_selectedGraphic = m_stopsOverlay->graphics()->at(index);
    }

  });

  // check whether mouse pressed over an existing stop
  connect(m_mapView, &MapQuickView::mousePressed, this, [this](QMouseEvent& e){
    m_mapView->identifyGraphicsOverlay(m_stopsOverlay, e.x(), e.y(), 10, false);
  });

  // get stops from clicked locations
  connect(m_mapView, &MapQuickView::mouseClicked, this, [this](QMouseEvent& e){
    if (!m_selectedGraphic)
    {
      // return if point is outside of bounds
      if (!GeometryEngine::within(m_mapView->screenToLocation(e.x(), e.y()), m_routableArea))
      {
        qWarning() << "Outside of routable area.";
        return;
      }
      TextSymbol* textSymbol = new TextSymbol(QString::number(m_stopsOverlay->graphics()->size() + 1), Qt::white, 20, HorizontalAlignment::Center, VerticalAlignment::Bottom, this);
      textSymbol->setOffsetY(m_pinSymbol->height() / 2);
      CompositeSymbol* stopLabel = new CompositeSymbol(QList<Symbol*>{m_pinSymbol, textSymbol}, this);
      Graphic* stopGraphic = new Graphic(m_mapView->screenToLocation(e.x(), e.y()), stopLabel, this);
      m_stopsOverlay->graphics()->append(stopGraphic);
      findRoute();
    }
    e.accept();
  });

  // mouseMoved is processed before identifyGraphicsOverlayCompleted, so must clear graphic upon mouseReleased
  connect(m_mapView, &MapQuickView::mouseReleased, this, [this](QMouseEvent& e) {
    if (m_selectedGraphic)
    {
      m_selectedGraphic = nullptr;
      e.accept();
    }
  });

  // if mouse is moved while pressing on a graphic, the click-and-pan effect of the MapView is prevented by e.accept()
  connect(m_mapView, &MapQuickView::mouseMoved, this, [this](QMouseEvent&e){
    if (m_selectedGraphic)
    {
      e.accept();

      // return if point is outside of bounds
      if (!GeometryEngine::within(m_mapView->screenToLocation(e.x(), e.y()), m_routableArea))
      {
        qWarning() << "Outside of routable area.";
        return;
      }
      m_selectedGraphic->setGeometry(m_mapView->screenToLocation(e.x(), e.y()));
      findRoute();
    }
  });

  connect(m_routeTask, &RouteTask::solveRouteCompleted, this, [this](QUuid, const RouteResult routeResult){
    if (routeResult.isEmpty())
      return;

    // clear old route
    m_routeOverlay->graphics()->clear();
    Polyline routeGeometry = qAsConst(routeResult).routes().first().routeGeometry();
    Graphic* routeGraphic = new Graphic(routeGeometry, this);

    m_routeOverlay->graphics()->append(routeGraphic);
  });
}

void OfflineRouting::findRoute()
{
  if(!m_taskWatcher.isDone())
    return;

  if (m_stopsOverlay->graphics()->size() > 1)
  {
    QList<Stop> stops;
    for (const Graphic* graphic : *m_stopsOverlay->graphics())
    {
      stops << Stop(graphic->geometry());
    }

    // configure stops and travel mode
    m_routeParameters.setStops(stops);
    m_routeParameters.setTravelMode(m_routeTask->routeTaskInfo().travelModes().at(m_travelModeIndex));

    m_taskWatcher = m_routeTask->solveRoute(m_routeParameters);
  }
}

// Set the view (created in QML)
void OfflineRouting::setMapView(MapQuickView* mapView)
{
  if (!mapView || mapView == m_mapView)
    return;

  m_mapView = mapView;
  m_mapView->setMap(m_map);

  m_mapView->graphicsOverlays()->append(m_stopsOverlay);
  m_mapView->graphicsOverlays()->append(m_routeOverlay);

  GraphicsOverlay* boundaryOverlay = new GraphicsOverlay(this);
  m_routableArea = Envelope(Point(-13045352.223196, 3864910.900750,SpatialReference::webMercator()), Point(-13024588.857198, 3838880.505604, SpatialReference::webMercator()));
  SimpleLineSymbol* boundarySymbol = new SimpleLineSymbol(SimpleLineSymbolStyle::Dash, Qt::green, 3, this);
  Graphic* boundaryGraphic = new Graphic(m_routableArea, boundarySymbol, this);
  boundaryOverlay->graphics()->append(boundaryGraphic);
  m_mapView->graphicsOverlays()->append(boundaryOverlay);

  connectSignals();

  emit mapViewChanged();
}

void OfflineRouting::resetMap()
{
  m_selectedGraphic = nullptr;
  if (m_stopsOverlay)
    m_stopsOverlay->graphics()->clear();
  if(m_routeOverlay)
    m_routeOverlay->graphics()->clear();
}

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